Course Catalog - Stanza Academy

Stanza Academy


Course Catalogs

If a course you would like to take is not listed, please contact us.

Courses by grade level

Kindergarten

This Kindergarten Language Arts course will teach students to identify and write all letters, produce letter sounds and also frequently used phonograms. Students will also master weekly sight words and reading and comprehension strategies to grow as readers.
Semester A During the first semester students will learn foundational math facts. They will learn to count to 12, how to compare sizes, ordinal numbers putting items in order, what a number line is and its uses, basic measurements such as inches and feet, and how to tell time on digital and analog clocks. Students will have many opportunities to practice these new concepts by interacting with online confirmation exercises and filling out worksheets off line. A special emphasis this semester is for students to have fun with numbers, finding success with concepts such as bigger and smaller and being comfortable in an online environment.

Semester B Students learn to count to twenty. They work with comparing objects using the terms tall, longer, and shorter as well as comparing two objects using the terms lighter and heavier. They will continue their exploration of basic geometric shapes such as cones and spheres. The will work with the concept of first, middle, and last. Arranging and sorting receive special emphasis this semester. Students will also work on writing numbers with 3, 4, and 5 given special attention. Students will learn the concepts of left and right. Coins are also a focus as students will count pennies, nickels and dimes. Finally, the number 7 is studied using the colors of the rainbow. Projects include making paper fingers and thumbs and creating designs with them. They will also make the numbers 1-10 out of dough.
Semester A In Kindergarten Science, students in this course will use their senses to explore their world. Students experience nature walks, gardening, and imitative games by exploring varying concepts.

Semester B Students in this course will continue using their senses to explore their world. Students experience nature walks, gardening, and imitative games by exploring varying concepts.
Semester A This course introduces students to their place in the community and the responsibilities of being a member of society. Great figures of U.S. history such as Pocahontas, George Washington and Abraham Lincoln are a focus of learning in this semester. Students will also learn about everyday heroes, the responsibilities of pet ownership, the importance of rules, table manners, and eating well. A skill that students will practice throughout the semester is retelling stories. Students may do this by recording audio, retelling the stories orally, or writing their observations. They will learn how to use details and basics of narratives. Projects will help students think about what pets need and defining emotions.

Semester B In the second semester students are introduced to map reading skills. They will be taught to read maps of the U.S. and the world. From learning about location to how water is represented to floor plans, students are introduced to map skills that will last a lifetime. Students will also learn about symbols of the U.S. such as the American flag and the eagle. From there students learn about holidays with a particular focus on Thanksgiving. Another focus is on currency. They will be introduced to what money is, how money can be spent, the power of buying locally, and the difference between wants and needs. Projects will include a piece on distinguishing facts from fiction, buying locally, and focusing on the differences between needs and wants.

First Grade

This First Grade Language Arts course will teach students to identify and write all letters, produce letter sounds and also frequently used phonograms. Students will also master weekly sight words and reading and comprehension strategies to grow as readers. All Common Core 1 LA standards are met in this course.
Semester A During the first semester students will build fluency with basic math facts. They will learn to count to 100, basic addition and subtraction facts, and how to add double-digit numbers. Students will be introduced to such new concepts as word problems, Venn diagrams, and basic geometric concepts. There is an emphasis on learning practical skills such as reading thermometers, looking at maps, and understanding the value of coins. Students will have multiple opportunities to practice new skills and knowledge through using integrated online practice problems.

Semester B During the second semester students will begin counting by twos, fives, and tens. They will learn both vertical addition and subtraction. Students are introduced to multiplication and division and the signs used in those operations. They will also study even and odd numbers. Students continue their exploration of geometric shapes through drawing and apply what they learn about shapes by sorting various figures in Venn diagrams. They will also use a balance beam to understand the concept of weight – lighter versus heavier. As in semester A, students will have multiple opportunities to practice new skills and knowledge through using integrated online practice problems.Sample Description
Semester A In First Grade Science, students in this course will complete projects that are designed to allow for exploration and discovery. Students observe their surroundings and through observations of the natural world conduct inquiries into topics related to their healthy development.

Semester B Students in this course will complete projects that are designed to allow for exploration and discovery. Students observe their surroundings and through observations of the natural world conduct inquiries into topics related to their healthy development.
Semester A In this semester, students begin to explore basic fundamentals of social studies including map skills, cardinal directions, and will begin to examine maps of the U.S. and the globe. Students will also be introduced to diversity and the importance of it in developing the culture of the United States. They will also begin their studies of character education, like good citizenship, taking responsibility, serving their community, and leadership.

Semester B The second semester will begin the students’ studies of historical America. They will talk about famous historical figures such as George Washington Carver, Susan B. Anthony, Ruby Bridges, Amelia Earhart, Thomas Edison, and Benjamin Franklin. They will also explore tall tales and folklore dealing with history, character education, and other morals. They will also explore what is meant by economics, studying the difference between goods and services, needs and wants, and producers and consumers. They will end the semester doing some research and presentation of what they learned this semester.

Second Grade

The 2nd Grade Language Arts course will teach students to spell and write vocabulary, read more fluently, apply grammar concepts, and participate in handwriting and writing activities through thematic units. Students will also continue to master weekly sight words and reading and comprehension strategies to grow as readers. All Common Core 2 LA standards are met in this course.Sample Description
Semester A During the first semester students will build fluency with basic math facts and add and subtract within 100 to solve word problems using strategic methods. Students will also manipulate numbers to 1000 using knowledge of hundreds, tens, and ones. Lastly, students with demonstrate arrays with repeated addition.

Semester B During the second semester students will use place value to add and subtract within 1000. They will use place value to estimate and solve word problems to demonstrate skills. Students will measure and compare length and represent it on a number line. They will work with money and time to compare value. Students will collect data and represented on graphs to discuss it. Lastly, they will recognize common 2 dimensional and 3 dimensional shapes by specific characteristics.Sample Description
Semester A Second Grade Science introduces students to the process of observation and how important it is to the study of science. Learners will identify their five senses and why they are critical to observation. Students will use these observation skills throughout the course as they examine many different types of animals and their environments. Students begin by observing ants in their own environments and continue onto learning the different types of birds. Students will come to understand plant and animal rhythms and will perform small experiments with plants. Stories will be used to teach the students about nature and interactions that humans have with nature. They will continue to learn about animals and their characteristics habitats, and needs. Students will learn through video, audio stories, hands-on participation and observation with nature. The teachers will conduct live assessments for the topics that had been covered throughout the week’s lessons. Grade 2 Science provides students with the opportunity to expand their minds and see for themselves the way that animals and nature are a part of their everyday lives.

Semester B Semester B of Second Grade Science begins with the students learning the characteristics of the Weaverbird and Swiftlet bird. Learners will come to understand the different groupings of animals including those with vertebrates, invertebrates and warm and cold blooded animals, carnivores, herbivores and omnivores. Learners will be asked to recall the five senses that they discussed at the beginning of the course and compare them to the senses of animals. They will also learn how animals communicate and the relationship between animals and humans. The course ends with the students taking a closer look at the characteristics of reptiles, insects, birds of prey, and fish. At the close of the course students will have a deeper understanding and appreciation of animals and their habitats.Sample Description
Semester A In second grade, students in this course will begin to explore the basic fundamentals of social studies including culture, geography, and economics. Students will explore the Ancient Cultures of China, Africa, and the Celts. Students will explore these cultures through ancient folk tales and fables. Learners will create a photo book that describes the significant events in their own life. They will also examine the importance of geography and direction. Students will learn how to locate boundaries while using a world map. Students will identify the places that were discussed in the previous lessons including Africa, China, and the British Isles. They will develop a rudimentary understanding of map symbols as they locate continents, the equator, and oceans. Students will also learn to identify on a road map where they live, rivers, mountain ranges and lakes nearby their homes. Learners will follow a step-by-step approach for successfully completing each lesson, which includes storytelling, repetition, projects, arts and crafts, and videos.

Semester B The second semester begins by introducing learners to economics and the role that money plays in every civilization. They will take a closer look at the economy of the Celtic people. Students learn the difference between natural, human, and capital resources. Learners will begin to understand the exchange of money for goods and services. They will gain a basic understanding of what scarcity is and why it is good that we do not always get everything that we want. Students will understand these concepts by drawing upon their understanding of the desires/wishes in their own lives. Students will also learn about desirable human qualities through the use of fables such as “The Boy Who Cried Wolf.” Learners will look at individuals who have made a difference in the greater community. Students will learn about Rosa Parks and Susan B. Anthony through short stories. The end of the course asks learners to examine the diversity of the community they live in. They will be asked to recognize the different types of people around them. Students should gain an appreciation for the differences around them and how having respect for others and being honest will contribute to society as a whole. Learners will follow a step-by-step approach for successfully completing each lesson, which includes storytelling, repetition, projects, arts and crafts, and videos.

Third Grade

During the first semester students will continue to build their vocabulary through the study of folktales, fables, myths, informational text, dramas, poems, and stories. They will recount stories and ask and answer questions to demonstrate their knowledge of text. They will compare and contract themes, setting and plots and distinguish their own point of view from that of the author of the text. Students will also gain information from illustrations and describe logical connections between sentence and paragraphs. They will also be introduced to writing in cursive.

During the second semester students will continue to apply phonics and grammar concepts with a focus on special vowel sounds, prefixes, and suffixes. Students will continue to build writing skills by responding to reading and utilizing a broadened vocabulary in authentic writing activities where they compare and contrast stories and use process writing to compose original work. They will read with accuracy and fluency to support comprehension as they solidify their understanding within context of the stories they read. By the end of the year, our third-grade student will read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts independently and proficiently. Students will report on a topic using descriptive details and speaking clearly and in complete sentences.Sample Description
Semester A During the first semester, students will build flexibility with numbers as they master addition and subtraction facts as well as multiplication and division facts. Students will understand relationships between addition and subtraction, multiplication and addition and multiplication and division as they learn to borrow, carry, and regroup in order to find sums and differences of two whole numbers. Students will also comprehend the place value of base ten numbers up to 1,000,000 in order to find patterns and make estimations. Students will be introduced to the concepts of fractions in terms of defining, comparing, and finding equivalent fractions. Lastly, they will implement a 5-step approach to solving word problems throughout the entire semester.

Semester B During the second semester, students will explore concepts of measurement including linear measurement, weight, volume, temperature, and time. They will also recognize, compare, and convert fractions. Students will write amounts of money and make change using as few coins as possible. Lastly, students will examine lines, polygons, and solid figures as they are introduced to basic concepts of geometry.Sample Description
Semester A Third grade science introduces students to experimentation as they journey through the earth and its many miracles. They will begin by learning about the earth, the sun and the moon. By participating in simple experiments students will explore the water cycle, gravity, the weather and it’s patterns, various types of terrain, and the role of plants in the production of oxygen and their importance to human survival. Learners will expand their knowledge through video, pictures, short readings, projects, and hands on experiments. Learners will understand that experiments require the use of instruments, observation, recording, and drawing evidence based conclusions. Grade 3 science provides students with the opportunity to expand their minds and see for themselves the way that science is a part of their everyday lives.

Semester B Semester B of third grade science begins with the students writing a poem about the seasonal cycles. The learners continue with root formation, the interdependence of plants and humans, biomes of land and sea, extreme weather, rocks, vertebrates and invertebrates, as well as extinction. All of these lessons are taught using video, projects, and experimentation. Semester B asks learners to look a bit deeper into things they encounter such as the ocean and weather.
Semester A In third grade, social studies students will begin to explore the basic fundamentals of social studies including geography, civics, and economics. Learners will begin by creating and labeling maps and looking at different types of landscapes. Students will also look at the first explorers of the Americas and learn about the beginning of the United States. They will take a close look at their own personal heritage by mapping their ancestry. The semester concludes with learning about citizenship and what it means to be a good citizen. Learners will follow a step-by-step approach for successfully completing each lesson, which includes storytelling, repetition, projects, arts and crafts, and videos.

Semester B The second semester begins with introducing learners to the need for laws and government as well as governmental structures. Continuing in the semester, students will learn about money including how to save money as well as budgeting money. The semester concludes with an in-depth focus on economics.

Fourth Grade

Semester A The 4th grade Language Arts curriculum integrates reading, writing, speaking, listening, and the study of vocabulary and grammar in a way that engages today’s learners and supports them in building a broad and diverse set of literacy skills. Students study classic literature as well as more contemporary forms, including media and multimedia products. Writing assignments in semester A focus on narrative and persuasive modes and emphasize the use of reasoning and details to support opinions. Each writing assignment spans several lessons and guides students through a writing process that begins with prewriting and ends by emphasizing one or more aspects of conventions of standard written English. Students also learn how to participate in collaborative discussion and peer review sessions. In each lesson, engaging and relevant models and step-by-step instruction guide students toward mastery and appreciation of 21st century communication in all its forms and functions.

Semester B Like semester A, semester B provides an integrated curriculum. Whereas the first semester focuses on skills needed to read fiction and other literary prose, semester B teaches specific skills for reading poetry, drama, informational text. In the second semester of the course, students learn how informational text differs from literary text and how different forms of information text differ from each other. Writing assignments emphasize expository writing and guide students through research projects. Near the end of the semester, students learn how to present information orally and using multimedia.
Sample Description
Semester A Grade 4 Science includes the three main domains of science which are physical, life, and earth and space science. Learners will use various kinds of experimenting, including field studies, systematic observations, models, and controlled experiences. The course begins with the explanation of the scientific method which the students continue to use and build upon throughout the course. The big picture of the earth is examined as students review the life on planet earth, salt and fresh water, and fast and slow changes that occur on the planet. Students go beyond planet earth, though, as they study galaxies, the solar system and other planets. Students examine the ways that forces and motion can be measured and the concept that a single kind of matter can exist as a solid, liquid or gas. Grade 4 science uses many modes of instruction including video presentations, enrichment activities, and hands-on experimentation.

Semester B Semester B of Grade 4 Science focuses on the relationship between heat, light, sound, and electrical energy and the way they can be transferred between each other. Learners distinguish between natural objects and objects made by humans as they examine technology and the role it plays in science. Students also look at life cycles of animals, plants, and humans and how they interact with each other. The course ends by looking at the ways that humans interact with the environment. Students will use research skills, watch videos, and get their hands dirty as they complete projects that require them to dig through dirt and trash in order to learn broader lessons that have to do with helping the environment.
Semester A In Semester A of Social Studies 4, students will explore the early development of the United States. Students will explore the early Native Americans and interactions with early European Settlers and the establishment of the American colonies and early American government. Students will learn about important documents in the founding of the United States and the establishment of rules and laws that has led to the formation of the federal and state governments as we know them today. Students will have the opportunity to explore their own state government and learn more about the rules and regulations that govern where they live.

Semester B In Semester B of Social Studies 4, students will expand on their learning from Semester B, and work their way through American History to post-WWII and science and inventions that started shaping the modern-day United States. Various concepts including economics, the environment, and American geography will be explored to give students a better idea of all the facets that shape American lives today.

Fifth Grade

Semester A The 5th grade Language Arts curriculum integrates reading, writing, speaking, listening, and the study of vocabulary and grammar in a way that engages today’s learners and supports them in building a broad and diverse set of literacy skills. Students study classic literature as well as more contemporary forms, including media and multimedia products. Writing assignments in semester A focus on narrative and persuasive modes and emphasize the use of reasoning and details to support opinions. Each writing assignment spans several lessons and guides students through a writing process that begins with prewriting and ends by emphasizing one or more aspects of conventions of standard written English. Students also learn how to participate in collaborative discussion and peer review sessions. In each lesson, engaging and relevant models and step-by-step instruction guide students toward mastery and appreciation of 21st century communication in all its forms and functions.

Semester B Like semester A, semester B provides an integrated curriculum. Whereas the first semester focuses on skills needed to literary text, semester B focuses on skills for reading and analyzing informational text. In the second semester of the course, students learn how informational text differs from literary text and how different forms of information text differ from each other. Writing assignments emphasize expository writing and guide students through research projects. Near the end of the semester, students learn how to present information orally and using multimedia.
Semester A Students will learn math topics outlined in this course drawing from a variety of sources, including hands-on activities, interactive lessons, and practical math applications. Students will focus on several critical areas including but not limited to developing fluency with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions. They will also learn to extend division to 2-digit divisors, integrate decimal fractions into the place value system, and increase an understanding of operations with decimals to hundredths. They will develop a fluency with whole numbers and decimal operations. The semester begins with operations and expressions, moves into decimals and money, and ends with more work on fractions. Learners will gain valuable skills as they carry out activities that model real life situations like grocery shopping throughout the semester.

Semester B Semester B begins with students continuing to work with fractions. The first lesson focuses on ratios and challenges students to solve word problems using fractions and ratios in practical life situations. Learners continue to strengthen their math skills by studying mixed and fraction products, and fraction application, models, and division. The third critical area that students will focus on in Grade 5 Math is volume. Students will receive lessons in measurement of length, weight, and volume. They will end the course with a focus on geometry. Varied types of instruction are used to enhance their learning, including video and real life applications, activities, and creative projects.
Semester A Grade 5 Science continues to build on the science skills that have been obtained in years previous. There will be an emphasis on earth and space science, life science, and physical science. Students will begin the course by focusing on earth and space science by looking at the solar system and planets. Students will come to an understanding of the concept of the earth as a sphere and the earth’s place in the solar system. The course continues with a focus on physical science and the different tools that can measure force, time, and distance. They will also grow in their understanding of how light and sound travel and interact with each other as well as the different types of energy. The semester concludes with a look into life science and the ways that organisms are interconnected. Instruction will include real life application, hands-on projects and assessments, and video and short research projects.

Semester B Semester B puts great emphasis on life science and begins by focusing on the many ecosystems of the earth and the way that all parts of ecosystems depend on each other. Students will learn the different types of ecosystems that exist. They will learn that ecosystems change and how the changes affect their ability to support their populations. Learners will examine plants; that they have different structures and how those structures allow them to respond to different needs. Students will also grow in their understanding of the importance of good nutrition to all living organisms. The course concludes with a look into the scientific process and the importance of investigations and conclusions in the study of science. Instruction will include real life application, hands-on projects and assessments, and video and short research projects.
Semester A Grade 5 Social Studies combines the study of United States History through the Civil War with a geographical exploration of the Unites States and what it has to offer. Students will use their understanding of social studies skills and concepts as they study the development of the United States. The first semester begins with early settlements of North America and allows learners to take an in-depth look into what life was like for colonists and Native Americans. Students will come to understand the causes of the Revolutionary War and the people that played a significant role in it. The semester ends with students examining the new nation and what life was like for European immigrants and those on the frontier. Students will learn through the use of video, journaling, and varied types of creative instruction.

Semester B Semester B begins with an exploration of the west and what life was like for those looking to find gold. Learners will then look at slavery and what lead to the Civil War. The course then takes a departure from American history and takes a more in-depth look into cultures, people, and the geography of the United States from past to present. Learners will have the opportunity to explore the country region by region and come to appreciate all that it has to offer. Students will conclude the course by planning and describing a trip they would like to take to a particular place within the 50 United States. Students will take a hands-on approach as they get to know the geography, climate and culture of their country. Video, creative projects involving technology, journaling, and varied assessments will be used throughout the course.

Health & PE

Elementary Health K-1 helps young learners establish a basic understanding of the aspects of health. Students focus on the various aspects of their health and how they can make healthy choices. Topics of study include personal safety, healthy behaviors, nutrition, communication, disease prevention, basic anatomy and physiology, and values of cooperation and teamwork.
Elementary Health 2-3 helps young learners establish a basic understanding of the aspects of health. Students focus on the various aspects of their health and how they can make healthy choices. Topics of study include personal safety, healthy behaviors, nutrition, disease prevention, conflict resolution, basic anatomy and physiology, and the values of respect and cooperation.
Elementary Health 4-5 helps young learners establish a basic understanding of the aspects of health. Students focus on the various aspects of their health and how they can make healthy choices. Topics of study include personal safety, reducing illness, avoiding bullying, nutrition, healthy friendships, emergency situations, and the human body. Fourth grade will study the functioning systems of the body. Fifth grade will be covering the reproductive system, puberty and STDs.
Elementary PE K-1 helps young learners establish a basic understanding of health and fitness. Students focus on health-related fitness and learn how to become more fit and healthy. Topics of study include exercise safety, making healthy choices, nutrition, the benefits, components, and principles of fitness, basic anatomy and physiology, and values of cooperation and teamwork. In addition, students learn age-appropriate motor, non-locomotor, and manipulative skills. Students are required to participate in regular physical activity
Elementary PE 2-3 helps young learners establish a basic understanding of health and fitness. Students focus on health-related fitness and learn how to become more fit and healthy. Topics of study include warm-up and cool down, water safety, goal setting, nutrition, muscle strength and flexibility. In addition, students learn age-appropriate motor, non-locomotor, and manipulative skills. Students are required to participate in regular physical activity.
Elementary PE 4-5 helps young learners establish a basic understanding of health and fitness. Students focus on health-related fitness and learn how to become more fit and healthy. Topics of study include warm-up and cool down, water safety, goal setting, nutrition, muscle strength and flexibility. In addition, students learn age-appropriate motor, non-locomotor, and manipulative skills. Students are required to participate in regular physical activity.

Art & Music

Art Development Levels 1 - 4

Length: 1 Semester

The importance of fine arts is a benefit, not just to the older student and population, but is a necessary area of development for the young student who will benefit with it in all areas of education. Art provides an opportunity for children to develop the use of their senses directly and encourages the student to further develop what they already know as a source of knowledge and creativity.

It is important for the student to make a connection between the verbal and visual; logic and emotions; imagination and reality. Art offers the student an opportunity to express feelings and emotions in their drawings and with color. The fine art program promotes self-esteem and self-awareness as it enhances personal fulfillment. Children have a wonderful imagination that, if encouraged, will be needed though out their life. This program provides an opportunity for self-discipline through instruction and cooperation while providing the student with an opportunity for self-expression by using imaginative thinking for creative solutions. Again, this is a necessity in lifetime experiences.

The student will see the artistic expressions and inventions from cultures around the world that are part of the history of mankind and development. Modern media provides many opportunities to the student. However, the student has the benefit to experience it more closely in art classes.

Repetition, important for young children, is evident in these lessons. Repetition is provided at different age levels while using various tools and mediums.

Home, family and friends, pets, and toys are the young student’s world. The student will begin with their personal world as they think they know it, and discover so much more about it. These lessons provide a deeper awareness of the world immediately around them, and eventually their journey will grow from there.

Each student is an individual with unique ideas and talents. Our goal is to provide each student an opportunity for personal growth for themselves and the world in which we live.
Kindergarten Arts and Crafts

Semester A
This course provides a foundation for children’s inherent artistic imagination and creativity by sharing the basics of art and making art. Students are introduced to lines, circles, recognizing and using shapes, creating a collage and concepts such as symmetry. Young artists will also explore a variety of media such as pastels, watercolors, crayons, tempera, and pencil drawing. A particular emphasis on this course is on creating works of art. In this semester students will work with clay, draw with pastels, make fingerprint flowers, draw barns and animals using shapes and recognizing lines using the student’s name.

Semester B
Emphasis in the second semester students will be placed on applying what the students have learned to make more detailed works of art. Among the projects this semester students will be creating a bird feeder, make pig puppets, craft paper flowers, make potpourri, craft a heart collage, construct a wind chime, and press flowers.


1st Grade Arts and Crafts

Semester A
This course provides a foundation for children’s’ inherent artistic imagination and creativity by sharing the basics of art and making art. Students are introduced to primary colors, the color wheel, shapes such as lines and circles, and concepts such as symmetry. Young artists will also explore a variety of media such as pastels, watercolors, crayons , tempera, and pencil drawing. A particular emphasis on this course is on creating works of art. In this semester students will work create a watercolor tree, use a printing block, produce weather painting, and produce a watercolor painting.

Semester B
Emphasis in the second semester students will be placed on applying what the students have learned to make more detailed works of art. In this semester students will be creating colorful calendars, stenciling, fashioning intricate flower drawings, revisiting symmetrical objects, and mixing colors. This course will provide students with opportunities to experience many different forms of arts and to express their imagination while learning valuable skills. Each student is an individual with unique ideas and talents. Our goal is to provide each student an opportunity for personal growth for themselves and the world in which we live.


2nd Grade Arts and Crafts

Semester A
Art provides an opportunity for children to develop the use of their senses directly and encourages the student to further develop what they already know as a source of knowledge and creativity. Art offers the student an opportunity to express feelings and emotions in their drawings and with color. Arts and Crafts promote self-esteem and self-awareness as it enhances personal fulfillment. Children have a wonderful imagination that, if encouraged, will be needed though out their life. This course provides an opportunity for self-discipline through instruction and cooperation while providing the student with an opportunity for self-expression by using imaginative thinking for creative solutions. Learners will begin the course by creating a color wheel and understanding the difference between primary, secondary, and complimentary colors. Learners will use watercolors to create a value chart and begin to understand symmetry in art. At the end of the semester students will work with clay and create a Memorial Clay.

Semester B
In semester B of Arts and Crafts, students will continue to explore their creativity while also learning ways that art can be functional and add to objects and materials that we use on an everyday basis. Students will begin the semester by creating a 12 month calendar. The students will focus on new month each week. They will also be able to pick a different clay project each week from The Book of Nature Crafts and/or Clay Fun. Once students have completed the calendar project they will begin to work on form drawing and make a seasonal chart using objects familiar with each of the four seasons. The course concludes with students working with wet crayons and wet paper. This course will provide students with opportunities to experience many different forms of arts and to express their imagination while learning valuable skills. Each student is an individual with unique ideas and talents. Our goal is to provide each student an opportunity for personal growth for themselves and the world in which we live.
Elementary Music - Recorders Level 1

Length: 1 semester

This course combines music and performing arts. Students will experience and learn new songs and perform them using their bodies. In addition, the student will begin learning how to play the recorder.

K-5 Technology

The keyboarding course is appropriate for elementary and middle school students. The curriculum introduces new keys by rows where students first learn the middle row, then the top row and the bottom row of the keyboard. The content is designed with a strong focus on sight and high frequency words. This course assumes no keyboarding experience and will guide them through the keyboard.
Scratch is a program developed by MIT teaching students the basics on how computers think! This program will introduce students to real coding programs and allow them to drag and drop coding blocks creating a fully functional program. The simple user interface and tutorials allow students to quickly create and run their code to see its results! This course assumes no prior computer coding knowledge and includes self-graded multiple-choice tests and quizzes.

MS English

English 6 delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to build students' communication and reading comprehension skills. Reading comprehension lessons strengthen students' critical analysis skills as they study how nonfiction and literature can be used to share ideas. Writing lessons combine free-response exercises with drafting strategies and exemplars to help students communicate clearly and credibly in narrative, argumentative, and informational styles. To develop skills specific to public discourse, speaking and listening lessons guide students as they evaluate one another's speeches and adjust to new audiences and situations. In language lessons, students build foundational grammar skills they need to articulate their ideas and understand challenging words.
English 7 delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to build students' communication and reading comprehension skills. Reading comprehension lessons strengthen students' critical analysis skills as they study how nonfiction and literature can be used to share ideas. Writing lessons combine free-response exercises with drafting strategies and exemplars to help students communicate clearly and credibly in narrative, argumentative, and informational styles. To develop skills specific to public discourse, speaking and listening lessons guide students as they evaluate one another's speeches and adjust to new audiences and situations. In language lessons, students build foundational grammar skills they need to articulate their ideas and understand challenging words.
English 8 delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to build students' communication and reading comprehension skills. Reading comprehension lessons strengthen students' critical analysis skills as they study how nonfiction and literature can be used to share ideas. Writing lessons combine free-response exercises with drafting strategies and exemplars to help students communicate clearly and credibly in narrative, argumentative, and informational styles. To develop skills specific to public discourse, speaking and listening lessons guide students as they evaluate one another's speeches and adjust to new audiences and situations. In language lessons, students build foundational grammar skills they need to articulate their ideas and understand challenging words.
English Foundations I supports adolescent literacy development at the critical stage between decoding and making meaning from text. Through intensive reading and writing skills instruction, deep practice sets, consistent formative feedback, graduated reading levels, and helpful strategy tips, the course leads students to improved comprehension and text handling.
Semester 1 provides instruction in basic reading skills and vocabulary building. The student learns what a successful reader does to attack words and sentences and make meaning from them. Semester 2 provides instruction in basic writing skills, introduces academic tools, and demonstrates effective study skills. The student learns step-by-step processes for building effective paragraphs and learns how to use academic tools such as reference books and outlines. To provide additional support, the course uses text features and visual clues to draw students' attention to important information. The use of text features is also designed to help students internalize strategies for comprehending informational text.
Characters appear throughout the instruction to offer tips and fix-up strategies in an authentic, first-person, think-aloud format. Their inclusion makes transparent the reading processes that go on inside the mind of a successful reader. This extra metacognitive support serves to bolster student confidence and provide a model of process and perseverance.
Numerous practice opportunities are provided in the form of assessments that move from no stakes to low stakes to high stakes throughout a unit. This practice is centered on authentic and age-appropriate passages that are written in a topical framework and use controlled syntax and vocabulary. The difficulty of these passages gradually increases from a 3rd- to 5th grade reading level over the duration of the course. Additional support is offered through significant formative feedback in practice and assessment.
This course guides students through the reading, writing, and basic academic skills needed to prepare for success in academic coursework. At the end of the course, the student should be poised for continued success in the academic world. The content is based on extensive national and state standards research and consultation with reading specialists and classroom teachers. This course is built to state standards for reading and writing and informed by NCTE/IRA reading and writing standards.
English Foundations II offers a year of skill building and strategy development in reading and writing. Semester one is a reading program designed to help struggling readers develop mastery in the areas of reading comprehension, vocabulary building, study skills, and media literacy. Semester two is a writing program which builds confidence in composition fundamentals by focusing on the areas of composing, grammar, style, and media literacy. Both semesters are structured around ten mini-units which offer interactive instruction and guided practice in each of the four learning strands. Students read for a variety of purposes and write for a variety of audiences. The workshops stress high interest, engaging use of technology, relevant topics, and robustly scaffolded practice. Students learn to use different types of graphic organizers as they develop and internalize reading and writing process strategies. They build confidence as they develop skills and experience success on numerous low stakes assessments that encourage growth and reinforce learning.
The reading component of the course is built to state standards and informed by the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), International Reading Association (IRA), National Reading Program (NRP), and McREL, standards. The writing component of the course is built to state standards and informed by the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) standards.

MS Mathematics

Math 6 delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to develop computational fluency, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical practices. Course topics include ratios and rates, fraction and decimal operations, and signed numbers. Students continue to build their algebra skills by plotting points in all four quadrants of the coordinate plane and solving equations and inequalities. Geometry topics include area, surface area, and volume, and statistical work features measures of center and variability, box plots, dot plots, and histograms.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with three to five lessons. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments. By constantly honing the ability to apply their knowledge in abstract and real-world scenarios, students build the depth of knowledge and higher-order skills required to demonstrate their mastery when put to the test.
Math 7 delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to develop computational fluency, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical practices. Throughout the course, students gain a deep understanding of proportions and their use in solving problems. They extend their fluency with operations on rational numbers and translate among different forms of rational numbers. Algebra topics include simplifying and rewriting algebraic expressions and solving more complex equations and inequalities. Students also sketch geometric figures and explore scale drawings, investigate circle properties and angle relationships, and deepen their understanding of area, volume, and surface area. They see how statistics uses sample data to make predictions about populations and compare data from different data sets. Students gain a fundamental understanding of probability and explore different ways to find or estimate probabilities.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with three to five lessons. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments. By constantly honing the ability to apply their knowledge in abstract and real-world scenarios, students build the depth of knowledge and higher-order skills required to demonstrate their mastery when put to the test.
Math 8 delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to develop computational fluency, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical practices. In this course, students focus on understanding functions — what they are, how to represent them in different ways, and how to write them to model mathematical and real-world situations. In particular, students investigate linear functions by learning about slope and slope-intercept form. Students' understanding of linear functions is extended to statistics, where they make scatter plots and use linear functions to model data. They solve linear equations and equations involving roots, and explore systems of linear equations. Additional topics include exponents, powers of ten, scientific notation, and irrational numbers. Students learn about transformations, and extend that understanding to an investigation of congruence and similarity. Other geometric concepts explored include the Pythagorean theorem, angle relationships, and volumes of cylinders, cones, and spheres.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with three to five lessons. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments. By constantly honing the ability to apply their knowledge in abstract and real-world scenarios, students build the depth of knowledge and higher-order skills required to demonstrate their mastery when put to the test.
Introductory Algebra provides a curriculum focused on foundational concepts that prepare students for success in Algebra I. Through a "Discovery-Confirmation-Practice"-based exploration of basic concepts, students are challenged to work toward a mastery of computational skills, to deepen their understanding of key ideas and solution strategies, and to extend their knowledge through a variety of problem-solving applications.
Course topics include integers; the language of algebra; solving equations with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division; fractions and decimals; measurement; exponents; solving equations with roots and powers; multi-step equations; and linear equations.
Within each Introductory Algebra lesson, students are supplied with a scaffolded note-taking guide, called a Study Sheet, as well as a post-study Checkup activity that provides them the opportunity to hone their computational skills by working through a low-stakes, 10-question problem set before starting formal assessment. Unit-level Introductory Algebra assessments include a computer-scored test and a scaffolded, teacher-scored test.
Algebra I builds students' command of linear, quadratic, and exponential relationships. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.
Course topics include problem-solving with basic equations and formulas; an introduction to functions and problem solving; linear equations and systems of linear equations; exponents and exponential functions; sequences and functions; descriptive statistics; polynomials and factoring; quadratic equations and functions; and function transformations and inverses.
This course supports students as they develop computational fluency, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical knowledge. Students discover new concepts through guided instruction and confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment.
A variety of activities allow for students to think mathematically in a variety of scenarios and tasks. In Discussions, students exchange and explain their mathematical ideas. Modeling activities ask them to analyze real-world scenarios and mathematical concepts. Journaling activities have students reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. And in Performance Tasks, students synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios, make sense of multifaceted problems, and persevere in solving them.
Geometry builds upon students' command of geometric relationships and formulating mathematical arguments. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.
Course topics include reasoning, proof, and the creation of sound mathematical arguments; points, lines, and angles; triangles and trigonometry; quadrilaterals and other polygons; circles; congruence, similarity, transformations, and constructions; coordinate geometry; three-dimensional solids; and applications of probability.
This course supports all students as they develop computational fluency and deepen conceptual understanding. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, and then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. Journaling activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them.
Math Foundations I offers a structured remediation solution based on the NCTM Curricular Focal Points and is designed to expedite student progress in acquiring 3rd- to 5th-grade skills. The course is appropriate for use as remediation for students in grades 6 to 12. When used in combination, Math Foundations I and Math Foundations II (covering grades 6 to 8) effectively remediate computational skills and conceptual understanding needed to undertake high school–level math courses with confidence.
Math Foundations I empowers students to progress at their optimum pace through over 80 semester hours of interactive instruction and assessment spanning 3rd- to 5th-grade math skills. Carefully paced, guided instruction is accompanied by interactive practice that is engaging and accessible. Formative assessments help students to understand areas of weakness and improve performance, while summative assessments chart progress and skill development. Early in the course, students develop general strategies for honing their problem-solving skills. Subsequent units provide a problem-solving strand that asks students to practice applying specific math skills to a variety of real-world contexts.
Based on the NCTM Curricular Focal Points, Math Foundations II is designed to expedite student progress in acquiring 6th- to 8th-grade skills. The course is appropriate for use as remediation at the high school level or as middle school curriculum. The program simultaneously builds the computational skills and conceptual understanding needed to undertake high school-level math courses with confidence.
The course's carefully paced, guided instruction is accompanied by interactive practice that is engaging and accessible. Formative assessments help students to understand areas of weakness and improve performance, while summative assessments chart progress and skill development. Early in the course, students develop general strategies for honing their problem-solving skills. Subsequent units provide a problem-solving strand that asks students to practice applying specific math skills to a variety of real-world contexts.

MS Science

Middle School Grade 6 Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts such as the flow of energy and matter through both living and nonliving systems, including Earth's systems; Earth's weather and climate; the interaction between humans and the environment; the relationship between structure and function; and growth, development, and reproduction in organisms.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.

Middle School Earth and Space Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts including Earth's systems, engineering design, the nature of the universe, and the interaction between humans and the environment.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Middle School Grade 7 Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts such as the structures and properties of matter; chemical reactions; the flow of energy through systems, including Earth's living and nonliving systems; and the history of Earth.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.

Middle School Life Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts including the relationship between structure and function, the flow of energy and matter through living systems, heredity, and the diversity of life.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Middle School Grade 8 Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts such as waves and electromagnetic radiation, energy and forces on Earth and in space, genetics and natural selection, and engineering design.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.

Middle School Physical Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts including the interactions of matter; motion and stability; waves and their technological applications; and energy.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Middle School Earth and Space Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts including Earth's systems, engineering design, the nature of the universe, and the interaction between humans and the environment.

The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Middle School Life Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts including the relationship between structure and function, the flow of energy and matter through living systems, heredity, and the diversity of life.

The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Middle School Physical Science delivers instruction, practice, and review to help students develop scientific literacy, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply scientific practices. Students explore concepts including the interactions of matter; motion and stability; waves and their technological applications; and energy.

The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with two to three lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas accessible to students as they discover the nature of science through focused content, interactive mini-investigations, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.

MS History

Middle School World History delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to build middle school students' knowledge of world history, from the Neolithic Revolution through the Middle Ages. By constantly honing their ability to analyze history, students build the depth of knowledge and higher-order thinking skills required to demonstrate their mastery when put to the test.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with three to five lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas about world history accessible through focused content, guided analysis, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Middle School U.S. History delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to build middle school students' knowledge of U.S. history, from the peopling of North America through the era of Reconstruction. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content. By constantly honing their ability to analyze history, students build the depth of knowledge and higher-order thinking skills required to demonstrate their mastery when put to the test.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with three to five lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas about U.S. history accessible through focused content, guided analysis, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Middle School Civics delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to build middle school students' understanding of the political and governmental systems of the United States and the roles played by citizens. By honing their ability to analyze civic life, political practices, and government structures, students build the depth of knowledge and higher-order thinking skills required to demonstrate their mastery when put to the test.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with three to five lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas about civics accessible through focused content, guided analysis, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Middle School Contemporary World delivers instruction, practice, and review designed to build middle school students' knowledge of contemporary world geography, cultures, civics, and economics. By honing their ability to analyze the physical, social, and political forces that shape our world, students build the depth of knowledge and higher-order thinking skills required to demonstrate their mastery when put to the test.
The two-semester course is arranged in themed units, each with three to six lessons. In each unit, activities make complex ideas about the modern world accessible through focused content, guided analysis, multi-modal representations, and personalized feedback. Each lesson includes a variety of activities such as direct instruction, application of skills, performance tasks, and formative and summative assessments. Students engage with the subject matter in an interactive, feedback-rich environment as they progress through standards-aligned content and demonstrate their learning through computer- and teacher-scored assignments.
Coming Soon
In this one semester exploratory course, students will get an overview of both physical and human geography. To start their studies students will define and describe the five themes of geography: location, place, region, human-environment interaction, and movement. The students will explore each of the major regions of the world–the Americas, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Central and Eastern Asia, and Southern Asia and Oceana—while focusing on these five themes.

MS World Languages

MS Spanish 1
Spanish 1, Semester A, is an introduction to Spanish language and culture. Students learn to start with the basics of greetings and basic conversation, working to incorporate ideas from their life and experiences in Spanish conversation. This will be accomplished through written and verbal expression of the Spanish language. Building upon Semester A, Spanish 1 Semester B expands to asking questions and conversational Spanish throughout one’s neighborhood and daily life. Through real-life scenarios and learning examples, students will describe situations, in Spanish, both verbally and written.

MS Spanish 2
Students build upon the foundation developed in Spanish 1. They continue to build vocabulary, learn new verb tenses and other grammar concepts, and they increase their ability to communicate with others. They learn new concepts, like reflexive verbs, infinitive expressions, commands, the imperfect tense. Semester B will continue building on vocabulary, grammar concepts and communicating effectively in the target language. You will explore new countries where Spanish is spoken and continue to keep abreast of current events in the Spanish-speaking world.
MS French 1
French 1 focuses on developing listening skills by repeated exposure to the spoken language. Speaking skills are encouraged through recommended assignments using voice tools. Reading and writing skills, as well as language structures, are practiced through meaningful, real-life contexts. The use of technology enhances and reinforces authentic language development and fosters cultural understandings through exposure to native speakers and their daily routines.

MS French 2
Semester A
Semester A focuses on the continuation and enhancement of language skills presented in Level 1. Vocabulary and grammar structures are revisited and expanded to provide students an opportunity to move towards an intermediate comprehension level. Speaking and listening skills are enhanced through recommended real-life voice activities. Listening skills are honed through online dialogues. Reading and writing skills are developed through access to completion of meaningful activities, reading of culturally-related articles of interest and responding to reading in the target language. The use of technology enhances and reinforces authentic language development and fosters cultural understandings through exposure to native speakers and their daily routines.

Semester B
Semester B continues the enhancement of language skills. Vocabulary and grammar structures are revisited and expanded as students explore other French-speaking areas. Speaking and listening skills are enhanced through recommended real-life voice activities. Listening skills are honed through online dialogues. Reading and writing skills are developed through access to completion of meaningful activities related to travel, to the Olympics, to natural disasters, and to the space program. Reading of culturally related articles of interest and responding to reading in the target language, along with the use of technology, reinforces authentic language development and fosters cultural understandings through exposure to native speakers and their daily routines.

MS Health and Physical Education

Our middle school health courses will help the student understand the importance of making decisions that will affect his or her physical, emotional, mental and social health. This course will provide students with the knowledge and resources they will need to make responsible informed decisions about their health. Students will have an opportunity to evaluate their own values, opinions and attitudes about health.
To improve and maintain optimum health, it is necessary for people of all ages to participate in physical exercise. There is little doubt that, in addition to students in schools, the number of adults participating in sports and recreational activities in the United States has increased in recent years. Physical education is much more than just fitness and exercise. A well-planned program will cause you to think and express your emotions about different situations. In addition, a good program can make a valuable contribution to your education. These experiences will help you develop a sense of wellness. Emphasis in this course is placed on the value of these sports as possible lifetime activities and on creating a clear explanation of the rules and basic principles of a variety of sports. The sports covered in this course are archery, bicycling, golf, skiing, tennis, volleyball, baseball, basketball, football, hockey, and soccer. Information about the playing area and equipment, basic rules, safety considerations, and terminology for each sport are included in the discussions. For the most part, the information presented in each lesson applies to sports programs throughout most sections of the United States.

MS Electives

Art Appreciation
What makes an artwork a masterpiece? Why do artists create art? What is the difference between Rococo and Art Nouveau? In this course, students will discover the answers to these questions and more. We examine the elements of art and principles of design, and explore how artists have used these elements and principles in the creation of art for centuries.

Basic Drawing
In Drawing, students will experiment with several different art materials and tools to see what each tool can do best. Students will explore ordinary things around them to become more observant of the structures and meanings of things which can be seen in your their home and community. Your work will be your own study of the forms, textures, movements, and patterns of the things that you see every day.
Each project and each lesson is based on the one before it; so always do the lessons in the order they are given. Be sure to follow the directions exactly regarding which materials, sizes, and subject matter to use for each project. Each lesson will be a study of a new way of drawing. The examples given will show only the method and materials to be used, never the same subject or size as the project assigned. The examples are never to be copied. An example will only show one way of using the technique described.
By becoming more observant, by experimenting with new materials, and by exploring a variety of methods, students will continue to grow in artistic skill and enjoyment. Beyond fundamental skills are various levels of creativity. Each lesson provides room for expressing the technical skill learned in a unique, creative way.

Beginning Painting
This course introduces students to classical and contemporary painting, techniques and concepts, with emphasis on the understanding of its formal language and the fundamentals of artistic expression. Painting from still life, landscape, and life models from observation will be geared towards realism; at the same time, various other painting styles could be explored. Color theory, linear perspective, compositional structure, figure/ground relationships, visual perception, spatial concepts, and critical thinking skills will all be emphasized. Students will study and research major painting styles and movements in historical context. The hope is that students will use this global approach to develop a “critical eye” in evaluation of contemporary painting. Acrylic and watercolors are the mediums used in this class. The main emphasis of this course is to encourage and nourish individuality and creativity.

Music Appreciation
In this one semester class, students will gain a thorough understanding of music by studying the elements of music, musical instruments, and music history, as well as music advocacy. Students will be introduced to the orchestra and composers from around the world. They will be required to be a composer, performer, instrument inventor, and advocate.
Computer Basics
In this one semester course you will learn how to use productivity and collaboration tools, such as G Suite by Google Cloud to create word processing documents, spreadsheets, surveys and forms such as personal budgets and invitations.

Digital Savvy A & B
Digital Savvy is a one-year (two-semester) course covering required topics in most introductory “Information Technology” classes. Students should have minimal computer usage skills (e.g. keyboarding, mouse, and operating system navigation) prior to starting this course.
The course material is designed to appeal to a variety of students, from traditional learners who thrive on written text to audio-visual students who enjoy a multi-media format. All content is delivered through an online system that allows students to work seamlessly both in the classroom and at home. Every chapter contains one or more hands-on activities that allow students to practice and demonstrate understanding of the lesson topics. A Windows or Mac OS computer is required for completion of the hands-on activities.

Java Script Game Design
This one semester course will teach students JavaScript through coding multiple computer games including, pong, fish, a platformer and tower defense! They then will code or customize their own game! Students will be writing all the code themselves from going through the individual lessons and watching the video reviews. They will learn about variables, functions, listening events, loops, arrays and objects. This course assumes no coding experience and includes self graded quizzes and tests. Students will also upload their work at the conclusion of each project while creating an online portfolio.

Keyboarding
The one semester keyboarding course is appropriate for elementary and middle school students. The curriculum introduces new keys by rows where students first learn the middle row, then the top row and the bottom row of the keyboard. The content is designed with a strong focus on sight and high frequency words. This course assumes no keyboarding experience and will guide them through the keyboard.

Python Multiplayer Adventures
Python is a powerful language designed to do just about anything! This one semester course allows students to learn Python by first completing a text based console game and then turning it into a multiplayer adventure! Students will not only learn Python from going through the individual lessons and video reviews but also understand a client server relationship. They will get to code in their own python web server that allows connections through a browser. Students will gain experience using variables, classes, functions, lists, dictionaries, generators and proper Python formatting. Our Python online course is great for anyone interested in preparing themselves for future coding classes. This course assumes no coding experience and includes self graded quizzes and tests.

Scratch Coding
Scratch is a program developed by MIT teaching students the basics on how computers think! This one semester class will introduce students to real coding programs and allow them to drag and drop coding blocks creating a fully functional program. The simple user interface and tutorials allow students to quickly create and run their code to see its results! This course assumes no prior computer coding knowledge and includes self-graded multiple-choice tests and quizzes.
Character Education
This one semester course teaches students practical skills for understanding and managing their emotions, setting goals and getting organized, understanding and getting along with others in our diverse world, and making good decisions. Research shows that people who practice these skills have greater academic achievement as students and experience more success and satisfaction as adults.

Study Skills
The one semester Study Skills and Strategies course equips students with skills and understandings critical to effective learning. Using a unique approach to the traditional topic of study skills, this course weaves understanding regarding the role of the brain in learning into the instruction of discrete learning skills and strategies. Moving beyond a list of good tips and ideas, the Study Skills and Strategies course will challenge students to develop intentional approaches to learning. They will be required to make connections between the strategies and skills they learn in this course and the implementation of those strategies and skills in their other coursework. Upon completion of the course, students will have learned a variety of specific learning skills and strategies, gained greater understanding of their own learning preferences, and become prepared to develop and implement specific learning and study plans for any academic course or other learning needs.

English

  • English 9 or English 1
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • English 9 introduces students to informational and literary genres. Students investigate the elements of nonfiction and literature through the critical analysis of texts that range from essays, speeches, articles and historical documents to a novel, a play, poetry and short stories. As they develop writing skills and respond to theses, students learn to formulate arguments and use textual evidence to support their position. Throughout the course, students learn to engage with a variety of media types through which they process and synthesize information, discuss material, create presentations, and share their work.
 
  • English 10 or English 2
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • The focus of the English 10 course is the writing process. Three writing applications guide the curriculum: persuasive, expository, and narrative writing. Each lesson culminates in a written assignment that lets students demonstrate their developing skill in one of these applications.English 10 follows the model of English 9 by including at least one anchor text per lesson, but the essays, articles, stories, poems, and speeches are often presented as models for students to emulate as they practice their own writing. So that these readings may serve as proper examples for students, a high proportion of texts for this course are original pieces.English 10 also continues to develop students' reading, listening, and speaking skills. Readings include poems, stories, speeches, plays, and a graphic novel, as well as a variety of informational texts. The readings represent a wide variety of purposes and cultural perspectives, ranging from the Indian epic The Ramayana to accounts of Hurricane Katrina told through different media. Audio and video presentations enhance students' awareness and command of rhetorical techniques and increase their understanding of writing for different audiences.
 
  • English 10 Honors
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • The focus of English 10 Honors is the writing process. Three forms of writing guide the curriculum: persuasive, expository, and narrative writing. A typical lesson culminates in a written assignment that lets students demonstrate their developing skill in one of these forms.English 10 Honors includes at least one anchor text per lesson focused on a thematic core of the capacity of language to influence others. Readings include poems, stories, speeches, plays, and a graphic novel, as well as a variety of informational texts, and these texts are often presented as models for students to emulate as they practice their own writing. The readings represent a wide variety of purposes and cultural perspectives, ranging from the Indian epic The Ramayana to accounts of Hurricane Katrina told through different media. Audio and video presentations enhance students' awareness and command of rhetorical techniques and increase their understanding of writing for different audiences.English 10 Honors provides opportunities for self-directed study, including outside readings, open-ended journal entries, and free-form projects, all of which challenge Honors students to use their creativity and critical thinking skills to gain independent mastery of reading and writing.
  • English 11 or English III
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • In the English 11 course, students examine the belief systems, events, and literature that have shaped the United States. They begin by studying the language of independence and the system of government developed by Thomas Jefferson and other enlightened thinkers. Next, they explore how the Romantics and Transcendentalists emphasized the power and responsibility of the individual in both supporting and questioning the government. Students consider whether the American Dream is still achievable and examine the Modernists’ disillusionment with the idea that America is a “land of opportunity.”Reading the words of Frederick Douglass and the text of the Civil Rights Act, students look carefully at the experience of African Americans and their struggle to achieve equal rights. Students explore how individuals cope with the influence of war and cultural tensions while trying to build and secure their own personal identity. Finally, students examine how technology is affecting our contemporary experience of freedom: Will we eventually change our beliefs about what it means to be an independent human being?In this course, students analyze a wide range of literature, both fiction and nonfiction. They build writing skills by composing analytical essays, persuasive essays, personal narratives, and research papers. In order to develop speaking and listening skills, students participate in discussions and prepare speeches. Overall, students gain an understanding of the way American literature represents the array of voices contributing to our multicultural identity.
 
  • English 11 Honors or English 3 Honors
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • In English 11 Honors, students examine the belief systems, events, and literature that have shaped the United States. They begin by studying the language of independence and the system of government developed by Thomas Jefferson and other enlightened thinkers. Next, they explore how the Romantics and Transcendentalists emphasized the power and responsibility of the individual in both supporting and questioning the government. Students consider whether the American Dream is still achievable and examine the Modernists’ disillusionment with the idea that America is a “land of opportunity.”Reading the words of Frederick Douglass and the text of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, students look carefully at the experience of African Americans and their struggle to achieve equal rights. In addition, students explore how an individual copes with the influence of war and cultural tension while trying to build and secure a personal identity. Finally, students examine how technology affects our contemporary experience of freedom: Will we eventually change our beliefs about what it means to be an independent human being?In this course, students analyze a wide range of literature, both fiction and nonfiction. They build writing skills by preparing analytical and persuasive essays, personal narratives, and research papers. Opportunities for self-directed study, including outside readings, open-ended journal entries, and free-form projects, challenge Honors students to use their creativity and critical thinking skills to gain independent mastery of reading and writing. Finally, in order to develop speaking and listening skills, students participate in discussions and prepare speeches. Overall, students gain an understanding of the way American literature represents the array of voices contributing to our multicultural identity.
  • English 12 or English 4
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • The English 12 course asks students to closely analyze world literature and consider how we humans define and interact with the unknown, the monstrous, and the heroic. In the epic poems The Odyssey, Beowulf, and The Inferno, in Shakespeare’s Tempest, in the satire of Swift, and in the rhetoric of World War II, students examine how the ideas of “heroic” and “monstrous” have been defined across cultures and time periods and how the treatment of the “other” can make monsters or heroes of us all.Reading Frankenstein and works from those who experienced the imperialism of the British Empire, students explore the notion of inner monstrosity and consider how the dominant culture can be seen as monstrous in its ostensibly heroic goal of enlightening the world.Throughout this course, students analyze a wide range of literature, both fiction and nonfiction. They build writing skills by composing analytical essays, persuasive essays, personal narratives, and research papers. In order to develop speaking and listening skills, students participate in discussions and prepare speeches. Overall, students gain an understanding of the way world literature represents the array of voices that contribute to our global identity.
 
  • English 12 Honors or English 4 Honors
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • The English 12 Honors course asks students to closely analyze British literature and world literature and consider how we humans define and interact with the unknown, the monstrous, and the heroic. In the epic poems The Odyssey, Beowulf, and The Inferno, in Shakespeare’s Tempest, in the satire of Swift, and in the rhetoric of World War II, students examine how the ideas of “heroic” and “monstrous” have been defined across cultures and time periods and how the treatment of the “other” can make monsters or heroes of us all.Reading Frankenstein and works from those who experienced the imperialism of the British Empire, students explore the notion of inner monstrosity and consider how the dominant culture can be seen as monstrous in its ostensibly heroic goal of enlightening the world.Throughout this course, students analyze a wide range of literature, both fiction and nonfiction. They build writing skills by composing analytical essays, persuasive essays, personal narratives, and research papers. In order to develop speaking and listening skills, students participate in discussions and give speeches. Overall, students gain an understanding of the way British and world literature represent the array of voices that contribute to our global identity.
  • AP English Language and Composition
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • In AP English Language and Composition, students investigate rhetoric and its impact on culture through analysis of notable fiction and nonfiction texts, from pamphlets to speeches to personal essays. The equivalent of an introductory college-level survey class, this course prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in communications, creative writing, journalism, literature, and composition.Students explore a variety of textual forms, styles, and genres. By examining all texts through a rhetorical lens, students become skilled readers and analytical thinkers. Focusing specifically on language, purpose, and audience gives them a broad view of the effect of text and its cultural role. Students write expository and narrative texts to hone the effectiveness of their own use of language, and they develop varied, informed arguments through research. Throughout the course, students are evaluated with assessments specifically designed to prepare them for the content, form, and depth of the AP Exam.AP English Language and Composition is recommended for 11th and 12th grade students. This course fulfills 11th grade requirements.This course has been authorized by the College Board® to use the AP designation.
 
  • AP English Literature and Composition
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • AP English Literature and Composition immerses students in novels, plays, poems, and short stories from various periods. Students will read and write daily, using a variety of multimedia and interactive activities, interpretive writing assignments, and class discussions to assess and improve their skills and knowledge. The course places special emphasis on reading comprehension, structural and critical analysis of written works, literary vocabulary, and recognizing and understanding literary devices. The equivalent of an introductory college-level survey class, this course prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in creative writing, communications, journalism, literature, and composition.This course has been authorized by the College Board® to use the AP designation.
  • Creative Writing
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester
    • Creative Writing is an English elective course that focuses on the exploration of short fiction and poetry, culminating in a written portfolio that includes one revised short story and three to five polished poems. Students draft, revise, and polish fiction and poetry through writing exercises, developing familiarity with literary terms and facility with the writing process as they study elements of creative writing.Elements of fiction writing explored in this course include attention to specific detail, observation, character development, setting, plot, and point of view. In the poetry units, students learn about the use of sensory details and imagery, figurative language, and sound devices including rhyme, rhythm and alliteration. They also explore poetic forms ranging from found poems and slam poetry to traditional sonnets and villanelles. In addition to applying literary craft elements in guided creative writing exercises, students engage in critical reading activities designed to emphasize the writing craft of a diverse group of authors. Students study short stories by authors such as Bharati Mukherjee and Edgar Allan Poe, learning how to create believable characters and develop setting and plot. Likewise, students read poetry by canonical greats such as W. B. Yeats and Emily Dickinson as well as contemporary writers such as Pablo Neruda, Sherman Alexie, and Alice Notley. Studying the writing technique of a range of authors provides students with models and inspiration as they develop their own voices and refine their understanding of the literary craft. By taking a Creative Writing course, students find new approaches to reading and writing that can affect them on a personal level, as the skills they gain in each lesson directly benefit their own creative goals. Students who are already actively engaged writers and readers learn additional tools and insight into the craft of writing to help them further hone their skills and encourage their creative as well as academic growth.
 
  • Creative Writing A/B
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Semester A – At the beginning of the semester, students consider the importance of word play exercises in improving their facility with language while building a compelling and creative writing style. Focusing on word nuances and precision, later lessons guide students to write in a variety of short modes—including poetry, song lyrics, prose poetry, short short stories, and creative nonfiction. There are several opportunities for peer review in this semester, during which students learn best practices for participating in writing workshops, and then revise their work using feedback from their peers.

      Semester B – This semester focuses on longer works of fiction: short stories, plays, and novels. Students learn basic techniques of plot and character development along with strategies for creating suspense and building a theme, and they have opportunities to write in several different genres. Lessons cover a few special topics as well, including graphic novels, animation, comedy, and improvisation. Students apply what they have learned about writing workshops and revising to the longer pieces of writing they create for this semester.

      • Contemporary Novels
        • Transcript Category: English
        • CA A-G Approval: B
        • NCAA Approved: No
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester
        • In Contemporary Novels students will read a set of novels and novellas that were written during the twentieth century and reflect themes common to contemporary literature, such as the ability of the human spirit to rise above seemingly-impossible circumstances. Through creative projects and writing assignments, students will identify and analyze each novel’s themes and also compare and contrast the novels’ treatment of common themes. Please note that, like most contemporary literature, the novels assigned for this course contain realistic situations and language. In addition to the novels listed, each student will read another contemporary novel of his or her choosing that the instructor must approve. MLA (Modern Language Association) documentation is required on all papers submitted.

          • Expository Writing
            • Transcript Category: English
            • CA A-G Approval: B
            • NCAA Approved: Yes
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester
            • In Expository Writing, students delve into the power and potential of the English language. Reading and writing assignments explore relevant and universal themes including war, human rights, cultural awareness, and humans' relationships with the environment, the media, and technology. By reading and evaluating seminal speeches, essays, and stories, students learn how writing is used to explain, persuade, and entertain. Students develop and practice expressing their own ideas in four types of essays: compare and contrast, persuasive, evaluative, and explanatory. Additional assignments will focus on narrative writing, research projects, and speeches.Writing assignments vary in length and purpose, giving students a chance to demonstrate their skills in lesson-end assignments. In Unit 1, students evaluate a wartime speech, argue for or against a political course of action, and craft a speech adapted for two different audiences. Over the course of Unit 2, students build a research project addressing the causes and effects of the civil rights movement. Unit 3 gives students a chance to students to respond to texts and topics related to loyalty and cultural awareness through an argument, a narrative, and an analysis essay. In Unit 4, students write and publish an explanatory article about the environment, an argument about the impact of technology on society, and an analysis of multiple themes within a text. Through reading, writing, revising, discussing, and refining grammar and language skills, students develop the ability to communicate effectively and persuasively about relevant issues in the academic and professional worlds. This course is built to state standards.
           
          • Media Literacy
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: No
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester
            • Media Literacy teaches students how to build the critical thinking, writing, and reading skills required in a media-rich and increasingly techno-centric world. In a world saturated with media messages, digital environments, and social networking, concepts of literacy must expand to include all forms of media. Today's students need to be able to read, comprehend, analyze, and respond to non-traditional media with the same skill level they engage with traditional print sources.A major topic in Media Literacy is non-traditional media reading skills, including how to approach, analyze, and respond to advertisements, blogs, websites, social media, news media, and wikis. Students also engage in a variety of writing activities in non-traditional media genres, such as blogging and podcast scripting. Students consider their own positions as consumers of media and explore ways to use non-traditional media to become more active and thoughtful citizens. Students learn how to ask critical questions about the intended audience and underlying purpose of media messages, and study factors which can contribute to bias and affect credibility.
           
          • Personal Communication
            • Transcript Category: English
            • CA A-G Approval: B
            • NCAA Approved: No
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester
            • Personal Communication is a one semester course that teaches students how to become effective at verbal and nonverbal expression. In a rapidly changing world filled with constantly evolving technology, social media, and social networking, students need skills to send clear verbal and nonverbal messages and adapt those messages to multiple contexts. Students need to prepare to identify, analyze, develop, and evaluate communication skills in personal, academic, and professional interactions.Major topics in Personal Communication include intrapersonal and interpersonal interaction, informal communication and interviewing, and preparing and delivering informal, informational, and persuasive addresses. Students also engage in recognizing bias, elements of ethical communication, conflict resolution, evaluating media messages, group dynamics, and participate in peer review.
           
          • Reading Skills and Strategies
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: No
            • NCAA Approved: No
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester
            • Reading is a course is designed to help the struggling reader develop mastery in the areas of reading comprehension, vocabulary building, study skills, and media literacy, which are the course's primary content strands. Using these strands, the course guides the student through the skills necessary to be successful in the academic world and beyond. The reading comprehension strand focuses on introducing the student to the varied purposes of reading (e.g., for entertainment, for information, to complete a task, or to analyze). In the vocabulary strand, the student learns specific strategies for understanding and remembering new vocabulary. In the study skills strand, the student learns effective study and test-taking strategies. In the media literacy strand, the student learns to recognize and evaluate persuasive techniques, purposes, design choices, and effects of media. The course encourages personal enjoyment in reading with 10 interviews featuring the book choices and reading adventures of students and members of the community.
           
          • Writing Skills and Strategies
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: No
            • NCAA Approved: No
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester
            • Writing Skills and Strategies develops key language arts skills necessary for high school graduation and success on high stakes exams through a semester of interactive instruction and guided practice in composition fundamentals. The course is divided into ten mini-units of study. The first two are designed to build early success and confidence, orienting students to the writing process and to sentence and paragraph essentials through a series of low-stress, high-interest hook activities. In subsequent units, students review, practice, compose and submit one piece of writing. Four key learning strands are integrated throughout: composition practice, grammar skill building, diction and style awareness, and media and technology exploration. Guided studies emphasize the structure of essential forms of writing encountered in school, in life, and in the work place. Practice in these forms is scaffolded to accommodate learners at different skill levels.
  • English Language Development 1
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • This English Language Development course is intended to give English as a Second Language learners practice with the language and structures required to understand extended speech, such as academic lectures, read academic texts, discuss current events, lectures, and academic texts, and respond to questions about lectures and texts that require that that they summarize information, make predictions, and make inferences at the Intermediate level.  They are exposed to a wide-variety of texts, lectures, audio recordings, and other examples of real-world English in context, and they will get practice with offering their opinion orally and in-writing and supporting their arguments with facts and resources.  Writing instruction includes independent work as well as collaborative work with instructors and peers and is iterative.
 
  • English Language Development 2
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • This English Language Development course is intended to give English as a Second Language learners practice with the language and structures required to understand academic lectures, read academic texts, discuss current events, lectures, and other texts and multimedia resources.  Topics range from modern technology, science, medicine, self-care, history, arts, geography, and current events, and learners respond to questions about the course content that require that that they summarize information, make predictions, and make inferences at the High Intermediate level. They are exposed to a wide-variety of texts, lectures, audio recordings, and other examples of real-world English in context, and they will get practice with offering their opinion orally and in-writing and supporting their arguments with facts and resources.  Writing instruction includes independent work as well as iterative and collaborative work with instructors and peers.
 
  • English Language Development 3
    • Transcript Category: English
    • CA A-G Approval: B
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
    • This English Language Development course is intended to give English as a Second Language learners practice with the language and structures required to understand academic lectures, read academic and other texts, discuss current events, and discuss lectures, texts, and multimedia resources.  In this course, learners explore the subtleties of complex natural language in order to interact with fluent speakers and writers with ease.  Topics range from modern technology, science, medicine, self-care, history, arts, geography, and current events, and learners respond to questions about the course content that require that that they summarize information, make predictions, and make inferences at the Advanced level. They are exposed to a wide-variety of texts, lectures, audio recordings, video recordings, and other examples of real-world English in context, and they will get practice with offering their opinion orally and in-writing and supporting their arguments with facts and other supporting resources.  Writing instruction includes independent work as well as iterative and collaborative work with instructors and peers. 

Mathematics

  • Algebra 1 or Algebra I
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Algebra I builds students' command of linear, quadratic, and exponential relationships. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.Course topics include problem-solving with basic equations and formulas; an introduction to functions and problem solving; linear equations and systems of linear equations; exponents and exponential functions; sequences and functions; descriptive statistics; polynomials and factoring; quadratic equations and functions; and function transformations and inverses.
      This course supports students as they develop computational fluency, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical knowledge. Students discover new concepts through guided instruction and confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment.
      A variety of activities allow for students to think mathematically in a variety of scenarios and tasks. In Discussions, students exchange and explain their mathematical ideas. Modeling activities ask them to analyze real-world scenarios and mathematical concepts. Journaling activities have students reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. And in Performance Tasks, students synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios, make sense of multifaceted problems, and persevere in solving them.


 
  • Algebra 1 Honors or Algebra I Honors
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Honors Algebra I builds a deep understanding of linear, quadratic, and exponential relationships. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.Course topics include an introduction to functions and problem solving, measurement; problem solving with basic equations and formulas, linear equations and systems of linear equations, exponents and exponential functions, sequences and functions, descriptive statistics, polynomials and factoring, quadratic equations and functions, and function transformations and inverses.
      This course supports students as they develop computational fluency, build conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical practice skills. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. In these activities, additional items require Honors students to extend their understanding by answering "what if" questions, thinking abstractly about the mathematics involved, and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the model as a reflection of the real-world situation. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them. Honors students are required to go deeper into these investigations; for example, they may be asked to change or validate assumptions, add constraints, or extend the project. Journal activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Throughout the course, students are evaluated through a diversity of assessments specifically designed to prepare them for the content, form, and depth of high-stakes assessments.


  • Algebra 1A 
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Algebra 1A and 1B address the need for an expanded, two-year treatment of traditional high school Algebra I curriculum. Focusing on review of pre-algebra skills and introductory algebra content, Algebra 1A allows students to deepen their understanding of real numbers in their various forms and then extend their knowledge to linear equations in one and two variables. Course topics include integers; the language of algebra; fractions and decimals; exponents; solving equations with four basic operations; solving equations with roots, powers, or multiple steps; functions; and linear equations.Algebra 1A features ample opportunity for students to hone their computational skills by working through practice problem sets before moving on to formal assessment.
      When used together, Algebra 1A and Algebra 1B meet California's Algebra I Mathematics Content Standards.


 
  • Algebra 1B 
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Algebra 1A and 1B courses address the need for an expanded, two-year treatment of traditional high school Algebra I curriculum. Algebra 1B course topics include a review of introductory algebra; measurement; graphing data; linear equations; systems of linear equations; polynomials; factoring of polynomials; factoring of quadratic functions; and rational expressions.Algebra 1B features ample opportunity for students to hone their computational skills by working through practice problem sets before moving on to formal assessment.
      When used together, Algebra 1A and Algebra 1B meet California's Algebra I Mathematics Content Standards.


  • Algebra 2 or Algebra II
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Algebra II introduces students to advanced functions, with a focus on developing a strong conceptual grasp of the expressions that define those functions. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.Course topics include quadratic equations and functions; polynomial functions; rational expressions and functions; radical expressions and functions; exponential and logarithmic functions; trigonometric functions; modeling with functions; probability and inferential statistics; probability distributions; and sampling distributions and confidence intervals.This course supports all students as they develop computational fluency and deepen conceptual understanding. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. Journaling activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them.


 
  • Algebra 2 Honors or Algebra II Honors
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Honors Algebra II introduces students to advanced functions, with a focus on developing a strong conceptual grasp of the expressions that define them. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.
      Course topics include quadratic equations, polynomial functions, rational expressions and equations, radical expressions and equations, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric identities and functions, modeling with functions, probability and inferential statistics, probability distributions, and sample distributions and confidence intervals.
      This course supports all students as they develop computational fluency, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical practice skills. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. In these activities, additional items require Honors students to extend their understanding by answering "what if" questions, thinking abstractly about the mathematics involved, and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the model as a reflection of the real-world situation. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them. Honors students are required to go deeper into these investigations; for example, they may be asked to change or validate assumptions, add constraints, or extend the project. Journal activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Throughout the course, students are evaluated through a diversity of assessments specifically designed to prepare them for the content, form, and depth of the high-stakes assessments.
  • Geometry
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Geometry builds upon students' command of geometric relationships and formulating mathematical arguments. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.Course topics include reasoning, proof, and the creation of sound mathematical arguments; points, lines, and angles; triangles and trigonometry; quadrilaterals and other polygons; circles; congruence, similarity, transformations, and constructions; coordinate geometry; three-dimensional solids; and applications of probability.
      This course supports all students as they develop computational fluency and deepen conceptual understanding. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, and then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. Journaling activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them.


 
  • Geometry Honors
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Honors Geometry builds upon students' command of geometric relationships and formulating mathematical arguments. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.Course topics include reasoning, proof, and the creation of sound mathematical arguments; points, lines, and angles; triangles and trigonometry; quadrilaterals and other polygons; circles; congruence, similarity, transformations, and constructions; coordinate geometry; three-dimensional solids; and applications of probability.
      This course supports all students as they develop computational fluency, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical practice skills. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. In these activities, additional items require Honors students to extend their understanding by answering "what if" questions, thinking abstractly about the mathematics involved, and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the model as a reflection of the real-world situation. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them. Honors students are required to go deeper into these investigations; for example, they may be asked to change or validate assumptions, add constraints, or extend the project. Journal activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Throughout the course, students are evaluated through a diversity of assessments specifically designed to prepare them for the content, form, and depth of the high-stakes assessments.
  • Integrated Mathematics 1 or Integrated Mathematics I or Mathematics I
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Mathematics I builds students' command of geometric knowledge and linear and exponential relationships. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.Course topics include relationships between quantities; linear and exponential relationships; reasoning with equations; descriptive statistics; congruence, proof, and constructions; and connecting algebra and geometry through coordinates.This course supports all students as they develop computational fluency and deepen conceptual understanding. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, and then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. Journaling activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them.


 
  • Integrated Mathematics 2 or Integrated Mathematics II or Mathematics II
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Mathematics II extends students' geometric knowledge and introduces them to quadratic expressions, equations, and functions, exploring the relationship between these and their linear and exponential counterparts. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.Course topics include extending the number system; quadratic functions and modeling; expressions and equations; applications of probability; similarity, right-triangle trigonometry, and proof; and circles with and without coordinates.This course supports all students as they develop computational fluency and deepen conceptual understanding. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, and then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. Journaling activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them.


 
  • Integrated Mathematics 3 or Integrated Mathematics III or Mathematics III
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Mathematics III incorporates advanced functions, trigonometry, and probability and statistics as students synthesize prior knowledge and solve increasingly challenging problems. Students learn through discovery and application, developing the skills they need to break down complex challenges and demonstrate their knowledge in new situations.Course topics include formulating inferences and conclusions from data; polynomial, rational, and radical relationships; trigonometry of general triangles and trigonometric functions; and mathematical modeling.This course supports all students as they simultaneously develop computational fluency, deepen conceptual understanding, and apply mathematical practice skills. Students begin each lesson by discovering new concepts through guided instruction, and then confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Modeling activities equip students with tools for analyzing a variety of real-world scenarios and mathematical ideas. Journaling activities allow students to reason abstractly and quantitatively, construct arguments, critique reasoning, and communicate precisely. Performance tasks prepare students to synthesize their knowledge in novel, real-world scenarios and require that they make sense of multifaceted problems and persevere in solving them. Throughout the course students are evaluated through a diversity of assessments specifically designed to prepare them for the content, form, and depth of state assessments.
  • Precalculus
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Precalculus is a course that combines reviews of algebra, geometry, and functions into a preparatory course for calculus. The course focuses on the mastery of critical skills and exposure to new skills necessary for success in subsequent math courses. The first semester includes linear, quadratic, exponential, logarithmic, radical, polynomial, and rational functions; systems of equations; and conic sections. The second semester covers trigonometric ratios and functions; inverse trigonometric functions; applications of trigonometry, including vectors and laws of cosine and sine; polar functions and notation; and arithmetic of complex numbers.


 
  • Precalculus Honors
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Precalculus Honors is a comprehensive course that weaves together previous study of algebra, geometry, and functions into a preparatory course for calculus. The course focuses on the mastery of critical skills and exposure to new skills necessary for success in subsequent math courses. The first semester includes linear, quadratic, exponential, logarithmic, radical, polynomial, and rational functions; systems of equations; and conic sections. The second semester covers trigonometric ratios and functions; inverse trigonometric functions; applications of trigonometry, including vectors and laws of cosine and sine; polar functions and notation; and arithmetic of complex numbers.Within each Precalculus lesson, students are supplied with a post-study Checkup activity that provides them the opportunity to hone their computational skills in a low-stakes problem set before moving on to formal assessment. Additionally, connections are made throughout the Precalculus course to calculus, art, history, and a variety of other fields related to mathematics.In the Honors course, Explore activities help students see further connections to other disciplines and other areas of mathematics, including calculus and geometry. Teacher-scored unit tests and semester exams are more open-ended and challenging than their Core counterparts, and Projects allow students to apply advanced mathematics in real-world contexts. In addition, scoring in the Honors Precalculus course places a greater weight on teacher-scored activities, so demonstration of higher-order thinking skills has a stronger impact on students' grades.
  • AP Calculus AB
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • In AP Calculus AB, students learn to understand change geometrically and visually (by studying graphs of curves), analytically (by studying and working with mathematical formulas), numerically (by seeing patterns in sets of numbers), and verbally. Instead of simply getting the right answer, students learn to evaluate the soundness of proposed solutions and to apply mathematical reasoning to real-world models. Calculus helps scientists, engineers, and financial analysts understand the complex relationships behind real-world phenomena. The equivalent of an introductory college-level calculus course, AP Calculus AB prepares students for the AP exam and further studies in science, engineering, and mathematics.


 
  • AP Calculus BC
    • Transcript Category: Mathematics
    • CA A-G Approval: C
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • AP Calculus BC is roughly equivalent to both first and second semester college calculus courses and extends the content learned in AB to different types of equations and introduces the topic of sequences and series. The AP course covers topics in differential and integral calculus, including concepts and skills of limits, derivatives, definite integrals, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, and series. The course teaches students to approach calculus concepts and problems when they are represented graphically, numerically, analytically, and verbally, and to make connections amongst these representations. Students learn how to use technology to help solve problems, experiment, interpret results, and support conclusions.
      Students who are enrolled in college level AP Calculus BC are expected to:
      - Work with functions represented in multiple ways: graphical, numerical, analytical, or verbal. They should understand the connections among these representations.
      - Understand the meaning of the derivative in terms of a rate of change and local linear approximation and use derivatives to solve problems.
      - Understand the meaning of the definite integral as a limit of Riemann sums and as the net accumulation of change and use integrals to solve problems.
      - Understand the relationship between the derivative and the definite integral as expressed in both parts of the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
      - Communicate mathematics and explain solutions to problems verbally and in writing.
      - Model a written description of a physical situation with a function, a differential equation, or an integral.
      - Use technology to solve problems, experiment, interpret results, and support conclusions.
      - Determine the reasonableness of solutions, including sign, size, relative accuracy, and units of measurement.
      - Develop an appreciation of calculus as a coherent body of knowledge and as a human accomplishment.


    • AP Statistics
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • AP Statistics gives students hands-on experience collecting, analyzing, graphing, and interpreting real-world data. They will learn to effectively design and analyze research studies by reviewing and evaluating real research examples taken from daily life. The next time they hear the results of a poll or study, they will know whether the results are valid. As the art of drawing conclusions from imperfect data and the science of real-world uncertainties, statistics plays an important role in many fields. The equivalent of an introductory college-level course, AP Statistics prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in science, sociology, medicine, engineering, political science, geography, and business.


    • Bridge Math
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Bridge Math is a fourth year math course focused on reinforcing core concepts from Algebra I, Geometry and Algebra II. Bridge Math is intended for students who need to review concepts before continuing their studies. It starts with a review of algebraic concepts before moving on to a variety of key algebraic, geometric, statistical, and probability concepts. Course topics include rational and irrational numbers, systems of linear equations, quadratic functions, exponential functions, triangles, coordinate geometry, solid geometry, conditional probability, independence, data analysis, scatterplots, and linear and non-linear models of data.Throughout the course, students hone their computational skills and extend their knowledge through problem solving and real-world applications. Within each Bridge Math lesson, students are supplied with scaffolded note-taking study guides and are given ample opportunity to practice computations in low-stakes Checkup activities before moving on to formal assessment. Additionally, students will have the opportunity to formulate and justify conclusions as they extend and apply concepts through printable exercises and "in-your-own-words" interactive activities.


    • Consumer Math
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Consumer Math focuses on the mathematics involved in making wise consumer decisions. Students explore the many ways in which mathematics affects their daily lives. The first semester will cover paychecks and wages, taxes, insurance, budgets, bank accounts, credit cards, interest calculations, and comparison shopping. Second semester topics include vehicle and home purchasing, investing, and business and employee management.


    • Financial Algebra
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Financial Algebra focuses on real-world financial literacy, personal finance, and business subjects. Students apply what they learned in Algebra 1 and Geometry to topics including personal income, taxes, checking and savings accounts, credit, loans and payments, car leasing and purchasing, home mortgages, stocks, insurance, and retirement planning.Students then extend their investigations using more advanced mathematics, such as systems of equations (when studying cost and profit issues) and exponential functions (when calculating interest problems).


     
    • Fundamental Math
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: No
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Fundamental Math explores foundational concepts in math. Students master basic skills and extend their knowledge as they prepare for more advanced work. Topics include basic number concepts such as whole numbers, counting, place value, rounding, exponents, and negative numbers; addition and subtraction; and multiplication and division. The course also covers fractions, operations with fractions, decimals, percents, ratios, problem solving, basic concepts in geometry, and measuring shapes.


     
    • Introductory Algebra
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: No
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Introductory Algebra provides a curriculum focused on foundational concepts that prepare students for success in Algebra I. Through a "Discovery-Confirmation-Practice"-based exploration of basic concepts, students are challenged to work toward a mastery of computational skills, to deepen their understanding of key ideas and solution strategies, and to extend their knowledge through a variety of problem-solving applications.Course topics include integers; the language of algebra; solving equations with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division; fractions and decimals; measurement; exponents; solving equations with roots and powers; multi-step equations; and linear equations.Within each Introductory Algebra lesson, students are supplied with a scaffolded note-taking guide, called a Study Sheet, as well as a post-study Checkup activity that provides them the opportunity to hone their computational skills by working through a low-stakes, 10-question problem set before starting formal assessment. Unit-level Introductory Algebra assessments include a computer-scored test and a scaffolded, teacher-scored test.


     
    • Liberal Arts Mathematics I
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Liberal Arts Mathematics 1 addresses the need for an elective course that focuses on reinforcing, deepening, and extending a student's mathematical understanding. Liberal Arts Mathematics 1 starts with a review of problem-solving skills before moving on to a variety of key algebraic, geometric, and statistical concepts. Throughout the course, students hone their computational skills and extend their knowledge through problem solving and real-world applications.Course topics include problem solving; real numbers and operations; functions and graphing; systems of linear equations; polynomials and factoring; geometric concepts such as coordinate geometry and properties of geometric shapes; and descriptive statistics.Within each Liberal Arts Mathematics 1 lesson, students are supplied with a scaffolded note-taking guide, called a Study Sheet, and are given ample opportunity to practice computations in low-stakes Checkup activities before moving on to formal assessment. Additionally, students will have the opportunity to formulate and justify conclusions as they extend and apply concepts through printable exercises and "in-your-own-words" interactive activities.


     
    • Liberal Arts Mathematics II
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Liberal Arts Mathematics 2 addresses the need for a course that meets graduation requirements and focuses on reinforcing, deepening, and extending a student's mathematical understanding. Liberal Arts Mathematics 2 starts with a review of algebraic concepts before moving on to a variety of key algebraic, geometric, statistical and probability concepts. Throughout the course, students hone their computational skills and extend their knowledge through problem solving and real-world applications.Course topics include analysis of quadratic, polynomial, exponential and logarithmic functions, arithmetic and geometric sequences, trigonometry and trigonometric functions, coordinate geometry and proofs, statistical analysis, experimental design and applications of probability.Within each Liberal Arts Mathematics 2 lesson, students are supplied with a scaffolded note-taking guide, called a Study Sheet, and are given ample opportunity to practice computations in low-stakes Checkup activities before moving on to formal assessment. Additionally, students will have the opportunity to formulate and justify conclusions as they extend and apply concepts through printable exercises and "in-your-own-words" interactive activities.


     
    • Mathematics of Personal Finance
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Mathematics of Personal Finance focuses on real-world financial literacy, personal finance, and business subjects. Students apply what they learned in Algebra I and Geometry to topics including personal income, taxes, checking and savings accounts, credit, loans and payments, car leasing and purchasing, home mortgages, stocks, insurance, and retirement planning.Students then extend their investigations using more advanced mathematics, such as systems of equations (when studying cost and profit issues) and exponential functions (when calculating interest problems).


     
    • Pre-Algebra
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: No
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Pre-Algebra provides a curriculum focused on foundational concepts that prepare students for success in Algebra I. Through a "Discovery-Confirmation-Practice"-based exploration of basic concepts, students are challenged to work toward a mastery of computational skills, to deepen their understanding of key ideas and solution strategies, and to extend their knowledge through a variety of problem-solving applications.Course topics include integers; the language of algebra; solving equations with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division; fractions and decimals; measurement; exponents; solving equations with roots and powers; multi-step equations; and linear equations.Within each Pre-Algebra lesson, students are supplied with a scaffolded note-taking guide, called a Study Sheet, as well as a post-study Checkup activity that provides them the opportunity to hone their computational skills by working through a low-stakes, 10-question problem set before starting formal assessment. Unit-level Introductory Algebra assessments include a computer-scored test and a scaffolded, teacher-scored test.


     
    • Remedial Math
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics
      • CA A-G Approval: No
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Remedial Math explores foundational concepts in math. Students master basic skills and extend their knowledge as they prepare for more advanced work. Topics include basic number concepts such as whole numbers, counting, place value, rounding, exponents, and negative numbers; addition and subtraction; and multiplication and division. The course also covers fractions, operations with fractions, decimals, percents, ratios, problem solving, basic concepts in geometry, and measuring shapes.


     
    • Statistics and Probability
      • Transcript Category: Mathematics or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Statistics and Probability provides a curriculum focused on understanding key data analysis and probabilistic concepts, calculations, and relevance to real-world applications. Students are challenged to work toward mastery of computational skills, apply calculators and other technology in data analysis, deepen their understanding of key ideas and solution strategies, and extend their knowledge through a variety of problem-solving applications.Course topics include types of data, common methods used to collect data, and representations of data, including histograms, bar graphs, box plots, and scatterplots. Students learn to work with data by analyzing and employing methods of extending results, involving samples and populations, distributions, summary statistics, experimental design, regression analysis, simulations, and confidence intervals.Ideas involving probability — including sample space, empirical and theoretical probability, expected value, and independent and compound events — are covered as students explore the relationship between probability and data analysis.
        Extended projects allow for more open-ended, extended applications of concepts and skills. Students collect and analyze statistical data about a topic that interests them, and they apply probability concepts in a real-world context.

    Science

  • Anatomy and Physiology
    • Transcript Category: Life Science
    • CA A-G Approval: D
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Semester A
      The aim of this course is to expand upon what was learned in your Biology class, while emphasizing the application of this material to human structures and functions. This course begins the study of human beings at the microscopic level and works its way up to an in-depth study of select organ systems. Special emphasis will be placed upon applying and demonstrating the information learned in this course through, not only tests and quizzes, but through special projects and collaboration as well.
      Semester B
      Part B is designed to give the student an understanding of how structure and function are related in the human body. The student will study the human body from the cellular level to the organ system level. All of the major body systems will be studied in great detail. Additionally, biochemistry, cell biology, histology, biotechnology, bioethics, and pathology will also be studied. This course is highly recommended for students seeking a career in science or a health-related profession.

    • Biology
      • Transcript Category: Life Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Biology focuses on the mastery of basic biological concepts and models while building scientific inquiry skills and exploring the connections between living things and their environment.The course begins with an introduction to the nature of science and biology, including the major themes of structure and function, matter and energy flow, systems, and the interconnectedness of life. Students then apply those themes to the structure and function of the cell, cellular metabolism, and biogeochemical cycles. Building on this foundation, students explore the connections and interactions between living things by studying genetics, ecosystems and natural selection, and evolution. The course ends with an applied look at human biology.
        Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts.
        Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science.


     
    • Biology Honors
      • Transcript Category: Life Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Biology Honors is an in-depth course that furthers mastery of scientific skills, fosters a deep understanding of key concepts, and promotes the application of the scientific method to biological topics.The course begins with an introduction to the nature of science and biology, including the major themes of structure and function, matter and energy flow, systems, and the interconnectedness of life. Students then apply those themes to the structure and function of the cell, cellular metabolism, and biogeochemical cycles. Building on this foundation, students explore the connections and interactions between living things by studying genetics, ecosystems and natural selection, and evolution. The course ends with an applied look at human biology.
        Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science.
        Biology students are frequently asked to respond to scientific problems and issues via written assignments. Exploration activities challenge Honors students to deconstruct scientific claims, analyze scientific articles, and suggest follow-up experiments or topics for further research. Finally, Project and Checkup activities allow Honors students to use scientific process skills to delve deeper into topics.

     
    • The Living Earth
      • Transcript Category: Life Science or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • The Living Earth integrates biology with Earth and space science. Throughout the course, students apply fundamental biological concepts to better understand how living systems and Earth's systems are interrelated and interdependent.Course topics include structure and function of living organisms, heredity, genetic variation, natural selection, evolution, the biosphere, types of ecosystems and biomes, the ecology of populations and communities, the effects of change on the biosphere and its parts, the relationship of humans with the environment, and explorations of challenges humans face and sustainable solutions for the future health of Earth and its inhabitants.
        Students discover new concepts through guided instruction and confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts.
        A variety of activities encourage students to think scientifically. Lab and Project activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science and engineering. Virtual Lab activities enable students to engage in investigations that require long periods of observation at remote locations and to explore simulations that allow scientists to test predictions. In Discussions, students compare their lab or project results and exchange ideas about their investigations. Journal, Checkup, and Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to practice their writing and scientific reasoning skills and apply learned concepts.


      • Marine Science
        • Transcript Category: Life Science
        • CA A-G Approval: D
        • NCAA Approved: Yes
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • About 70% of the Earth is covered by water. Even today, much of the world’s oceans remain unexplored. Marine scientists make exciting new discoveries about marine life every day. In this course, students will discover the vast network of life that exists beneath the ocean’s surface and study the impact that humans have on the oceans.

        • Paleontology
          • Transcript Category: Life Science
          • CA A-G Approval: D
          • NCAA Approved: Yes
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • From Godzilla to Jurassic Park, dinosaurs continue to captivate us. In this course, students will learn about the fascinating creatures both large and small that roamed the earth before modern man. Watch interesting videos from experts at The Royal Tyrrell Museum, a leading paleontology research facility, and discover how the field of paleontology continues to provide amazing insight into early life on earth.
    • Chemistry
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Chemistry offers a curriculum that emphasizes students' understanding of fundamental chemistry concepts while helping them acquire tools to be conversant in a society highly influenced by science and technology.The course provides students with opportunities to learn and practice critical scientific skills within the context of relevant scientific questions. Topics include the nature of science, the importance of chemistry to society, atomic structure, bonding in matter, chemical reactions, redox reactions, electrochemistry, phases of matter, equilibrium and kinetics, acids and bases, thermodynamics, quantum mechanics, nuclear reactions, organic chemistry, and alternative energy.
        Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about concepts. Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science.
        Throughout this course, students are given an opportunity to understand how chemistry concepts are applied in technology and engineering. Journal and Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing skills.


     
    • Chemistry Honors
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Chemistry Honors offers a curriculum that emphasizes students' understanding of fundamental chemistry concepts while helping them acquire tools to be conversant in a society highly influenced by science and technology.The course provides students with opportunities to learn and practice critical scientific skills within the context of relevant scientific questions. Topics include the nature of science, the importance of chemistry to society, atomic structure, bonding in matter, chemical reactions, redox reactions, electrochemistry, phases of matter, equilibrium and kinetics, acids and bases, thermodynamics, quantum mechanics, nuclear reactions, organic chemistry, and alternative energy.
        Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts. Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science.
        Throughout this course, students are given opportunities to understand how chemistry concepts are applied in technology and engineering. Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing skills. Exploration activities challenge Honors students to deconstruct scientific claims, analyze scientific articles, and suggest follow-up experiments or topics for further research. Finally, Project activities allow Honors students to use scientific process skills to delve deeper into topics.


     
    • Chemistry in the Earth System
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Chemistry in the Earth System integrates chemistry with biology and Earth science. Throughout the course, students apply fundamental chemistry concepts to better understand how matter and energy interact in the natural and designed world, how human activities impact Earth's systems, and how science can be used to develop new technologies and engineering solutions.Course topics include the nature of matter, forces and energy, atomic structure, bonding in matter, chemical reactions, equilibrium and kinetics, thermodynamics, matter and energy in Earth's physical and living systems, energy and resource consumption, and environmental challenges.
        Students discover new concepts through guided instruction and confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts.
        A variety of activities encourage students to think scientifically. Lab and Project activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science and engineering. Virtual Lab activities enable students to engage in investigations that require long periods of observation at remote locations and to explore simulations that allow scientists to test predictions. In Discussions, students compare their lab or project results and exchange ideas about their investigations. Journal, Checkup, and Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing and scientific reasoning skills.


     
    • Earth Science
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Earth Science offers a focused curriculum that explores Earth's composition, structure, processes, and history; its atmosphere, freshwater, and oceans; and its environment in space.Course topics include an exploration of the major cycles that affect every aspect of life, including weather, climate, air movement, tectonics, volcanic eruptions, rocks, minerals, geologic history, Earth's environment, sustainability, and energy resources. Optional teacher-scored labs and projects encourage students to apply the scientific method.


     
    • Earth Science Honors
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Earth Science Honors offers a focused curriculum that explores Earth's composition, structure, processes, and history; its atmosphere, freshwater, and oceans; and its environment in space.Course topics include an exploration of the major cycles that affect every aspect of life, including weather, climate, air movement, tectonics, volcanic eruptions, rocks, minerals, geologic history, Earth's environment, sustainability, and energy resources. Optional teacher-scored labs and projects encourage students to apply the scientific method. Other activities, such as practices and journals, challenge students to explore topics more deeply in order to enhance students’ understanding of core concepts.


     
    • Environmental Science
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Environmental Science explores the biological, physical, and sociological principles related to the environment in which organisms live on Earth, the biosphere. Course topics include natural systems on Earth, biogeochemical cycles, the nature of matter and energy, the flow of matter and energy through living systems, populations, communities, ecosystems, ecological pyramids, renewable and non-renewable natural resources, land use, biodiversity, pollution, conservation, sustainability, and human impacts on the environment.The course provides students with opportunities to learn and practice scientific skills within the context of relevant scientific questions. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, deconstruct claims, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts. Case studies of current environmental challenges introduce each content lesson and acquaint students with real-life environmental issues, debates, and solutions. Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science. Virtual Lab activities enable students to engage in investigations that require long periods of observation at remote locations and to explore simulations that enable environmental scientists to test predictions. Throughout this course, students are given an opportunity to understand how biology, earth science, and physical science are applied to the study of the environment and how technology and engineering are contributing solutions for studying and creating a sustainable biosphere.


     
    • Physical Science
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Physical Science offers a focused curriculum designed around the understanding of foundational physical science concepts, including the nature of matter, energy, and forces, as well as the application of scientific and engineering practices.Course topics include energy, forces, electromagnetism, waves, matter, chemical reactions, and nuclear reactions. Teacher-scored labs encourage students to apply the scientific method.
        Students discover new concepts through guided instruction and confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts.
        A variety of activities encourage students to think scientifically. Lab and Project activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science and engineering. Virtual Lab activities allow students to engage in investigations that require long periods of observation at remote locations and to explore simulations that scientists use to test predictions. In Discussions, students compare their lab results and exchange ideas about their investigations. Practice and Explore activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing and scientific reasoning skills.


     
    • Physics
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Physics offers a curriculum that emphasizes students' understanding of fundamental physics concepts while helping them acquire tools to be conversant in a society highly influenced by science and technology.The course provides students with opportunities to learn and practice critical scientific skills within the context of relevant scientific questions.  Topics include the nature of science, math for physics, energy, kinematics, force and motion, momentum, gravitation, chemistry for physics, thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, waves, nuclear physics, quantum physics, and cosmology.
        Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts.  Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science.
        Throughout this course, students are given an opportunity to understand how physics concepts are applied in technology and engineering.  Journal and Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing skills.


     
    • Physics Honors
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Physics Honors offers a curriculum that emphasizes students' understanding of fundamental physics concepts while helping them acquire tools to be conversant in a society highly influenced by science and technology.The course provides students with opportunities to learn and practice critical scientific skills within the context of relevant scientific questions. Topics include the nature of science, math for physics, energy, kinematics, force and motion, momentum, gravitation, chemistry for physics, thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, waves, nuclear physics, quantum physics, and cosmology.
        Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts. Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science.
        Throughout this course, students are given opportunities to understand how physics concepts are applied in technology and engineering. Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing skills. Exploration activities challenge Honors students to deconstruct scientific claims, analyze scientific articles, and suggest follow-up experiments or topics for further research. Finally, Project activities allow Honors students to use scientific process skills to delve deeper into topics.


     
    • Physics of the Universe
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Physics of the Universe integrates physics with Earth and space science. Throughout the course, students apply fundamental physics concepts to better understand the impact of human activities on Earth's systems and how forces, energy, and matter interact throughout the universe.Course topics include electricity and magnetism, energy consumption and resources, dynamics, momentum and gravitation, waves, cosmology, and an exploration of Earth's physical systems.
        Students discover new concepts through guided instruction and confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts.
        A variety of activities encourage students to think scientifically. Lab and Project activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and communication skills and help students develop a deeper understanding of the nature of science and engineering. Virtual Lab activities enable students to engage in investigations that require long periods of observation at remote locations and to explore simulations that allow scientists to test predictions. In Discussions, students compare their lab or project results and exchange ideas about their investigations. Checkup and Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing and scientific reasoning skills.


      • Renewable Energy
        • Transcript Category: Physical Science
        • CA A-G Approval: D
        • NCAA Approved: Yes
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • The earth’s population is growing rapidly, and we need to find new, innovative ways to ensure that we are able to provide for our global energy needs. Students will look at the reasons why sustainability is important, take a balanced and evidence-based look at climate change, and learn new ways that we can harness renewable resources.

        • Space Exploration
          • Transcript Category: Physical Science
          • CA A-G Approval: D
          • NCAA Approved: Yes
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • In 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first human to go to space. In 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to step on the moon. This comprehensive course will examine the history and future of space travel. Find out how we have put people in space in the past, and what it will take for us to reach new frontiers, including Mars and beyond.
    • AP Biology
      • Transcript Category: Life Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • AP Biology builds students' understanding of biology on both the micro and macro scales. After studying cell biology, students move on to understand how evolution drives the diversity and unity of life. Students will examine how living systems store, retrieve, transmit, and respond to information and how organisms utilize free energy. The equivalent of an introductory college-level biology course, AP Biology prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in science, health sciences, or engineering.The AP Biology course provides a learning experience focused on allowing students to develop their critical thinking skills and cognitive strategies. Frequent no- and low-stakes assessments allow students to measure their comprehension and improve their performance as they progress through each activity. Students regularly engage with primary sources, allowing them to practice the critical reading and analysis skills that they will need in order to pass the AP exam and succeed in a college biology course. Students perform hands-on labs that give them insight into the nature of science and help them understand biological concepts, as well as how evidence can be obtained to support those concepts. Students also complete several virtual lab studies in which they form hypotheses; collect, analyze, and manipulate data; and report their findings and conclusions.  During both virtual and traditional lab investigations and research opportunities, students summarize their findings and analyze others' findings in summaries, using statistical and mathematical calculations when appropriate. Summative tests are offered at the end of each unit as well as at the end of each semester, and contain objective and constructed response items. Robust scaffolding, rigorous instruction, relevant material and regular active learning opportunities ensure that students can achieve mastery of the skills necessary to excel on the AP exam.


     
    • AP Chemistry
      • Transcript Category: Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • AP Chemistry builds students' understanding of the nature and reactivity of matter. After studying chemical reactions and electrochemistry, students move on to understand how the chemical and physical properties of materials can be explained by the structure and arrangements of the molecules and the forces between those molecules. Students will examine the laws of thermodynamics, molecular collisions, and the reorganization of matter in order to understand how changes in matter take place. Finally, students will explore chemical equilibria, including acid-base equilibria. The equivalent of an introductory college-level chemistry course, AP Chemistry prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in science, health sciences, or engineering.The AP Chemistry course provides a learning experience focused on allowing students to develop their critical thinking skills and cognitive strategies. Frequent no- and low-stakes assessments allow students to measure their comprehension and improve their performance as they progress through each activity. Students regularly engage with primary source materials, allowing them to practice the critical reading and analysis skills that they will need in order to pass the AP exam and succeed in a college chemistry course. Students perform hands-on labs that give them insight into the nature of science and help them understand chemical concepts, as well as how evidence can be obtained to support those concepts. Students also complete several virtual lab studies in which they form hypotheses; collect, analyze, and manipulate data; and report their findings and conclusions. During both virtual and traditional lab investigations and research opportunities, students summarize their findings and analyze others' findings in summaries, using statistical and mathematical calculations when appropriate. Summative tests are offered at the end of each unit as well as at the end of each semester, and contain objective and constructed response items. Robust scaffolding, rigorous instruction, relevant material, and regular active learning opportunities ensure that students can achieve mastery of the skills necessary to excel on the AP exam.


     
    • AP Environmental Science
      • Transcript Category: Life and Physical Science
      • CA A-G Approval: D
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • AP* Environmental Science provides students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world. The course draws upon various disciplines, including geology, biology, environmental studies, environmental science, chemistry, and geography in order to explore a variety of environmental topics. Topics explored include natural systems on Earth; biogeochemical cycles; the nature of matter and energy; the flow of matter and energy through living systems; populations; communities; ecosystems; ecological pyramids; renewable and nonrenewable resources; land use; biodiversity; pollution; conservation; sustainability; and human impacts on the environment. The equivalent of an introductory college-level science course, AP Environmental Science prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in science, health sciences, or engineering.The AP Environmental Science course provides a learning experience focused on allowing students to develop their critical thinking skills and cognitive strategies. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, deconstruct claims, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts. Frequent no- and low-stakes assessments allow students to measure their comprehension and improve their performance as they progress through each activity.
        Students perform hands-on labs and projects that give them insight into the nature of science and help them understand environmental concepts, as well as how evidence can be obtained to support those concepts. Virtual lab activities enable students to engage in investigations that would otherwise require long periods of observation at remote locations and to explore simulations that enable environmental scientists to test predictions. During both hands-on and virtual labs, students form hypotheses; collect, analyze, and manipulate data; and report their findings and conclusions. Throughout this course, students are given an opportunity to understand how biology, earth science, and physical science are applied to the study of the environment and how technology and engineering are contributing solutions for studying and creating a sustainable biosphere.
        Summative tests are offered at the end of each unit as well as at the end of each semester, and contain objective and constructed response items. Robust scaffolding, rigorous instruction, relevant material, and regular active learning opportunities ensure that students can achieve mastery of the skills necessary to excel on the AP exam.

        AP Physics 1
        • Transcript Category: Life Science
        • CA A-G Approval: D
        • NCAA Approved: Yes
        • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

        • AP Physics 1 is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course. Students cultivate their understanding of Physics through inquiry-based investigations as they explore topics such as Newtonian mechanics (including rotational motion); work, energy, and power; mechanical waves and sound; and introductory, simple circuits.
          Twenty-five percent of instructional time is devoted to hands-on laboratory work with an emphasis on inquiry-based investigations. Investigations will require students to ask questions, make observations and predictions, design experiments, analyze data, and construct arguments in a collaborative setting, where they direct and monitor their progress.

          Semester A
          Students explore principles of Newtonian mechanics (including rotational motion); work, energy, and power; mechanical waves and sound; and introductory, simple circuits. The course is based on six Big Ideas, which encompass core scientific principles, theories, and processes that cut across traditional boundaries and provide a broad way of thinking about the physical world.

          Semester B
          Students establish lines of evidence and use them to develop and refine testable explanations and predictions of natural phenomena. Focusing on these disciplinary practices enables teachers to use the principles of scientific inquiry to promote a more engaging and rigorous experience for AP Physics students.

    Social Science

    • United States History
      • Transcript Category: US History
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
      • U.S. History traces the nation's history from the pre-colonial period to the present. Students learn about the Native American, European, and African people who lived in America before it became the United States. They examine the beliefs and philosophies that informed the American Revolution and the subsequent formation of the government and political system. Students investigate the economic, cultural, and social motives for the nation's expansion, as well as the conflicting notions of liberty that eventually resulted in civil war. The course describes the emergence of the United States as an industrial nation and then focuses on its role in modern world affairs.
        Moving into the 20th and 21st centuries, students probe the economic and diplomatic interactions between the United States and other world players while investigating how the world wars, the Cold War, and the “information revolution” affected the lives of ordinary Americans. Woven through this chronological sequence is a strong focus on the changing conditions of women, African Americans, and other minority groups.
        The course emphasizes the development of historical analysis skills such as comparing and contrasting, differentiating between facts and interpretations, considering multiple perspectives, and analyzing cause-and-effect relationships. These skills are applied to text interpretation and in written assignments that guide learners step-by-step through problem-solving activities.
     
    • United States History Honors
      • Transcript Category: US History
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
      • U.S. History Honors traces the nation's history from the precolonial period to the present. Students learn about the Native American, European, and African peoples who lived in North America before a large part of it became the United States. They examine the beliefs and philosophies that informed the American Revolution and the subsequent formation of the government and political system. Students investigate the economic, cultural, and social motives for the nation's expansion, as well as the conflicting notions of liberty that eventually resulted in a civil war. The course describes the emergence of the United States as an industrial nation and then focuses on its role in modern world affairs.
        Moving into the 20th and 21st centuries, students probe the economic and diplomatic interactions between the United States and other nations while investigating how the world wars, the Cold War, and the “information revolution” affected the lives of ordinary Americans. Woven through this chronological sequence is a strong focus on the changing conditions of women, African Americans, and other minority groups.
        The course emphasizes the development of historical analysis skills such as comparing and contrasting, differentiating between facts and interpretations, considering multiple perspectives, and analyzing cause-and-effect relationships. These skills are applied to text interpretation and in written assignments that guide students step-by-step through problem-solving activities.
        Honors students perfect their ability to use logic and evidence to create persuasive written arguments in five-paragraph essays, two independent research projects, and shorter exercises such as document-based questions and analytic discussions.

    • United States History and Geography
      • Transcript Category: US History
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
      • United States History and Geography begins with the establishment of European colonies in North America and then traces the nation's history from post-Civil War to the present. Students examine the beliefs and philosophies that informed the American Revolution and the subsequent formation of the government and political system, then evaluate the attempts to bind the nation together during Reconstruction while simultaneously exploring the growth of an industrial economy. Moving into the 20th and 21st centuries, students probe the economic and diplomatic interactions between the United States and other world players while investigating how the world wars, the Cold War, and the "information revolution" affected the lives of ordinary Americans. Woven through this chronological sequence is a strong focus on the changing conditions of women, African Americans, and other minority groups.
        The course emphasizes the development of historical analysis skills such as comparing and contrasting, differentiating between facts and interpretations, considering multiple perspectives, and analyzing cause-and-effect relationships. These skills are applied to text interpretation and in written assignments that guide learners step-by-step through problem-solving activities.
     
    • United States History Survey -- Coming Soon
      • Transcript Category: US History
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
      United States History Survey -- Coming Soon
    • World History
      • Transcript Category: Social Science
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
      • In World History, students learn to see the world today as a product of a process that began thousands of years ago when humans became a speaking, travelling, and trading species.  Through historical analysis grounded in primary sources, case studies, and research, students investigate the continuity and change of human culture, governments, economic systems, and social structures. Students build and practice historical thinking skills, learning to connect specific people, places, events and ideas to the larger trends of world history. In critical reading activities, feedback-rich instruction, and application-oriented assignments, students develop their capacity to reason chronologically, interpret and synthesize sources, identify connections between ideas, and develop well-supported historical arguments.  Students write throughout the course, responding to primary sources and historical narratives through journal entries, essays and visual presentations of social studies content.  In discussion activities, students respond to the position of others while staking and defending their own claim.  The course's rigorous instruction is supported with relevant materials and active learning opportunities to ensure students at all levels can master the key historical thinking skills.
     
    • World History Honors
      • Transcript Category: Social Science
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
      • In World History Honors, students learn to see the world today as the product of a process that began thousands of years ago, when humans became a speaking, traveling, and trading species.  Through historical analysis grounded in primary sources, case studies, and research, students investigate the continuity and change of human culture, governments, economic systems, and social structures. Students build and practice historical thinking skills, learning to connect specific people, places, events, and ideas to the larger trends of world history. In critical reading activities, feedback-rich instruction, and application-oriented assignments, students develop their capacity to reason chronologically, interpret and synthesize sources, identify connections between ideas, and develop well-supported historical arguments. Students write throughout the course, responding to primary sources and historical narratives through journal entries, essays, and visual presentations of social studies content. In discussion activities, students respond to the positions of others while staking and defending their own claims. Honors students also complete two independent research projects focused on historical periods of their choosing.
     
    • World History, Culture and Geography
      • Transcript Category: Social Science
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
      • In World History, Culture and Geography, students study the major turning points that shaped the modern world including the Enlightenment, industrialization, imperialism, nationalism, political revolutions, the world wars, the Cold War, decolonization, and globalization. By presenting content from multiple perspectives and through diverse primary and secondary source materials, this course provides students with a solid foundation in the history of the modern era and prepares students to be active and informed citizens of the world. Through critical reading activities, feedback-rich instruction, and application-oriented assignments, students develop their capacity to conduct research, analyze sources, make arguments, and take informed action. In written assignments, students address critical questions about the history of the modern era. In discussion activities, students respond to diverse opinions, take positions, and defend their own claims. Formative and summative assessments provide students — and teachers — with ample opportunities to check in, review, and evaluate students' progress in the course.
    • Civics
      • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • In Civics students will understand the significance of government, law, and politics. They will examine the United States foundational documents and how they shaped the Unites States government. Students will examine the purposes and functions of federal, state and local government, the justice system, political systems the environment, and the economy. Learners will evaluate their role and civic responsibility to their families, communities, and country including voting and being a productive member of society. Students will get to know leaders and influential people that have championed many causes including civil rights and the environment. Learners will also learn proper ways to interact in society including interpersonal skills and respecting differences in others including disabilities. Learners will follow a step-by-step approach for successfully completing each lesson, which includes textbook reading, interactive activities, supplemental reading, lecture, video clips, and Power Point presentations to enhance and reinforce learning. Learners receive frequent feedback from teacher and peers through discussions. By the end of the course students will have a deep understanding of their civic responsibilities as well as the difference one individual can make in society.

        • Economics
          • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: Yes
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • Economics offers a tightly focused and scaffolded curriculum that provides an introduction to key economic principles. The course covers fundamental properties of economics, including an examination of markets from both historical and current perspectives; the basics of supply and demand; the theories of early economic philosophers such as Adam Smith and David Ricardo; theories of value; the concept of money and how it evolved; the role of banks, investment houses, and the Federal Reserve; Keynesian economics; the productivity, wages, investment, and growth involved in capitalism; unemployment, inflations, and the national debt; and a survey of the global economy.
            Economics is designed to fall in the fourth year of social studies instruction. Students establish mastery of key economic principles through a scaffolded series of analytic written assignments and lesson tests. They also apply basic mathematics to economic concepts.
            This course is built to state standards and further informed by standards from the National Council for History Education, the National Center for History in the Schools, and the National Council for Social Studies.

          • Honors Economics
            • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: Yes
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Honors Economics
            offers a tightly focused and scaffolded curriculum that provides an introduction to key economic principles. The course covers fundamental properties of economics, including an examination of markets from both historical and current perspectives; the basics of supply and demand; the theories of early economic philosophers such as Adam Smith and David Ricardo; theories of value; the concept of money and how it evolved; the role of banks, investment houses, and the Federal Reserve; Keynesian economics; the productivity, wages, investment, and growth involved in capitalism; unemployment, inflations, and the national debt; and a survey of the global economy.
            Economics is designed to fall in the fourth year of social studies instruction. Students establish mastery of key economic principles through a scaffolded series of analytic written assignments and lesson tests. They also apply basic mathematics to economic concepts.

          • US Government and Politics
            • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: A
            • NCAA Approved: Yes
            • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

            • In U.S. Government and Politics, students examine the history, principles, and function of the political system established by the U.S. Constitution. Starting with a basic introduction to the role of government in society and the philosophies at the heart of American democracy, this course provides students with the knowledge needed to be informed and empowered participants in the U.S. political system.
              Through critical reading activities, feedback-rich instruction, and application-oriented assignments, students develop their capacity to conduct research, analyze sources, make arguments, and take informed action. In written assignments, students address critical questions about U.S. politics and the role of individual Americans in the politics and political organizations. In discussion activities, students respond to political opinions, take a position, and defend their own claims. Formative and summative assessments provide students — and teachers — with ample opportunities to check in, review, and evaluate students’ progress in the course.

            • US Government and Politics Honors
              • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: A
              • NCAA Approved: Yes
              • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

              • In U.S. Government and Politics Honors, students examine the history, principles, and function of the political system established by the U.S. Constitution. Starting with a basic introduction to the role of government in society and the philosophies at the heart of American democracy, this course provides students with the knowledge needed to be informed and empowered participants in the U.S. political system.
                Through critical reading activities, feedback-rich instruction, and application-oriented assignments, students develop their capacity to conduct research, analyze sources, make arguments, and take informed action. In written assignments, students address critical questions about U.S. politics and the role of individual Americans in politics and political organizations. In discussion activities, students respond to political opinions, take a position, and defend their own claims. Formative and summative assessments provide students — and teachers — with ample opportunities to check in, review, and evaluate students’ progress in the course. For Honors students, the course culminates with a multipart independent research project focused on a topic of their choice.
  • AP European History A&B
    • Transcript Category: Social Science
    • CA A-G Approval: A
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    This AP study of European history since 1300 introduces students to economic, cultural, social and political developments. These developments played a fundamental role in shaping the world in which they live.
    Second Semester of online AP European History will introduce students to the birth of modern political thought, Great Depression and World War II. They will study the Cold War and the collapse of communism and wrap up with the dawn of the 21st Century. Students will complete a project at the end of each unit with the final project being a critical analysis.


    • AP Government and Politics
      • Transcript Category: Social Science
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      AP U.S. Government and Politics studies the operations and structure of the U.S. government and the behavior of the electorate and politicians. Students will gain the analytic perspective necessary to critically evaluate political data, hypotheses, concepts, opinions, and processes. Along the way, they'll learn how to gather data about political behavior and develop their own theoretical analysis of American politics. They'll also build the skills they need to examine general propositions about government and politics, and to analyze the specific relationships between political, social, and economic institutions. The equivalent of an introductory college-level course, AP U.S. Government and Politics prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in political science, law, education, business, and history.


      • AP Macroeconomics
        • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: Yes
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        AP Macroeconomics students learn why and how the world economy can change from month to month, how to identify trends in our economy, and how to use those trends to develop performance measures and predictors of economic growth or decline. They'll also examine how individuals, institutions, and influences affect people, and how those factors can impact everyone's life through employment rates, government spending, inflation, taxes, and production. The equivalent of a 100-level college-level class, this course prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in business, political science and history.

      • AP Microeconomics
        • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: Yes
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        AP Microeconomics studies the behavior of individuals and businesses as they exchange goods and services in the marketplace. Students will learn why the same product costs different amounts at different stores, in different cities, at different times. They'll also learn to spot patterns in economic behavior and how to use those patterns to explain buyer and seller behavior under various conditions. Microeconomics studies the economic way of thinking, understanding the nature and function of markets, the role of scarcity and competition, the influence of factors such as interest rates on business decisions, and the role of government in promoting a healthy economy. The equivalent of a 100-level college course, AP Microeconomics prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in business, history, and political science.

      • AP Psychology
        • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: Yes
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        AP Psychology provides an overview of current psychological research methods and theories. Students will explore the therapies used by professional counselors and clinical psychologists and examine the reasons for normal human reactions: how people learn and think, the process of human development and human aggression, altruism, intimacy, and self-reflection. They will study core psychological concepts, such as the brain and sense functions, and learn to gauge human reactions, gather information, and form meaningful syntheses. Along the way, students will also investigate relevant concepts like study skills and information retention. The equivalent of an introductory college-level survey course, AP Psychology prepares students for the AP exam and for further studies in psychology or life sciences.

      • AP United States History
        • Transcript Category: Social Science
        • CA A-G Approval: A
        • NCAA Approved: Yes
        • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

        In AP U.S. History, students investigate the development of American economics, politics, and culture through historical analysis grounded in primary sources, research, and writing. The equivalent of an introductory college-level course, AP U.S. History prepares students for the AP exam and for further study in history, political science, economics, sociology, and law.

        Through the examination of historical themes and the application of historical thinking skills, students learn to connect specific people, places, events, and ideas to the larger trends of U.S. history. Critical-reading activities, feedback-rich instruction, and application-oriented assignments hone students' ability to reason chronologically, to interpret historical sources, and to construct well-supported historical arguments. Students write throughout the course, responding to primary and secondary sources through journal entries, essays, and visual presentations of historical content. In discussion activities, students respond to the positions of others while staking and defending claims of their own. Robust scaffolding, rigorous instruction, relevant material, and regular opportunities for active learning ensure that students can achieve mastery of the skills necessary to excel on the AP exam.


    • AP World History Modern A&B
      • Transcript Category: Social Science
      • CA A-G Approval: A
      • NCAA Approved: Yes
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      The first semester of AP World History Modern delves into the history of mankind. Looking back to the prehistoric times, students will develop the connections between the early river valleys, the beginnings of civilizations, and governments. Through this semester, students will be introduced to concepts that will be placed on the AP examination, and will also be given multiple opportunities to practice skills necessary for the AP exam. This specific time will start from the First Agricultural Revolution to the Age of Exploration.
      The second semester of this course is a continuation of semester one, starting with how Europe evolved from the colonies being brought into the New World. This course will continue to make connections between nations and look at the big picture concepts of the world until present day. This semester will also spend one time preparing specifically for the AP exam. Through review materials and practicing skills needed for the AP exam, students will work on being prepared for the exam.


  • Economics and Personal Finance
    • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    Economics and Personal Finance offers a tightly focused and scaffolded curriculum that provides an introduction to key economic principles. The course covers fundamental properties of economics, including an examination of markets from both historical and current perspectives; the basics of supply and demand; the theories of early economic philosophers such as Adam Smith and David Ricardo; theories of value; the concept of money and how it evolved; the role of banks, investment houses, and the Federal Reserve; Keynesian economics; the productivity, wages, investment, and growth involved in capitalism; unemployment, inflations, and the national debt; and a survey of the global economy. The course extends students' understanding of these principles in the context of personal finance, exploring issues such as career planning, budgeting, credit, taxes, investing, insurance, loans, and major purchases.

  • Multicultural Studies
    • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: A
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    Multicultural Studies is a one-semester elective history and sociology course that examines the United States as a multicultural nation. The course emphasizes the perspectives of minority groups while allowing students from all backgrounds to better understand and appreciate how race, culture and ethnicity, and identity contribute to their experiences.
    Major topics in the course include identity, immigration, assimilation and distinctiveness, power and oppression, struggles for rights, regionalism, culture and the media, and the formation of new cultures.

  • Psychology
    • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    Psychology provides a solid overview of the field's major domains: methods, biopsychology, cognitive and developmental psychology, and variations in individual and group behavior.
    By focusing on significant scientific research and on the questions that are most important to psychologists, students see psychology as an evolving science. Each topic clusters around challenge questions, such as “What is happiness?” Students answer these questions before, during, and after they interact with direct instruction.

  • Sociology
    • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    Sociology examines why people think and behave as they do in relationships, groups, institutions, and societies.
    Major course topics include individual and group identity, social structures and institutions, social change, social stratification, social dynamics in recent and current events, the effects of social change on individuals, and the research methods used by social scientists.
    In online discussions and polls, students reflect critically on their own experiences and ideas, as well as on the ideas of sociologists. Interactive multimedia activities include personal and historical accounts to which students can respond, using methods of inquiry from sociology. Written assignments provide opportunities to practice and develop skills in thinking and communicating about human relationships, individual and group identity, and all other major course topics.

  • World Geography & Cultures
    • Transcript Category: Social Science or Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: A
    • NCAA Approved: Yes
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    Semester A
    The student will be taught to use the basic skills of map reading and development, geographic technology, and the recognition of geographic themes to make sense of the world. The course examines world regions including the nations, people, and cultures of the Americas and Western Europe.

    Semester B
    This second-semester course continues to teach the basic skills of map reading and development, the use of geographic technology, and the recognition of geographic themes. The focus examines the world regions, including the nations, people, and cultures of Central Europe and Northern Eurasia, Central and Southwest Asia, South Asia, Africa, East Asia, and the Pacific.
  • Health and Physical Education

    Health
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester
    • Health is a valuable, skills-based health education course designed for general education in grades 9 through 12. Health helps students develop knowledge, attitudes, and essential skills in a variety of health-related subjects, including mental and emotional health, social health, nutrition, physical fitness, substance use and abuse, disease prevention and treatment, and injury prevention and safety.
      Through use of accessible information and project-based learning, students apply the skills they need to stay healthy. These skills include identifying and accessing valid health information, practicing self-management, identifying internal and external influences, communicating effectively, making healthy decisions, setting goals, and advocating. Students who complete Health build the skills they need to protect, enhance, and promote their own health and the health of others.

      Health A & B
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters
      • Semester A
        In this course, students acquire the knowledge and skills they need to lead a healthy life. Semester A focuses on the impact of personal decisions on the student’s own health. Students learn how to find, evaluate, and use reliable information related to a variety of health topics. They also study the basic science behind nutrition, exercise, stress, and psychology, and examine how these factors affect a person’s overall health. Each lesson in the course guides students in applying what they have learned in the lesson to their own lives and choices—and gives them a chance to discuss the topic with peers and instructors.

        Semester B
        Semester B focuses on the developmental aspects of being human and healthy. Students learn about some of the more dramatic changes that the human body experiences from birth to death. They explore topics related to aging and sexuality and identify ways to remain healthy and safe throughout life’s major events and challenges. As in Semester A, this part of the course emphasizes what students can do to improve or maintain their own health and encourages them to be a positive influence on family and friends. Each lesson helps identify ways that students might use what they have learned in the lesson in their own lives. As in semester A, students discuss lesson topics with peers and/or an instructor.
    Physical Education
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: N/A
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester
    • Physical Education combines the best of online instruction with actual student participation in weekly cardiovascular, aerobic, and muscle toning activities. The course promotes a keen understanding of the value of physical fitness and aims to motivate students to participate in physical activities throughout their lives.
      Specific areas of study include: Cardiovascular exercise and care, safe exercising, building muscle strength and endurance, injury prevention, fitness skills and FITT benchmarks, goal setting, nutrition and diet (vitamins and minerals, food labels, evaluation product claims), and stress management. The course requires routine participation in adult-supervised physical activities. Successful completion of this course will require parent/legal guardian sign-off on student-selected physical activities and on weekly participation reports to verify the student is meeting his or her requirements and responsibilities.

      Health Opportunities through Physical Education
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: N/A
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester
      • Health Opportunities through Physical Education (HOPE) combines instruction in health and physical education in a full-year, integrated course. It focuses on developing skills, habits and attitudes to maintain a healthy lifestyle and applying lessons learned to physical fitness. Through active participation and real-world simulations, the course aims to demonstrate firsthand the value of conscientious lifestyle management.
        HOPE lays a foundation for making healthy decisions by building seven skills: accessing valid health information; analyzing internal and external influences; self-management; interpersonal communication; decision-making; goal setting; and advocacy. Students apply these skills to a variety of topics throughout the course, including mental and emotional health, social health, nutrition, physical fitness, substance use and abuse, disease prevention and treatment, and injury prevention and safety. Successful completion of this course will require parent/legal guardian sign-off on student-selected physical activities on weekly participation reports to verify the student is meeting his or her requirements and responsibilities.

        Personal Fitness
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: N/A
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester
        • In Personal Fitness, students are introduced to exercise and physical fitness and the general recommendations for physical activity, while examining the benefits of exercise, lifestyle choices that can help prevent disease, and tips for kick-starting a healthier lifestyle. Students will explore each type of fitness, include the benefits, and the federal guidelines for exercise in detail. Students will also learn about bones and joints and the functions of the skeleton, and the different types of movements that occur at various joints. Students will learn about the different types of muscle in their bodies, and how they are structured, with particular attention to the different types of muscle fibers. Students will explore the functions that muscles perform, how they work, and their interaction with the central nervous system and special considerations for safe and effective exercise.
          Students will learn how the cardio and respiratory systems work and interact with each other and about the different blood vessels that make up the circulatory (vascular) system. Students will learn about the body’s energy systems and how eating and drinking relates to exercise. Finally, students will learn about the psychology of exercising.
    First Aid
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: N/A
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester
    • In First Aid, students learn and practice first aid procedures for a variety of common conditions, including muscular, skeletal, and soft tissue injuries. In addition, students learn how to appropriately respond to a variety of emergency situations. They also learn the procedures for choking and CPR for infants, children, and adults. In addition to emergency response, students will explore personal, household, and outdoor safety, and disaster preparedness.

      Individual and Team Sports
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: N/A
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester
      • To improve and maintain optimum health, it is necessary for people of all ages to participate in physical exercise. There is little doubt that, in addition to students in schools, the number of adults participating in sports and recreational activities in the United States has increased in recent years. Physical education is much more than just fitness and exercise. A well-planned program will cause you to think and express your emotions about different situations. In addition, a good program can make a valuable contribution to your education. These experiences will help you develop a sense of wellness.
        Emphasis in this course is placed on the value of these sports as possible lifetime activities and on creating a clear explanation of the rules and basic principles of a variety of sports. The sports covered in this course are archery, bicycling, golf, skiing, tennis, volleyball, baseball, basketball, football, hockey, and soccer.
        Information about the playing area and equipment, basic rules, safety considerations, and terminology for each sport are included in the discussions. For the most part, the information presented in each lesson applies to sports programs throughout most sections of the United States.

        Nutrition
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval:G/li>
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester
        • Nutrition takes students through a comprehensive study of nutritional principles and guidelines. Students will learn about world-wide views of nutrition, nutrient requirements, physiological processes, food labeling, healthy weight management, diet related diseases, food handling, nutrition for different populations, and more. Students will gain important knowledge and skills to aid them in attaining and maintaining a healthy and nutritious lifestyle.

    Electives

    Advanced Drawing
    • Transcript Category: Fine Art or Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: F
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    • In Advanced Drawing, students will be reviewing basic drawing skills and the elements and principles of design, while exploring deeper how they are used in art. Students will also explore, in-depth, several different types of media and artistic styles in order to define their personal aesthetic and design their own compositions. In each section, students will observe and analyze various artworks to expand their knowledge of art history and develop their personal aesthetic.
      All projects in this course will be an original composition by the student. After instruction and research, students will be given prompts and guidelines on how to create each project, but the final outcome will be unique to each person. At the end of the last four modules, students will participate in either a self- or peer-critique. This is to help students learn to analyze their work and grow as an artist from the input of others.
      At the end of the course, students will compile and organize their artwork into a digital portfolio and write an artist statement. This can be used as a record of personal accomplishment or as an application to a secondary art program or job.

        Art Appreciation
      • Transcript Category: Fine Art or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: F
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • Art Appreciation is a survey of the history of Western visual arts, with a primary focus on painting. Students begin with an introduction to the basic principles of painting and learn how to critique and compare works of art. Students then explore prehistoric and early Greek and Roman art before they move on to the Middle Ages. Emphasis is placed on the Renaissance and the principles and masters that emerged in Italy and northern Europe. Students continue their art tour with the United States during the 20th century, a time of great innovation as abstract art took center stage. While Western art is the course's primary focus, students will finish the course by studying artistic traditions from Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas.
        Coverage of each artistic movement highlights historical context and introduces students to key artists that represent a variety of geographic locations. Throughout the course, students apply what they have learned about art critique to analyze and evaluate both individual artists and individual works of art.

        Art History
        • Transcript Category: Fine Art or Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: F
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • This Art History, course integrates the four components of art study: art production, historical and cultural context, critical process and aesthetic process. Students will be able to identify and describe art from prehistoric times to modern time. Throughout this course, students will discuss various artworks, research artists, and create documents and presentations demonstrating concepts learned.

          Basic Drawing
          • Transcript Category: Fine Art or Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: F
          • NCAA Approved: N/A
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • In Basic Drawing, students will experiment with several different art materials and tools to see what each tool can do best. Students will explore ordinary things around them to become more observant of the structures and meanings of things which can be seen in your their home and community. Your work will be your own study of the forms, textures, movements, and patterns of the things that you see every day.
            Each project and each lesson is based on the one before it; so always do the lessons in the order they are given. Be sure to follow the directions exactly regarding which materials, sizes, and subject matter to use for each project. Each lesson will be a study of a new way of drawing. The examples given will show only the method and materials to be used, never the same subject or size as the project assigned. The examples are never to be copied. An example will only show one way of using the technique described.
            By becoming more observant, by experimenting with new materials, and by exploring a variety of methods, students will continue to grow in artistic skill and enjoyment.
            Beyond fundamental skills are various levels of creativity. Each lesson provides room for expressing the technical skill learned in a unique, creative way.

            Beginning Painting
            • Transcript Category: Fine Art or Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: F
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Beginning Painting, introduces students to classical and contemporary painting, techniques and concepts, with emphasis on the understanding of its formal language and the fundamentals of artistic expression. Painting from still life, landscape, and life models from observation will be geared towards realism; at the same time, various other painting styles could be explored. Color theory, linear perspective, compositional structure, figure/ground relationships, visual perception, spatial concepts, and critical thinking skills will all be emphasized. Students will study and research major painting styles and movements in historical context. The hope is that students will use this global approach to develop a “critical eye” in evaluation of contemporary painting. Acrylic and watercolors are the mediums used in this class. The main emphasis of this course is to encourage and nourish individuality and creativity.

              Music Appreciation
              • Transcript Category: Fine Art or Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: F
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

              • Music Appreciation introduces students to the history, theory, and genres of music, from the most primitive surviving examples through the classical to the most contemporary in the world at large. The course is offered in a two-semester format. The first semester covers primitive musical forms and classical music. The second semester presents the rich modern traditions, including American jazz, gospel, folk, soul, blues, Latin rhythms, rock and roll, and hip-hop.
                The course explores the interface of music and social movements and examines how the emergent global society and the Internet bring musical forms together in new ways from all around the world.

                Theater Studies
                • Transcript Category: Fine Art or Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: F
                • NCAA Approved: N/A
                • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                • Have you ever wondered how a play goes from the playwright’s mind all the way into a multi- million dollar Broadway production? In Theater Studies, you’ll learn the whole process! This course provides a thorough introduction to the theater by providing an overview of major topics in theater studies, with a blend of theoretical and practical lessons. In the first half of this course you will learn about the definitions of theater, theater history, and contemporary theatrical genres. The second of half of the course will guide you through all of the elements of putting on a professional theatrical production. You will learn about the entire production process, from playwriting through opening night, including elements of technical theater, the rehearsal process, and audience response. Whether you’re an aspiring actor, technician, director, or producer, or even just an avid theater-goer, this course is for you.

  • BELLS (Business, Etiquette, Leadership, and Life Skills)*
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
    • BELLS™ is designed to prepare high school students for college and career success. Students learn about responsible budgeting, financial literacy, interviewing skills, resume writing, entrepreneurship, and many other crucial life skills. The BELLS™ program is a must-needed course and will build confidence in life skills for every student upon completion of this program.
      For more information, visit Imagine Etiquette.

      Character Education
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: N/A
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • Character Education teaches students practical skills for understanding and managing their emotions, setting goals and getting organized, understanding and getting along with others in our diverse world, and making good decisions. Research shows that people who practice these skills have greater academic achievement as students and experience more success and satisfaction as adults.

        Child Development
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • Child Development is designed to help prepare students for their responsibilities as parents and caregivers of children. Topics include prenatal care, growth and development through age six, teen pregnancy, maternal health, parenting skills, and child guidance.

          College and Career Preparation I
          • Transcript Category: Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: N/A
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • In College and Career Preparation I, students obtain a deeper understanding of what it means to be ready for college. Students are informed about the importance of high school performance in college admissions and how to prepare for college testing. They know the types of schools and degrees they may choose to pursue after high school and gain wide exposure to the financial resources available that make college attainable.
            Career readiness is also a focus. Students connect the link between interests, college majors, and future careers by analyzing career clusters. Students come away from this course understanding how smart preparation and skill development in high school can lead into expansive career opportunities after they have completed their education and are ready for the working world.
            Students who complete College and Career Preparation I have the basic skills and foundation of knowledge to progress into College and Career Preparation II, the capstone course that provides hands-on information about the transition from high school to college and career.

            College and Career Preparation II
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • College and Career Preparation II builds on the lessons and skills in College and Career Preparation I. The course provides a step-by-step guide to choosing a college. It walks students through the process of filling out an application, including opportunities to practice, and takes an in-depth look at the various college-admission tests and assessments, as well financial aid options.
              College and Career Preparation II also instructs students in interviewing techniques and provides career guidance. Students explore valuable opportunities such as job shadowing and internships when preparing for a career.
              Students who complete this course obtain a deeper understanding of college and career readiness through informative, interactive critical thinking and analysis activities while sharpening their time management, organization, and learning skills that they learned in College and Career Preparation I.
              College and Career Preparation II prepares students with the knowledge and skills to be successful in college and beyond.

              Computer Science Essentials
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

              • Computer Science Essentials offers a focused curriculum designed around foundational computer science concepts, including computer systems, programming, networks, and data management. The course also introduces students to foundational computer science skills such as coding, troubleshooting, and being a responsible digital citizen.
                Course topics include the history and impact of computers; careers in computer science; computing laws and ethics; bias and equity issues in computing; algorithms and coding; data storage, organization, and analysis; hardware and software; robotics; networks and the internet; cybersecurity and online safety; website design; and the use of abstraction in computing. Students discover new concepts through guided instruction and confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment.
                A variety of activities encourage students to explore different aspects of computer science. Lab activities guide students through coding their own programs. Project and Explore activities reinforce critical thinking, research, writing, and communication skills. In addition, Project activities guide students through the development of different types of computer artifacts. In Discussions, students conduct research on current computing topics and then exchange ideas with their peers. Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing, reasoning, and computer literacy skills.

                Psychology
                • Transcript Category: Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: G
                • NCAA Approved: N/A
                • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                • Psychology provides a solid overview of the field's major domains: methods, biopsychology, cognitive and developmental psychology, and variations in individual and group behavior.
                  By focusing on significant scientific research and on the questions that are most important to psychologists, students see psychology as an evolving science. Each topic clusters around challenge questions, such as “What is happiness?” Students answer these questions before, during, and after they interact with direct instruction.

                  Psychology A & B
                  • Transcript Category: Elective
                  • CA A-G Approval: G
                  • NCAA Approved: N/A
                  • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                  • Semester A
                    In Psychology A the student begins with a brief history of psychologists and their experimental methods. Next they examine personality theories. Then human development from the infant stage through adult stage is explored. Finally, the last part of the course is about consciousness: sleep, dreams, and conscious-altering substances. Students are encouraged to increase their own self-awareness as they move through the course.
                    Semester B
                    Students continue to learn about psychology. Students examine the nature of intelligence in humans and animals, including the origin of intelligence and how to measure it. They learn about learning with an emphasis on classical and operant conditioning. Students also investigate social psychology and psychological disorders. They demonstrate their understanding by completing projects in which they play roles like teacher, parent, and psychologist.

                    Sociology
                    • Transcript Category: Elective
                    • CA A-G Approval: G
                    • NCAA Approved: N/A
                    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                    • Sociology examines why people think and behave as they do in relationships, groups, institutions, and societies.
                      Major course topics include individual and group identity, social structures and institutions, social change, social stratification, social dynamics in recent and current events, the effects of social change on individuals, and the research methods used by social scientists.
                      In online discussions and polls, students reflect critically on their own experiences and ideas, as well as on the ideas of sociologists. Interactive multimedia activities include personal and historical accounts to which students can respond, using methods of inquiry from sociology. Written assignments provide opportunities to practice and develop skills in thinking and communicating about human relationships, individual and group identity, and all other major course topics.

                      Study Skills and Strategies
                      • Transcript Category: Elective
                      • CA A-G Approval: G
                      • NCAA Approved: N/A
                      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                      • The Study Skills and Strategies course equips students with skills and understandings critical to effective learning. Using a unique approach to the traditional topic of study skills, this course weaves understanding regarding the role of the brain in learning into the instruction of discrete learning skills and strategies. Moving beyond a list of good tips and ideas, the Study Skills and Strategies course will challenge students to develop intentional approaches to learning. They will be required to make connections between the strategies and skills they learn in this course and the implementation of those strategies and skills in their other coursework. Upon completion of the course, students will have learned a variety of specific learning skills and strategies, gained greater understanding of their own learning preferences, and become prepared to develop and implement specific learning and study plans for any academic course or other learning needs.

  • Courses are organized alphabetically.

    Accounting I
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Accounting I examines how to make decisions about planning, organizing, and allocating resources using accounting procedures. Throughout the course, students focus on double-entry accounting; methods and principles of recording business transactions; the preparation of various documents used in recording revenues, expenses, assets, and liabilities; and the preparation of financial statements.
      This course allows students to explore careers in accounting while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Students will engage in project-based activities such as analyzing financial statements; implementing the accounts payable and accounts receivable process; and determining payroll expenses and taxes. Active learning ensures that students continually focus on the technical and interpersonal skills necessary to prepare them for workplace. In addition, students will evaluate the roles and qualifications required for specific accounting careers so they can identify opportunities of interest to them.
      Accounting I is a full-year intermediate Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in the Finance or Business Management and Administration career clusters. This course is built to state and national CTE standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue certifications such as Associate in Regulation and Compliance, Certified Management Accountant, or Certified Quality Auditor.

      Accounting II
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

      • Accounting II builds on the foundation acquired in Accounting I, allowing students to extend their skills and knowledge in the subject. The course focuses on various managerial, financial, and operational accounting activities that require the formulation, interpretation, and communication of financial information for use in management decision making. Students will use equations, graphical representations, accounting tools, spreadsheet software, and accounting systems in real-world situations to maintain, monitor, control, and plan the use of financial resources.
        This course allows students to explore careers in accounting while learning financial skills applicable to any professional setting. Students engage in project-based activities such as analyzing financial statements, implementing the accounts payable and accounts receivable process, and determining payroll expenses and taxes. Active learning ensures that students continually focus on the technical and interpersonal skills necessary to prepare them for workplace. In addition, students evaluate the roles and qualifications required for specific accounting careers, so they can identify opportunities that interest them. Accounting II is a full-year advanced Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in the Finance or Business Management and Administration career clusters. This course is built to state and national CTE standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue certifications such as Associate in Regulation and Compliance, Certified Management Accountant, or Certified Quality Auditor.

        Adobe Illustrator
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • Adobe Illustrator introduces students to the Adobe Illustrator and prepares students to take the Adobe Certified Associate Certification Exam on Illustrator. Students will get an insight into what it is like working in the graphic design industry. Students will learn everything from absolute basics like navigating Illustrator to performing complex tasks like managing colors, drawing, creating illustrations, and much more. The online Adobe Illustrator course contains guided video tutorials, hands-on projects, and step-by-step resources that help students learn how to work in Illustrator.
          NOTE: This course requires the student have access to Adobe Creative Cloud for Education

          Adobe InDesign
          • Transcript Category: Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: N/A
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • Adobe InDesign introduces students to the world of Adobe InDesign. Students will get an insight into what it is like working in the print and digital media publishing industry. Over 10 modules, students will learn everything from absolute basics like navigating InDesign to performing complex tasks like creating multi-page documents, applying effects, and even creating original artwork. The course contains guided tutorials, do-it-yourself projects, and great resources that will help students practice and learn how to work in InDesign. The online Adobe InDesign course prepares students for the Adobe Certified Associate certification exam.
            NOTE: This course requires the student have access to Adobe Creative Cloud for Education

            Adobe Photoshop
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Adobe Photoshop introduces students to the world of Adobe Photoshop. Students will get an insight into what it is like working in the visual and graphic design industry. Over 11 modules, students will learn everything from absolute basics like navigating Photoshop to performing complex tasks like editing and retouching photos, applying filters and effects, and even creating original artwork. The course contains guided tutorials, do-it-yourself projects, and great resources that will help students practice and learn how to work in Photoshop. The online Adobe Photoshop course prepares students for the Adobe Certified Associate certification exam.
              NOTE: This course requires the student have access to Adobe Creative Cloud for Education

              Adobe Premiere Pro Certification Course
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

              • Adobe Premiere Pro introduces students to the world of Adobe Premiere Pro. Students will get an insight into the video design and production industry. Over 7 modules, students will progress from absolute basics like navigation to performing complex tasks like editing videos, applying filters and effects, and even creating original artwork. The online Adobe Premiere Pro course contains guided tutorials, engaging projects, and great resources that will help students practice and learn how to work in Premiere Pro. This course also prepares students for the Adobe Certified Associate Certification Exam on Premiere Pro.
                NOTE: This course requires the student have access to Adobe Creative Cloud for Education

                Aeronautics and Space Travel
                • Transcript Category: Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: G
                • NCAA Approved: N/A
                • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                • Aeronautics and Space Travel introduces students to the history and near future of space travel. Students will explore the possibilities of moon bases, Mars colonies, and visiting the outer planets in our solar system and their moons. Students will also discuss important ethical and legal issues around space exploration, such as asteroid mining and war in space. The online Aeronautics course gives an expansive view of the technologies, science, and theories that will make far-fetched dreams into realities during the student’s lifetime.

                  Arts Careers
                  • Transcript Category: Elective
                  • CA A-G Approval: G
                  • NCAA Approved: N/A
                  • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                  • Arts Careers: For every Broadway dancer, every television star, and every pop singer, there are countless people behind the scenes helping to make it happen. Our online Arts Careers course introduces students to the skills that are part of many fascinating careers in the arts. Studying the arts creates independent and innovative thinkers and many doors are open to an artist with the proper training.
                    NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
                    Digital Camera (camera phone, DSLR and other devices with a camera is acceptable)
                    Video Camera (camera phone, DSLR and other devices with a camera is acceptable)
                    Video software (iMovie and other video editing software is acceptable)


                    Architectural Design
                    • Transcript Category: Elective
                    • CA A-G Approval: G
                    • NCAA Approved: N/A
                    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                    • Semester A
                      In this online architectural design course, students will learn various concepts used in the design and architecture field. They will gain an understanding of basic architectural and civil drawings as well as prepare for the Autodesk® Certified User certification in AutoCAD exam. In addition to learning fundamental architectural drawing concepts like creating site plans, floor plans, and electrical plans, students will learn functions of Computer-Aided Drafting (CAD). CAD functions build on the foundation of architectural drawing, using specialized tools for enhancement, layout, and scale. Students will review the essentials of civil drawings including the interpretation and development of topographical illustrations. To round out the course, students will prepare computer-aided drawings to demonstrate utilizing software to perform activities such as drawing site plans, roof plans, and wall sections. Finally, students will be provided an overview of the requirements, structure, and preparation techniques for the Autodesk® Certified User certification in AutoCAD exam.

                      Semester B
                      The focus of Architectural Design II course is to identify the common sequential processes used in computer-aided drafting (CAD). These processes will provide students with the foundation of creating drawings in CAD software including the use of lines, circles, arcs, text, varied text styles, multi-leaders, dimensions, dimension styles, crosshatching, object property commands, arrays, reference angles, layers, page setup, reusable content, and gradient patterns. Students will also explore concepts of ethics and legal responsibilities. They will identify how policies and procedures are used to develop company culture and professional standards. Students will have the opportunity to investigate career opportunities in the drafting professions. They will learn about the importance of developing a digital portfolio from their academic and professional experience. The course will culminate with a project that utilizes the processes they’ve learned in their readings.

                      NOTE: This courses requires the student have access to:
                      AutoCAD

                      Certification
                      This course prepares students for the Autodesk® Certified User in Auto- CAD Certification Exam. To learn more select the following link: https://www.certiport.com/Portal/Common/DocumentLibrary/Autodesk_Data_Sheet.pdf

                      Augmented and Virtual Reality Applications
                      • Transcript Category: Elective
                      • CA A-G Approval: G
                      • NCAA Approved: N/A
                      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                      • Augmented and Virtual Reality Applications: Separating hype from reality is hard… especially in the fast-growing and evolving space of augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR). Recent advances in technology has allowed AR/VR systems to become extremely sophisticated and realistic. This course introduces students to the technologies that underpin AR/VR systems. Then the course walks through 7 applications of AR/VR and how they will change and impact numerous aspects of our lives and the economy. Students will also learn about and discuss the risks and side effects of these systems, including health, privacy, and ethical implications in our Augmented and Virtual Reality course.

                        Basic Web Design
                        • Transcript Category: Elective
                        • CA A-G Approval: G
                        • NCAA Approved: N/A
                        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                        • In Basic Web Design, students will learn how to design a beautiful and functional website. Students will learn how to take their design and translate it into a live website using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) programing languages. HTML5 and CSS3 will be the standard versions used in the class. Students will understand design components of websites, including the use of color, layout and when to use different techniques, typography rules, and the importance of imagery. At the conclusion of the course, students will present a website to the class. Upon completion of this course, each student will have hands-on experience creating a fully functioning website.
                          Students do not need to have a previous technical background with HTML or CSS prior to taking this course.
                          NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
                          HTML Text Editor (choose one):
                          -- TextEdit – For use on Mac – comes with OS
                          -- Notepad – For use on Windows – comes with OS
                          -- Text – For use on Chromebook – free app download from the Google Store
                          Image Editing Software (choose one):
                          -- Pixlr – https://pixlr.com/editor/ (in-browser)
                          -- GIMP – http://www.gimp.org/downloads/ (downloadable program)
                          Webhosting and basic in-browser FTP:
                          -- Neocities – https://www.neocities.org


                          Building Maintenance Technology
                          • Transcript Category: Elective
                          • CA A-G Approval: G
                          • NCAA Approved: N/A
                          • Length:Full year or 2 semesters

                          • Semester A
                            The Building Maintenance Technology course will focus on all aspects of the construction industry from health and safety to the tools that every construction professional needs in their collection. They will learn about the various roles in the industry as well as job outlooks, educational and experiential requirements, and salary information. Some activities will focus on career exploration to discover career options that best align with interests and talents. Students will learn basic construction math and how it is applied during design and building phases of projects. They will learn specifics about carpentry, construction drawings, framing floor systems, framing walls, and framing roofs. Throughout, they will establish a foundation for what opportunities exist for them in the industry.

                            Semester B
                            The Building Maintenance Technology II course will focus on construction component, masonry skills, and OSHA. Students will learn about the various masonry and concrete skills as well as safety measures. Some activities will focus on real-world application of learned skills with hands on components. Students will learn about erecting, plumbing, and bracing in relation to concrete as well as laying masonry units. Finally, students will learn important science skills for the construction industry and prepare for OSHA 30-hour certification.
                            Certification
                            This course prepares students for the OSHA 30-hour construction certification. For more information go here: https://www.osha.gov/training/outreach

                            Business Applications
                            • Transcript Category: Elective
                            • CA A-G Approval: G
                            • NCAA Approved: N/A
                            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                            • Business Applications prepares students to succeed in the workplace. Students begin by establishing an awareness of the roles essential to an organization's success, and then work to develop an understanding of professional communications and leadership skills. In doing so, students gain proficiency with word processing, email, and presentation management software.
                              This course allows students to explore careers in business while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Through a series of hands-on activities, students will create, analyze, and critique reports, letters, project plans, presentations, and other professional communications. Regular engagement in active learning ensures students can continually refine the skills necessary to prepare them for work. In addition, students will evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers so they can identify opportunities that are of interest to them.
                              Business Applications is an introductory level Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in business, management, and administration; information technology; and other career clusters. This course is built to state and national standards. Students who successfully complete the course can go on to obtain the Microsoft® Office Specialist: Microsoft® Office Word certification. (Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.)

                              Business Law
                              • Transcript Category: Elective
                              • CA A-G Approval: G
                              • NCAA Approved: N/A
                              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                              • Business Law: Students learn about the American legal system. They examine ethics, court systems, criminal law, and law of torts. They examine how the court systems work together, and what misconduct results in going to court. It is important to also understand your consumer rights. As they progress through the course, they will also gain an understanding from a business perspective what is right and wrong business actions and employment laws. As an employee or employer it is important to understand the laws that protect the employee and employer. The study will focus on the formation of a business and the basic legal issues associated with each type of business.



    Career Exploration in Dentistry
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    • Career Exploration in Dentistry introduces students to the exciting and varied career opportunities in the dentistry profession, from dental assistant all the way up through oral surgeon. Students will review the history of dentistry globally and in the U.S., and will learn key dental terminology. The course will introduce the roles and tasks done as well as skills and education required of nearly every member of the dental staff. Students will gain an understanding of what it takes to perform each position, and how they work together.

      Career Exploration in Finance
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • Career Exploration in Finance introduces students to the challenging and lucrative world of finance. While “Wall Street” may still get a bad rap after the 2008 financial crisis, finance careers still remain highly sought after and can be highly rewarding. The course reviews key financial terms and examines various groups, positions, and roles within financial institutions. Students will learn about resumes, interviews, and networking. Students will also discuss ethics on Wall Street and the role of finance within society.

        Career Exploration in Healthcare
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • Career Exploration in Healthcare introduces students to the exciting and varied career opportunities in the health care industry that will be in demand in their future! The course will introduce the roles and tasks, identify education and skills needed, identify responsibilities of roles which support or supervise their role, analyze legal and ethical responsibilities, limitations, and implications for each of these professions. Get ready. Get set. Learn about the Future of Health Care Careers!

          Career Planning
          • Transcript Category: Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: N/A
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • The Career Planning course guides students through the essential elements of the career planning process and the development of a defined career plan. Students will consider the many factors that impact career success and satisfaction. Using a process of investigation, research, and self-discovery, students will acquire the understandings critical to the career planning process. Upon completion of the course, students will have created a practical and comprehensive college or career transition portfolio that reflects their skills and abilities, as well as their interests, values, and goals.

            Cloud Technologies and the Internet of Things
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Cloud Technologies and the Internet of Things: First, we had the internet of computers. Then with the advent of email and social media, along with mobile technology, it became the internet of people. Today’s world is increasingly becoming the internet of things. With advances in battery power, sensors, and computer chips, more and more devices are being connected to the internet. This will allow them to be monitored, controlled, and used more effectively for people and businesses. This course will examine the trends and opportunities surrounding the Internet of Things (IoT). Students will learn about the technologies, hardware, and software that underpin the Internet of Things. The course will examine a variety of end-market applications in our homes, businesses and cities. Finally, students will learn about the many career opportunities that the Internet of Things will enable.

              Computer Applications
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

              • Computer Applications provides an introduction to software applications that prepares students to succeed in the workplace and beyond. Students will develop an understanding of professional communications and leadership skills while gaining proficiency with word processing, email, and presentation management software. Students will also be able to demonstrate digital literacy through basic study web publishing and design, spreadsheets and database software.
                This course allows students to explore careers in the fields of business and information technology while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Through a series of hands-on activities, students will create, analyze, and critique reports, letters, project plans, presentations, and other professional communications. Regular engagement in active learning ensures students can continually refine the skills necessary to prepare them for work. In addition, students will evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers so they can identify opportunities that are of interest to them.
                Computer Applications is an introductory level Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in Business Management and Administration, Information Technology, and other career clusters. This course is built to state and national standards.

                Computer Basics
                • Transcript Category: Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: G
                • NCAA Approved: N/A
                • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                • In Computer Basics, you will learn how to use productivity and collaboration tools, such as G Suite by Google Cloud to create word processing documents, spreadsheets, surveys and forms such as personal budgets and invitations.

                  Construction: Fundamentals and Careers
                  • Transcript Category: Elective
                  • CA A-G Approval: G
                  • NCAA Approved: N/A
                  • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                  • Construction: Fundamentals and Careers introduces students to some of the foundational elements of home construction and then does a deep dive into careers, technology, and the future of home construction. It also addresses some of the academic proficiencies that different careers in the field of home construction will have to have. Later in the course, specific careers, career outlooks, and specialized education and training requirements will be covered. Students will discover the varied roles within the field as well as what it takes to own a construction company. Finally, the course delves into green construction and where the future of construction is headed.

                    Cybersecurity (Accelerate)
                    • Transcript Category: Elective
                    • CA A-G Approval: G
                    • NCAA Approved: N/A
                    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                    • In the Cybersecurity course, students will learn about the practice of protecting networks, systems, and programs from digital attacks. They will better understand the aim of these attacks, such as destroying information, extorting money and resources, or disrupting business operations. They will learn about the challenges and opportunities that implementing cybersecurity measures can present. As attackers become more innovative, it is more important than ever to have effective cybersecurity channels in place to counter them. Students will learn about countermeasures and role recovery and their integral function in the cybersecurity realm. Additionally, students will learn what makes certain networks and systems more vulnerable to attacks. They will become adept at identifying potential viruses, worms, threats, and malware. The Cybersecurity course acts as a foundation on which to build extensive knowledge about threats to digital security.

                      Digital Media
                      • Transcript Category: Elective
                      • CA A-G Approval: G
                      • NCAA Approved: N/A
                      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                      • Digital Media is a project-based survey of different forms of digital media, such as digital audio, imaging and illustration, movie editing, and animation. It’s oriented toward teaching broad, flexible tools and concepts that are not tied to any one platform or program. Each module ends with a culminating task (like a podcast or short film), and students will be able to draft and develop their projects as they build their skills over each lesson.
                        NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
                        - Printer
                        - Camera
                        - Scanner (optional)
                        - Audacity
                        - GIMP
                        - Inkscape
                        - DaVinci Resolve (free version)
                        - Pencil2D
                        - Blender
                        - GDevelop
                        - Piskel


                        Drones: Remote Pilot
                        • Transcript Category: Elective
                        • CA A-G Approval: G
                        • NCAA Approved: N/A
                        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                        • Drones: Remote Pilot prepares students to take the Federal Aviation Administration’s Part A exam, which is a key step to becoming a commercial drone pilot. The field of unmanned aerial vehicles is growing rapidly, as the opportunities to use them for search and rescue, photography, recreation, inspection, and many others continue to multiply. Students will learn the critical facts to prepare for the test’s topics, which include regulations, airspace & requirements, weather, loading & performance, and operations. The course will conclude with a look at the most promising careers in the field of drones.



    Early Childhood Education
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    • Semester A
      The Early Childhood Education course is designed to provide an overview of the expectations and roles of the early childhood educator. The course provides details about childhood development, health, nutrition, and guidance strategies to help students understand the exciting and unique opportunities that a career in early childhood education can offer. The course is intended to prepare students for challenges they may face, but to emphasize the rewards of being able to influence the life of a young child. The ability to offer support to children as they learn and grow is a point that is highlighted throughout each lesson.

      Semester B
      The Early Childhood Education B course is designed to provide an overview of the professional expectations of being an early childhood educator. Throughout the course, students will learn about what it means to be a professional, including the significance of professional development in any educational role. They will review observational methods and the history of education in the United States, with a focus on early childhood and school-age programs. They will spend a significant portion of the course learning about the importance of Developmentally Appropriate Practice and how to implement DAP strategies. Designing physical, social, and temporal environments will also be a major focus of the course, as will developing relationships with families and communities to strengthen their position and knowledge.
      Certification
      This course prepares students for the Child Development Associate (CDA). Certification requires that students take both Early Childhood Education I and Early Childhood Education II. These courses prepare students for the preapplication phase of 120 hours of instruction in the core areas of focus. For more information on the application process, visit: https://www.cdacouncil.org/credentials/apply-for-cda/cte-high-schools

      Entrepreneurship & Small Business
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • Entrepreneurship & Small Business teaches students practical skills for understanding and managing their emotions, setting goals and getting organized, understanding and getting along with others in our diverse world, and making good decisions. Research shows that people who practice these skills have greater academic achievement as students and experience more success and satisfaction as adults.

        Entrepreneurship & Small Business
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • Entrepreneurship & Small Business will prepare students for certification in Entrepreneurship and Small Business. The modules are designed to cover all aspects of entrepreneurship including traits of successful entrepreneurs, business management, hiring employees, creating a company culture, managing finances, and marketing products and services. Each module will challenge students to put themselves in the role of an entrepreneur and consider how they will handle the extensive responsibilities of starting a business. This course prepares students for the Entrepreneurship and Small Business Certification Exam.

          Financial Literacy
          • Transcript Category: Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: N/A
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • Financial Literacy: This course is designed to help students budget, keep a checkbook and filing system, deal with debt and credit, and become wiser consumers. Students will learn how money and the dynamics surrounding it affect their relationships, their lifestyles, and their retirement.

            Fundamentals of Blockchain & Cryptography
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Fundamentals of Blockchain & Cryptography: Blockchain seems to be the latest buzzword that the business world is taking about. But what is it? And why should a high school student care? This course will seek to answer those questions. It will strip away the layers of complexity and sophistication to help students understand the key concepts of the blockchain. The course will introduce and discuss applications where blockchain has the greatest potential.

              Fundamentals of Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

              • In Fundamentals of Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency, students will learn all about bitcoin, including its history, development, and context within the modern global economy. Students will learn the basic cryptographic principles that underlie bitcoin, and gain confidence by demonstrating strong security principles in storing and transacting bitcoin. Key principles such as mining, wallets, and hashing will be introduced. And finally, they will be familiarized with the nascent industry of digital currencies and how they function.

                Graphic Design
                • Transcript Category: Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: G
                • NCAA Approved: N/A
                • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                • Graphic Design is an introduction to elements of design, spatial relationships, typography and imagery as they apply to practical visual solutions for self-promotion, resumes, logo design, Web design, and sequential systems. In this course, the student explores the basic foundations of design through a series of visual projects that explore the principles and elements of design. Students will work both with analog and digital media as they explore two-dimensional and three-dimensional design along with color theory. This course will help develop and explore a student’s ability to communicate visually.
                  In each lesson students acquire new skills, which take some effort. Beyond fundamental skills are various levels of creativity. Each lesson provides room for a student to express the technical skill learned in his or her own creative way.
                  NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
                  - Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop Adobe Creative Cloud for Education
                  - GIMP (free downloadable, Mac OS X, Windows, GNU/Linux)
                  - Pixlr (free browser-based program, Mac OS X, Windows, GNU/Linux, Chrome OS)


                  Health Careers
                  • Transcript Category: Elective
                  • CA A-G Approval: G
                  • NCAA Approved: N/A
                  • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                  • In Health Careers, students explore a variety of career options related to the health care field, including medicine, nursing, physical therapy, pharmacy, dental careers, child care, sports medicine, personal training, social work, psychology, and more. Students will learn about various options within each field, what each of these jobs entails, and the education and knowledge required to be successful. In addition, they will focus on basic job skills and information that would aid them in health care and other career paths.

                    History of Gaming and Esports
                    • Transcript Category: Elective
                    • CA A-G Approval: G
                    • NCAA Approved: N/A
                    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                    • In History of Gaming and Esports, students will learn about the technologies and design principles that have been the foundation of the development of video game technology over the last 50 years. Students will examine and discuss the impact of video games on culture and the economy. Students will learn about the current gaming and e-sports landscape, including strategies and techniques of top teams and individuals. This course will also discuss the risks and dangers of video games and understand how to set appropriate time and content parameters. Finally, the course will identify career paths and opportunities for those who are passionate about gaming.

                      History of Gaming and Esports
                      • Transcript Category: Elective
                      • CA A-G Approval: G
                      • NCAA Approved: N/A
                      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                      • In History of Gaming and Esports, students will learn about the technologies and design principles that have been the foundation of the development of video game technology over the last 50 years. Students will examine and discuss the impact of video games on culture and the economy. Students will learn about the current gaming and e-sports landscape, including strategies and techniques of top teams and individuals. This course will also discuss the risks and dangers of video games and understand how to set appropriate time and content parameters. Finally, the course will identify career paths and opportunities for those who are passionate about gaming.

                        Human Resources Principles
                        • Transcript Category: Elective
                        • CA A-G Approval: G
                        • NCAA Approved: N/A
                        • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                        • Human Resources Principles examines the main functions of human resources management, including planning, recruitment, selection, training, development, compensation, and evaluation. In so doing, the course provides students with the tools to hire, manage, and fire employees. Students will also explore the unique role of human resources in the larger organization.
                          This course allows students to explore careers in business while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Through a series of hands-on activities, students will create a recruiting plan, develop a strategy to promote a positive organizational culture, and analyze the impact of globalization on the human resources. Regular engagement in active learning ensures students can continually refine the skills necessary to prepare them for work. In addition, students will evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers so they can identify opportunities of interest to them.
                          Human Resources Principles is a full-year intermediate or capstone Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in the Business, Management and Administration career cluster. This course is built to state and national standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue certifications such as Associate Professional in Human ResourcesTM, Certified Administrative Manager, or Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM)®.

    Information Technology Applications
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    • Information Technology Applications prepares students to work in the field of Information Technology. Students will be able to demonstrate digital literacy through basic study of computer hardware, operating systems, networking, the Internet, web publishing, spreadsheets and database software. Through a series of hand-on activities, students will learn what to expect in the field of Information Technology and begin exploring career options in the field.
      Information Technology Applications is an introductory level Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in information technology as well as other career clusters. This course is built to state and national standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue the Microsoft® Office Specialist certifications in Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access, as well as IC3 certification.

      Intro to Artificial Intelligence
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • Intro to Artificial Intelligence teaches what every student should know about Artificial Intelligence. AI is a fast-moving technology with impacts and implications for both our individual lives and society as a whole. In this course, students will get a basic introduction to the building blocks and components of artificial intelligence, learning about concepts like algorithms, machine learning, and neural networks. Students will also explore how AI is already being used, and evaluate problem areas of AI, such as bias. The course also contains a balanced look at AI’s impact on existing jobs, as well as its potential to create new and exciting career fields in the future. Students will leave the course with a solid understanding of what AI is, how it works, areas of caution, and what they can do with the technology.

        Intro to Business
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • Intro to Business introduces students to the basic business concepts that will help them understand how a business survives in today’s economy and the role that consumers play in the same economy. Students will learn how to balance a checkbook, save for the future, and use credit wisely. Students will also learn how to create a resume and how to participate in a job interview.

          Intro to Education & Teaching
          • Transcript Category: Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: N/A
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • Intro to Education & Teaching is designed to prepare future educators for the classroom they will inherit! It starts with a history of education and how blended, adaptive, and personalized learning are coming to the forefront in learning. It then explores new and emerging technologies, along with their current and future impact on education. Throughout the course, students will explore a wide range of career possibilities in the education field and evaluate both the promises and pitfalls of technology in education.

            Intro to Education & Teaching
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Intro to Education & Teaching is designed to prepare future educators for the classroom they will inherit! It starts with a history of education and how blended, adaptive, and personalized learning are coming to the forefront in learning. It then explores new and emerging technologies, along with their current and future impact on education. Throughout the course, students will explore a wide range of career possibilities in the education field and evaluate both the promises and pitfalls of technology in education.

              Intro to Java Programming
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

              • Intro to Java Programming:. Java is one of the most widely used computer languages in the world. This course will teach students Java by having them complete multiple projects, both in the console and user interface, including: mad libs, player vs computer games, battleship, tic tac toe, picture shuffler and many more. This is course is meant to give students lots of experience in Java by creating multiple stand alone programs. This course assumes no coding experience with Java programming and includes self graded quizzes and tests.
                NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
                HTML Text Editor (choose one):
                - TextEdit – For use on Mac – comes with OS
                - Notepad – For use on Windows – comes with OS
                - Text – For use on Chromebook – free app download from the Google Store
                Eclipse: http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/eclipse-packages/

                Intro to Nursing
                • Transcript Category: Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: G
                • NCAA Approved: N/A
                • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                • Intro to Nursing: This two semester course introduces students to the field of nursing. In the first semester students will learn about the history and evolution of nursing, education and licensure requirements, career path options, and nursing responsibilities. Students will also focus on foundational information such as basic anatomy, physiology, medical terminology, pharmacology, first aid, and disease prevention.
                  In semester two students will examine various nursing theories, as well as focus on the nursing process, including assessment, diagnosis, and treatment options. Students will also learn about professional and legal standards and ethics. Additional skills of communication, teaching, time and stress management, patient safety, crisis management will be included.

                  Introduction to Business and Technology
                  • Transcript Category: Elective
                  • CA A-G Approval: G
                  • NCAA Approved: N/A
                  • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                  • Introduction to Business and Technology provides the foundational knowledge and skills students need for careers in business and technology. Throughout the course, students gain a knowledge of business principles and communication skills, an understanding of the impact of financial and marketing decisions, and proficiency in the technologies required by business. Students will also learn the essentials of working in a business environment, managing a business, and owning a business.
                    This course allows students to explore careers in business and information technology while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Through a variety of hands-on activities, students will engage with word processing, presentation, and spreadsheet software and explore operating systems, networking, and the Internet. Regular engagement in active learning ensures students can continually refine the skills necessary to prepare them for work. In addition, students will evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers so they can identify opportunities of interest to them.
                    Introduction to Business and Technology is a full-year introductory Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in the Business, Management and Administration and Information Technology career clusters, as well as other career clusters. This course is built to state and national standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue certifications such as Microsoft® Office Specialist certifications in Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access, as well as IC3 certification.

                    JavaScript
                    • Transcript Category: Elective
                    • CA A-G Approval: G
                    • NCAA Approved: N/A
                    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                    • JavaScript:. In this course, students will learn how to start programming with JavaScript. Students will learn the basics of JavaScript including testing, functions, objects, arrays, loops, conditional code, operators and syntax basics. Students will learn timing and animations, and how to debug. The class will conclude with a robust project that incorporates everything they learned in the semester.
                      Students should have a working knowledge of HTML and CSS prior to taking this course.
                      NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
                      HTML Text Editor (choose one):
                      - TextEdit – For use on Mac – comes with OS
                      - Notepad – For use on Windows – comes with OS
                      - Text – For use on Chromebook – free app download from the Google Store
                      Image Editing Software (choose one):
                      - Pixlr – https://pixlr.com/editor/ (in-browser)
                      - GIMP – http://www.gimp.org/downloads/ (downloadable program)
                      Webhosting and basic in-browser FTP:
                      - Neocities – https://www.neocities.org


                      Journalism
                      • Transcript Category: Elective
                      • CA A-G Approval: G
                      • NCAA Approved: N/A
                      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                      • Journalism is designed to prepare you to become a student of journalism and media. The work we do here will equip you with the critical skills you must have to succeed in high school media, college media, and beyond. We will read a variety of journalistic material and do a great deal of news writing. We will also look at journalism from legal, ethical, and historic vantage points. Expect to complete numerous writing activities in a variety of styles including editorial, hard news, feature, review, and more. If you participate actively, you will gain tremendous skills that will serve you for the rest of your life. Individual and group project will also be a part of this class. This course is a project based course and does not include traditional tests, unit level understanding is assessed through unit projects.

                        LEED Green Associate
                        • Transcript Category: Elective
                        • CA A-G Approval: G
                        • NCAA Approved: N/A
                        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                        • LEED Green Associate introduces students to the LEED process. LEED, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is the global standard for green building certification. Throughout the course, students will gain an understanding of the various components of green building. The theme of sustainability and sustainable construction is woven throughout each module both in terms of physical environment and as it pertains to LEED certification. This course prepares students for the LEED Green Associate Certification Exam.

                          Legal Environment of Business
                          • Transcript Category: Elective
                          • CA A-G Approval: G
                          • NCAA Approved: N/A
                          • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                          • Legal Environment of Business examines the role of the law on all aspects of business ownership and management. Throughout the course, students focus on legal ethics, court procedures, torts, contracts, consumer law, property law, employment law, environmental law, and international law. Students also explore the impact of laws, regulations, and judicial decisions on society at large.
                            This course allows students to explore careers in business while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Through a series of hands-on activities, students will prepare legal documents, create a compliance plan, and research consumer protection issues. Regular engagement in active learning ensures students can continually refine the skills necessary to prepare them for work. In addition, students will evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers so they can identify opportunities of interest to them.
                            Legal Environment of Business is a full-year intermediate or capstone Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in the Business, Management and Administration career cluster. This course is built to state and national standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue certifications such as Accredited Legal Professional, Certified Administrative Manager, or Certified Associate in Project Management®.

    Media and Communication
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    • Media and Communication: From banner ads to billboards, newspaper articles, and Facebook feeds, people are constantly sharing ideas. This course looks at the many facets of mass media. Students will learn how the media shapes every aspect of our lives. We examine the role of newspapers, books, magazines, radio, movies, television, and the growing influence of Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter.

      Medicine
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • Medicine: This course provides students with an introduction to healthcare, with emphasis on modern, clinical medicine. Students review basic human anatomy and physiology, then study major health concerns affecting people in the U.S. and the world. This comprehensive, 6-unit course examines such topics as infectious diseases, cancer, traumatic injuries, and healthcare career opportunities.

        Microsoft Excel
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • Microsoft Excel introduces students to Microsoft Excel. Knowledge of this fundamental spreadsheet software has proven to boost career and employment prospects. Excel skills can boost productivity as a student and are useful in daily life, such as managing personal finances. Through an engaging and scaffolded approach, students advance from absolute basics like formatting and navigation, to performing complex tasks like data manipulation, macros, and PivotTables.
          Certification
          This course prepares students for the Microsoft Office Associate Microsoft Excel Certification.

          Microsoft PowerPoint
          • Transcript Category: Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: N/A
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • Microsoft PowerPoint introduces students to Microsoft PowerPoint. Students will gain critical skills in this essential presentation software, which will benefit them in their education and professional futures! Students start by learning fundamentals like slide creation and navigation, and progress to more complex tasks like 3DModels, Animations, and Transitions.
            Certification
            This course prepares students for the Microsoft Office Associate Microsoft PowerPoint Certification.

            Microsoft Word
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Microsoft Word introduces students to Microsoft Word. Students will gain insights into the features and capabilities of this essential software within personal, educational, and business settings. Over 11 modules, students progress from absolute basics like navigation, to performing complex tasks like graphic elements and collaboration.
              Certification
              This course prepares students for the Microsoft Office Associate Microsoft Word Certification.

              Networking
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

              • Networking identifies the key principles of Networking in today’s connected world. From network fundamentals and componentry to automation and programming, students learn the details of network access, connectivity, and security essentials. Through engaging interactivities, simulations, and projects, students will explore these networking concepts to further their career potential in this field.
                Certification
                This course also prepares students for the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) exam.

                Principles of Architecture
                • Transcript Category: Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: G
                • NCAA Approved: N/A
                • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                • In Principles of Architecture, students will review various concepts used in the design and architecture field. They will learn about basic drafting equipment and how to use and maintain it. They will analyze challenges and solutions within the development of design. They will also learn how to prepare drawings manually and using AutoCAD software. A substantial portion of the course will be spent on sequential processes so that students develop an understanding of creating and annotating drawings as well as how to apply standard rules regarding line types, offset objects, creating layers, and setting up a page for plotting. They will also explore three-dimensional drawing and use coordinating and navigation systems to create them.
                  NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
                  - AutoCAD


                  Principles of Business, Marketing, and Finance
                  • Transcript Category: Elective
                  • CA A-G Approval: G
                  • NCAA Approved: N/A
                  • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                  • Principles of Business, Marketing, and Finance provides the knowledge and skills students need for careers in business and marketing. Students begin exploring roles and functions that business and marketing play in a global society, develop an understanding of the market place, as well as understanding product placement and promotion.
                    Students analyze the impact of government, legal systems, and organized labor on business; develop an understanding of business communications and management; and explore legal, ethical, and financial issues in business and marketing. Furthermore, students delve into basic economic concepts including personal finance, economic systems, cost-profit relationships, and economic indicators and trends.
                    Using hands-on activities, students reinforce, apply and transfer academic knowledge and skills to a variety of interesting and relevant real-world inspired scenarios. This course focuses on developing knowledge and skills around marketing, pricing, distribution and management, while also focusing on economics and interpersonal skills. This course also addresses exploring career options in business and marketing as well as securing and keeping a job.

                    Principles of Health Science
                    • Transcript Category: Elective
                    • CA A-G Approval: G
                    • NCAA Approved: N/A
                    • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                    • Principles of Health Science provides knowledge and skills students need for careers in health care. Students explore the services, structure, and professions of the health care system and get guidance on choosing a specific career path in health services, including career paths in emergency medicine, nutrition, and alternative medicine.
                      Students focus on day-to-day skills and expectations for health professionals, which include promoting wellness, maintaining a safe environment, creating medical records, and practicing good communication, collaboration, and leadership. In addition, students will expand their understanding of health and safety systems, how to address emergency situations, and deal with infection control issues. Students will also explore topics in medical science, terminology, procedures, and regulations - including an overview of physiology and medical measurements.
                      Using real-life scenarios and application-driven activities, students learn the responsibilities and challenges of being health care professionals and deepen their knowledge of various career options. In addition to building their understanding of technical concepts and skills, students evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers and develop personal career plans to pursue work in the health care industry and extend their knowledge of oral and written communication in health science.

                      Principles of Information Technology
                      • Transcript Category: Elective
                      • CA A-G Approval: G
                      • NCAA Approved: N/A
                      • Length: Full year or 2 semesters

                      • Principles of Information Technology prepares students to succeed in the workplace. Students begin by establishing an awareness of the roles essential to an organization's success, and then work to develop an understanding of professional communications and leadership skills. In doing so, students gain proficiency with word processing, email, and presentation management software. Students will also be able to demonstrate digital literacy through basic study of computer hardware, operating systems, networking, the Internet, web publishing, spreadsheets and database software.
                        This course allows students to explore careers in information technology and business while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Through a series of hands-on activities, students will create, analyze, and critique reports, letters, project plans, presentations, and other professional communications. Students will learn what to expect in the field of Information Technology and begin exploring career options in the field. Regular engagement in active learning ensures students can continually refine the skills necessary to prepare them for work. In addition, students will evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers so they can identify opportunities that are of interest to them.
                        Principles of Information Technology is a full-year introductory Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in business, management, and administration; information technology; and other career clusters. This course is built to state and national standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue the Microsoft® Office Specialist certifications in Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access*, as well as IC3 certification.
                        *Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

                        Project Management
                        • Transcript Category: Elective
                        • CA A-G Approval: G
                        • NCAA Approved: N/A
                        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                        • Project Management is intended to identify the key components of a career as a project manager. Students will review the basics in project management terminology, such as designating distinctions among projects, products, programs, and portfolios. They will delve into concepts like managing deliverables and creating engaging relationships with stakeholders. The primary components of project planning will be laid out and described in detail. Students will explore teams and organizational structures. They will discover project management tools and innovation being used in the industry. Overall, they will develop a greater understanding of the mechanisms that are in place to effectively carry out projects of any size through specific project management techniques.
                          Certification
                          This course prepares students for the Certiport Project Manager Ready certification. For more information go here: https://certiport.pearsonvue.com/Certifications/PMI/Certifications/Certify

                          Python Multiplayer Adventure
                          • Transcript Category: Elective
                          • CA A-G Approval: G
                          • NCAA Approved: N/A
                          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                          • Python Multiplayer Adventure: Python is a powerful language designed to do just about anything! This course allows students to learn Python by first completing a text based console game and then turning it into a multiplayer adventure! Students will not only learn Python from going through the individual lessons and video reviews but also understand a client server relationship. They will get to code in their own python web server that allows connections through a browser. Students will gain experience using variables, classes, functions, lists, dictionaries, generators and proper Python formatting. Our Python online course is great for anyone interested in preparing themselves for future coding classes. This course assumes no coding experience and includes self graded quizzes and tests.
                            NOTE: Students will need a Windows PC or MAC with Python Version 3 for this course.

    Robotics: Applications and Careers
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    • Robotics: Applications and Careers: It seems like many elementary to high school robotics courses are focused on simply coding a Lego robot to move its mechanical arm up and down. This course, in contrast, teaches students what a robot is and how it relates to other key technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. Then the course examines 10 applications of robots and how they will change and impact various aspects of our lives and the economy. Will robots simply steal our jobs, or will they be a tool that will create new opportunities and even free humans to use our creativity and curiosity to their full potential? Students will grapple with this and many other questions as they explore this vital, future-focused subject.

      Smart Cities: Technology and Applications
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • Smart Cities: Technology and Applications will provide students with an overview of smart cities. The course will begin by providing a foundational explanation of what constitutes a smart city and why they are beginning to pop up around the globe. With a firm understanding of what a smart city is, the majority of the course will focus on various aspects of them such as energy, transportation, data, infrastructure, mobility, and IOT devices. The course will conclude with an analysis of careers related to smart cities.

        Social Media Business Marketing
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • Social Media Business Marketing: Whether it’s posting pictures, videos, or interacting in the metaverse, today’s students who aspire to apply their social media skills to business marketing must be prepared! This course on Social Media Business Marketing provides them with the foundational knowledge of social media technology and marketing principles. The course begins with an introduction to Social Media platforms and then goes in depth into the marketing and advertising strategies used to support a company’s social media strategy and campaigns. Through activities and projects, students will gain firsthand knowledge of this exciting field.

          Certification
          This course also prepares students for the Social Media Strategist certification.

          Startups and Innovation
          • Transcript Category: Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: N/A
          • Length: Half year or 1 semester

          • Startups and Innovation: Students hear a lot of contradictory advice in life. On one hand, they may hear something like “Follow your dreams. Pursue your passion and the money will come!” On the other hand, they may hear something completely opposite, like “Most startups fail! It’s much safer to get a safe, steady job.” So which side is right? Given the massive changes to the economy and society, the skills of entrepreneurship are going to be critical in building a lasting career. The entrepreneurial mindset of searching for opportunities, creating value, and solving pain points will always be valuable. And this mindset applies not just to starting a business, but in any organization that someone is a part of: school, established companies, or non-profits. In this course, students will explore how to use this mindset to create the next world-class startup.

            Transportation Technologies
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Transportation Technologies introduces students to the newest and most cutting-edge futuristic transportation technologies out there. Students gain familiarity with the history of transportation development and understand a framework with which to evaluate new transportation modes. Then the course dives into 10 different technologies on the horizon. Students examine the technologies, the pros and cons of each mode, and explore potential career paths in these emerging fields.

              Wearable Technology Innovations
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

              • Wearable Technology Innovations: From hearing aids to pedometers to smart watches, humans have made and worn devices to overcome physical deficiencies, count their steps, and communicate. With the continue miniaturization of chips and sensors, combined with increasing sophistication of artificial intelligence, wearable technology has proliferated into countless end-markets. This course will introduce students to wearable technologies and the components and software that make these technologies possible. The course will also evaluate several applications of wearable technologies in various industries. Finally, the course will examine and discuss the implications of wearable technology, including its pros and cons, and potential implications to our health, privacy, and society.

    Specialty Courses

    Mastering the Global Game
    Transcript Category: Elective
    CA A-G Approval: N/A
    NCAA Approved: N/A
    Length: Full year or 2 semesters

    Develop in-depth understanding of politics, economics, finance, science, and world affairs with this highly engaging specialty course for students grades 6 – 12.
    Read daily from a select list of articles in preparation for lively current events discussions. It’s an inviting way to connect with peers, while also earning credits toward graduation.
    For more information, click here
    For more information, visit the 2Sigma School Website

  • Introduction to Computer Science*
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
    • This is an introductory high-school level course that is designed for students in 9th grade with algebra readiness skills. No prior programming experience is required. It is inspired by a highly successful Introductory Computing course (15-112, Fundamentals of Programming and Computer Science) that has been taught at Carnegie Mellon University for over 10 years. It is predicated on the notion that learning about programming and computer science should be fun and engaging. This requires interesting problems to solve, as computational problem-solving is the core of computer science.Students start with 2D Graphics using a simple drawing package in Python, and use their creativity and imagination to draw different shapes, from simple to complex. We start students students with graphical problems because they are visually engaging, allow for multiple correct solutions, and provide visual cues when a solution goes awry. Students also learn to use functions, reuse code, and read from and write to files.By the end of the course, students will be able to apply the basic skills learned in this course to take more advanced Python courses or learn other programming languages such as Java.
      A natural progression from this course is for students to take AP® Computer Science courses or Introduction to Data Science.


    • Introduction to Data Science*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • In this course students will learn to understand, ask questions of, and represent data through project-based units. The units will give students opportunities to be data explorers through active engagement, developing their understanding of data analysis, sampling, correlation/causation, bias and uncertainty, modeling with data, making and evaluating data-based arguments, and the importance of data in society. At the end of the course, students will have a portfolio of their data science work to showcase their newly developed knowledge and understanding.This data science course will provide students with opportunities to understand the data science process of asking questions, gathering and organizing data, modeling, analyzing and synthesizing, and communicating. Students will work through this process in a variety of contexts. Students learn through making sense of complex problems, then through an iterative process of formulation and reformulation coming to a reasoned argument for the choices they will make. All of the Standards of Mathematical Practice (SMP) will be addressed in this course.This course is dependent upon the use and application of a variety of technologies. The appropriate and strategic use of these tools will be demonstrated and required throughout the course. The tools required will include Deepnote and Python (https://deepnote.com/), for analyzing and visualizing data, Google Sheets for analyzing and visualizing large amounts of data (on the order of hundreds of data points), the Google Data Commons API (a website wherein students will gather, sort, visualize, and export country data that is freely available to the public, https://www.datacommons.org/). Each tool required is widely accessible and web-based, downloading apps and software is not necessary for the use of this course. This course has several opportunities for students to develop their explanatory writing skills across multiple platforms. Communication at every stage of the data science process is key in making sense of a context, its data, interpretation, and story. Students will revise and refine their writing using self, peer, and teacher feedback.
     
    • Advanced Data Science*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 semesters or Full Year
      • The 2Sigma School Advanced Data Science course combines three perspectives: inferential thinking, computational thinking, and real-world relevance. Given data arising from some real-world phenomenon, how does one analyze that data so as to understand that phenomenon? The course teaches critical concepts and skills in computer programming and statistical inference, in conjunction with hands-on analysis of real-world datasets, including economic data, document collections, geographical data, and social networks. It delves into social issues surrounding data analysis such as privacy and design. It teaches practical techniques that apply across many disciplines and also serves as the technical foundation for more advanced courses in data science, statistics, and computer science. No prior programming experience is necessary, but many of the programming techniques covered in this course do not appear in a typical introduction to programming. The programming content of this course focuses on manipulating data tables, rather than building software applications. Therefore, students who take the course after taking other programming courses often learn a new approach to programming that they haven't encountered before. No prior statistics experience is necessary, but many of the statistical inference techniques covered in this course do not appear in an undergraduate statistics curriculum. The techniques in this course rely heavily on sampling and simulation, and they require computers to carry out.  Therefore, students who have taken statistics courses before often learn new methods to complement what they already know.Data science is more than just a combination of programming and statistics. Effective data science requires understanding problem domains and correctly interpreting domain-specific approaches. The examples in this course are largely drawn from real-world data sets, and one of the main goals of this course is to develop the ability to apply analysis and prediction techniques to real-world scenarios.
     
    • Advanced Data Science Honors*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • The Advanced Data Science is equivalent to a 1-semester college level course, adapted for high school. It combines three perspectives: inferential thinking, computational thinking, and real-world relevance. Given data arising from some real-world phenomenon, how does one analyze that data so as to understand the phenomenon and draw conclusions? The course teaches critical concepts and skills in computer programming and statistical inference, in conjunction with hands-on analysis of real-world datasets, including economic data, document collections, geographical data, and social networks. It delves into social issues surrounding data analysis such as privacy and design.Data science is more than just a combination of programming and statistics. Effective data science requires understanding problem domains and correctly interpreting domain-specific approaches. The examples in this course are largely drawn from real-world data sets, and one of the main goals of this course is to develop the ability to apply analysis and prediction techniques to real-world scenarios.This is an advanced course meant for students who have experience with Python programming or who have previously taken the AP Computer Science A class. At the end of the course, students will have a portfolio of their data science work to showcase their newly developed knowledge and understanding.
     
    • Data Structures and Algorithms*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • The Data Structures and Algorithms course helps students build their understanding of the basics of data structures and how algorithms are implemented in high-level programming languages. We will explore common algorithms to the practice problems programmers face every day. These practical applications include sorting and searching, divide and conquer, greedy algorithms, and dynamic programming. A good algorithm usually comes together with a set of good data structures that allow the algorithm to manipulate the data efficiently. This course goes deeper into the theory about how to break a large problem into pieces and solve them recursively.This course provides students with practice problems that will allow them to solidify their understanding of the new data structures and algorithms. During every unit students will be given challenges where they need to deconstruct a series of open-ended problems into smaller components (inputs, outputs, series of functions). Students will also get a chance to build larger programs through projects that leverage the new ideas and methods that they learn in each unit. By the end of the course students will be able to identify which data structure and algorithm best fits their programming needs.
        This is one of the most advanced courses at 2Sigma School, and students are required to have taken an advanced programming course such as AP Computer Science A, or Advanced Computer Science with Python before enrolling in this course. It is also recommended that students have completed Precalculus as there are many connections to math problem solving throughout the course.


    • Computer Programming with Java*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      Course description coming soon.


    • Advanced Computer Science with Python*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • The Advanced Computer Science in Python course is a technical deep dive into the fundamentals of programming with an emphasis on producing clear, robust, and reasonably efficient code using top-down design, informal analysis, and effective testing and debugging. Starting from first principles, we will cover a large subset of the Python programming language, including its standard libraries and programming paradigms. We will also target numerous deployment scenarios, including standalone programs, shell scripts, and web-based applications.This course provides students with all the essential knowledge and skills needed to become solid intermediate programmers and problem solvers so they can take on decent sized problems on their own and design a solution and make it work. By the end of the course students will creatively solve a problem of their choosing through a capstone project. Students will also be able to demonstrate career readiness through professional certification as this course aligns with the PCAP Exam requirements.
        In order to take this course, students must have completed at least one year of computer science. This can include the Introduction to Computer Science, AP Computer Science Principles, AP Computer Science A, or any equivalent course. Students will also need to have completed Algebra II and Geometry courses so that they can manage the mathematical nature of the programming concepts that we will be covering in this course.
    •  
      • Cybersecurity*
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: No
        • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
        • We live in a world where everything from simple facts to the most dynamic and valuable financial assets are just bits and bytes represented in a computer. Changing, falsifying, or simply intercepting such information can be more devastating to individuals, societies, and even nations than physical attacks and wars of the past. The more we democratize access to information for our convenience, the more potential vulnerabilities we expose ourselves to. This can come in the form of phishing attacks to get access to our bank accounts or social engineering to infiltrate highly secure government and corporate networks. It is an imperative that our future generations are aware of how security works in today’s globally interconnected world.This course introduces students to the foundational concepts, principles, and tools of cybersecurity. Students will learn what it means to establish trust in electronic communications between two or more parties, how data is secured during transit and at rest, how we secure entire systems, and the inherent risks of ubiquitous connectivity. They will employ adversarial thinking to analyze threats, vulnerabilities, and attacks, and learn tools used for data encryption in network communications.Students will also appreciate the implications of ethics and judgement through study of historical events in the context of contemporary laws and policies governing the use and treatment of data.
          The curriculum is based on the High School Cybersecurity Curriculum Guidelines that covers the broad, encompassing areas of importance to cybersecurity.
          No prior programming experience is necessary, but many of the programming techniques covered in this course do not appear in a typical introduction to programming. The programming content of this course focuses on identifying and mitigating risks in hardware and software systems. Therefore, students who take the course after taking other programming courses often learn a new approach to programming that they haven't encountered before.
       
      • Introduction to Artificial Intelligence*
        • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: C
        • NCAA Approved: No
        • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
        • The Introduction to Artificial Intelligence course introduces students to the concepts and algorithms at the foundation of modern artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence systems are impacting our daily lives more everyday. This course gives students a solid foundation to build upon by diving into the ideas that give rise to technologies like game-playing engines, machine translation, and handwriting recognition. Students will learn how to identify various types of artificial intelligence systems and even build their own.This course provides students with all the essential knowledge and skills needed to begin a future in the artificial intelligence workforce. Through hands-on projects, students gain exposure to the theory behind graph search algorithms, classification, optimization, reinforcement learning, and other topics in artificial intelligence and machine learning as they build their own Python programs. By the end of this course students will have experience using machine learning libraries as well as knowledge of artificial intelligence principles that enable them to design intelligent systems of their own.Since this is an advanced course, it is highly recommended that students have experience programming in Python. Students should have taken the Introduction to Computer Science course, Computer Science Principles course, or an equivalent course. We won't cover the fundamentals of Python as we will need to spend time working with artificial intelligence specific algorithms and libraries.


        * indicates this course is provided by a Stanza Course Partner
  • For more information, visit the ChiWonder ChiWonder Website 

    • Chinese (Mandarin) I*
      • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: E
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • Chinese I is designed for students who have little or no knowledge of Mandarin Chinese. Students will be introduced to the fundamentals of the language and will develop communicative skills and learn to read and write in the spoken style.This course requires participation in a weekly one-hour integrated drill session. Upon completing this course, students will be able to:
        • Say greetings
        • Introduce himself/herself when first meeting friends.
        • Make the affirmative sentences, negative sentences, and inquiring sentences.
        • Count one to one hundred million in Chinese.
        • Express intentions and desires in Chinese.
        • Make sentences regarding “when”, “who”,” where “and “what”.
        • Speak Chinese when purchasing something.
        • Ask and answer, “what time is it?"
        • Ask and answer, “what day is today?"


          • Chinese (Mandarin) II*
            • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: E
            • NCAA Approved: No
            • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
            • Chinese II is designed for students who have completed Chinese I. Students will be introduced to the fundamentals of the language and will develop presentational  and interpersonal communicative skills and learn to read simplified Chinese paragraphs. This course requires participation in a weekly one-hour integrated drill session.Upon completing this course, students will be able to:
              • Express intentions
              • Describe a family member, a pet or oneself in related topic
              • Describe color, size, and style of clothing
              • Have short conversations describing family members and various topics
              • Talk about weather and related activities
              • Talk about appearance
              • Use Comparatives and Superlatives to make sentences
              • Learn to make small conversations about friends
              • Learn to describe location
              • Talk about one’s own feelings
              • Converse about sports
              • Have a conversation in a grocery store
              • Talk about the topic of relatives
              • Know how to describe symptoms when seeing the doctor
              • Talk about seasons and related activities, occupations, hobbies, subject of study,
              • Describe school facilities and related activities
              • Describe stationery and related conversation in the classroom
              • Know how to make conversation about the school lunch
              • Know to describe mine and my family’s favorite snacks.
              • Know to make conversation about snacks with friends and family
              • Know how to order food in Chinese
              • Know how to describe the neighborhood and community
              • Know how to ask for locations and directions
              • Know how to make conversations with neighbors


              • Chinese (Mandarin) III*
                • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: E
                • NCAA Approved: No
                • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
                • Chinese III is designed for students who completed Chinese II. Students will be introduced to the fundamentals of the language and will develop presentational and interpersonal communicative skills and learn to read simplified Chinese paragraphs. This course requires participation in a weekly one-hour integrated drill session.Upon completing this course, students will be able to:
                  • Talk about meals and snacks
                  • Describe sports and hobbies
                  • Talk about one's daily activities in Chinese
                  • Order food in Chinese
                  • Make a phone call and have a conversation with a friend
                  • Talk about different types of jobs
                  • Discuss different school subjects and classes in Chinese
                  • Extend invitations to friends and family verbally and in writing
                  • Make a conversation regarding vacation plans or experience in Chinese language with a friend
                  • Talk about a birthday celebration with family and friends in a restaurant
                  • Discuss seasons and weather
                  • Express your intention


                  • * indicates this course is provided by a Stanza Course Partner
    Coming soon
    Coming soon
    For more information, visit Imagine Etiquette.

  • BELLS (Business, Etiquette, Leadership, and Life Skills)*
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
    • BELLS™ is designed to prepare high school students for college and career success. Students learn about responsible budgeting, financial literacy, interviewing skills, resume writing, entrepreneurship, and many other crucial life skills. The BELLS™ program is a must-needed course and will build confidence in life skills for every student upon completion of this program.

      * indicates this course is provided by a Stanza Course Partner
  • Coming soon

    World Languages

    • Chinese (Mandarin) I*
      • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: E
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • Chinese I is designed for students who have little or no knowledge of Mandarin Chinese. Students will be introduced to the fundamentals of the language and will develop communicative skills and learn to read and write in the spoken style.This course requires participation in a weekly one-hour integrated drill session.

        • Chinese (Mandarin) II*
          • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: E
          • NCAA Approved: No
          • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
          • Chinese II is designed for students who have completed Chinese I. Students will be introduced to the fundamentals of the language and will develop presentational  and interpersonal communicative skills and learn to read simplified Chinese paragraphs. This course requires participation in a weekly one-hour integrated drill session.Upon completing this course, students will be able to:


            • Chinese (Mandarin) III*
              • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: E
              • NCAA Approved: No
              • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
              • Chinese III is designed for students who completed Chinese II. Students will be introduced to the fundamentals of the language and will develop presentational and interpersonal communicative skills and learn to read simplified Chinese paragraphs. This course requires participation in a weekly one-hour integrated drill session.Upon completing this course, students will be able to:


                    * indicates this course is provided by a Stanza Course Partner
    • French I
      • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: E
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • French I teaches students to greet people, describe family and friends, talk about hobbies, and communicate about other topics, such as sports, travel, and medicine. Each lesson presents vocabulary, grammar, and culture in context, followed by explanations and exercises. Vocabulary includes terms to describe school subjects, parts of the body, and people, as well as idiomatic phrases. Instruction in language structure and grammar includes the verb system, adjective agreement, formal and informal address, reflexive verbs, and past tense. Students also gain an understanding of the cultures of French-speaking countries and regions within and outside Europe, as well as insight into Francophone culture and people.


      • French II
        • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: E
        • NCAA Approved: No
        • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
        • French II teaches students to communicate more confidently about themselves, as well as about topics beyond their own lives - both in formal and informal address. Each lesson presents vocabulary, grammar, and culture in context, followed by explanations and exercises. Vocabulary includes terms in cooking, geography, and architecture. Instruction in language structure and grammar includes present- and past-tense verb forms and uses, negation, and direct and indirect objects. Students deepen their knowledge of French-speaking regions and cultures by learning about history, literature, culture, and contemporary issues.


        • French 3
          • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: E
          • NCAA Approved: Yes
          • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
          • French 3
          • includes topics about education, plans for the future, diversity, feelings and value systems, historical and economic influences, cultural expressions, and hypothetical situations in the past and future tenses. Both semesters of this course introduce students to economically and historically important cities, pets and their care, subcultures, the senses, differing abilities, advertising, school systems, careers, personal priorities, astrological signs, identities, workplace behaviors, artists, parts of literature, movie awards, values, social priorities, cultural diversity, emotions, wildlife, and fairy tales. This class is almost entirely in French.


          • AP French Language and Cultures
            • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: E
            • NCAA Approved: Yes
            • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
            • AP French Language and Cultures
            • follows the guidelines and procedures specified by the College Board® AP French Language and Culture curriculum. It is designed to enhance students’ knowledge of the French language through the development of reading, writing, listening, speaking, and expanding cultural knowledge.

              The course is conducted almost exclusively in French. Students are expected to communicate in French using the three modes of communication (Interpersonal, Interpretive, and Presentational) defined in the Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century. These three modes of communication are the foundation of the AP® French Language and Culture course.

              Students in the AP French Language and Culture course should be able to make connections, draw comparisons, move fluidly between their native language and the target language (French), and use French in simulations of real-life settings. Assignments are meant to prepare students for, and emulate, the actual AP exam that they are likely to take upon successful completion of this class. The themes for this course are: global challenges, contemporary life, personal and public identities, families and communities, beauty and aesthetics, science and technology, and writing in French.
    • Spanish I
      • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: E
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • Spanish I teaches students to greet people, describe family and friends, talk about hobbies, and communicate about other topics, such as home life, occupations, travel, and medicine. Each lesson presents vocabulary, grammar, and culture in context, followed by explanations and exercises. Vocabulary includes terms to describe school subjects, parts of the body, and people, as well as idiomatic phrases. Instruction in language structure and grammar includes the structures and uses of present-tense verb forms, imperatives, adjective agreement, impersonal constructions, formal and informal address, and reflexive verbs. Students explore words used in different Spanish-speaking regions and learn about the cultures of Spanish-speaking countries and regions within and outside Europe.


      • Spanish II
        • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: E
        • NCAA Approved: No
        • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
        • Building on Spanish I concepts, Spanish II students learn to communicate more confidently about themselves, as well as about topics beyond their own lives - both in formal and informal situations. Each lesson presents vocabulary, grammar, and culture in context, followed by explanations and exercises. Students expand their vocabulary in topics such as cooking, ecology, geography, and architecture. Instruction in language structure and grammar includes a review of present-tense verb forms, an introduction to the past tense, the conditional mood, imperatives, impersonal constructions, and reported speech. Students deepen their knowledge of Spanish-speaking regions and cultures by learning about history, literature, culture, and contemporary issues.


        • Spanish III
          • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: E
          • NCAA Approved: No
          • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
          • In Spanish III, students build upon the skills and knowledge they acquired in Spanish I and II.  The course presents new vocabulary and grammatical concepts in context while providing students with ample opportunities to review and expand upon the material they have learned previously.Students read and listen to authentic materials from newspapers, magazines, and television.  The content is focused on contemporary and relevant topics such as urbanization and population growth in Latin American countries, global health concerns, jobs of the future, and scientific advancements.  The materials engage students as they improve their command of Spanish. Students review the formation and use of regular and irregular verbs in the present and future tenses, as well as the use of reflexive particles and infinitives.  They also expand their understanding of noun and adjective agreement, the comparative and superlative degree of adjectives, and the placement and use of direct and indirect objects and pronouns.  Students expand their vocabulary through exposure to word roots and families, popular slang, the correct use of words that are often confused for one another, and review of concepts such as proper placement of accents and stress.


           
          • AP Spanish Language and Culture
            • Transcript Category: World Language or Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: E
            • NCAA Approved: No
            • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
            • AP Spanish Language and Culture students practice perfecting their Spanish speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills. They study vocabulary, grammar, and cultural aspects of the language, and then apply what they learn in extensive written and spoken exercises. The course addresses the broad themes of Global Challenges, Science and Technology, Contemporary Life, Personal and Public Identities, Families and Communities, and Beauty and Aesthetics. By the end of the course, students will have an expansive vocabulary, a solid, working knowledge of all verb forms and tenses, strong command of other language structures, and an ability to use language in many different contexts and for varied purposes. The equivalent of a college-level language course, AP Spanish Language prepares students for the AP exam and for further study of Spanish language, culture, or literature.This course has been authorized by the College Board® to use the AP designation.

    Computer Science

    • Advanced Computer Science with Python*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • The Advanced Computer Science in Python course is a technical deep dive into the fundamentals of programming with an emphasis on producing clear, robust, and reasonably efficient code using top-down design, informal analysis, and effective testing and debugging. Starting from first principles, we will cover a large subset of the Python programming language, including its standard libraries and programming paradigms. We will also target numerous deployment scenarios, including standalone programs, shell scripts, and web-based applications.This course provides students with all the essential knowledge and skills needed to become solid intermediate programmers and problem solvers so they can take on decent sized problems on their own and design a solution and make it work. By the end of the course students will creatively solve a problem of their choosing through a capstone project. Students will also be able to demonstrate career readiness through professional certification as this course aligns with the PCAP Exam requirements.
        In order to take this course, students must have completed at least one year of computer science. This can include the Introduction to Computer Science, AP Computer Science Principles, AP Computer Science A, or any equivalent course. Students will also need to have completed Algebra II and Geometry courses so that they can manage the mathematical nature of the programming concepts that we will be covering in this course.

        • Computer Programming with Java*
          • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: C
          • NCAA Approved: No
          • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year

          • Course description coming soon

             
            • Computer Science Essentials
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: No
              • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
              • Computer Science Essentials offers a focused curriculum designed around foundational computer science concepts, including computer systems, programming, networks, and data management. The course also introduces students to foundational computer science skills such as coding, troubleshooting, and being a responsible digital citizen.
                Course topics include the history and impact of computers; careers in computer science; computing laws and ethics; bias and equity issues in computing; algorithms and coding; data storage, organization, and analysis; hardware and software; robotics; networks and the internet; cybersecurity and online safety; website design; and the use of abstraction in computing. Students discover new concepts through guided instruction and confirm their understanding in an interactive, feedback-rich environment.
                A variety of activities encourage students to explore different aspects of computer science. Lab activities guide students through coding their own programs. Project and Explore activities reinforce critical thinking, research, writing, and communication skills. In addition, Project activities guide students through the development of different types of computer artifacts. In Discussions, students conduct research on current computing topics and then exchange ideas with their peers. Practice activities provide additional opportunities for students to apply learned concepts and practice their writing, reasoning, and computer literacy skills.
             
            • Computer Science Principles*
              • Transcript Category: Science or Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: D
              • NCAA Approved: No
              • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
              Course description coming soon
             
            • Introduction to Computer Science*
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: No
              • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
              • This is an introductory high-school level course that is designed for students in 9th grade with algebra readiness skills. No prior programming experience is required. It is inspired by a highly successful Introductory Computing course (15-112, Fundamentals of Programming and Computer Science) that has been taught at Carnegie Mellon University for over 10 years. It is predicated on the notion that learning about programming and computer science should be fun and engaging. This requires interesting problems to solve, as computational problem-solving is the core of computer science.Students start with 2D Graphics using a simple drawing package in Python, and use their creativity and imagination to draw different shapes, from simple to complex. We start students students with graphical problems because they are visually engaging, allow for multiple correct solutions, and provide visual cues when a solution goes awry. Students also learn to use functions, reuse code, and read from and write to files.By the end of the course, students will be able to apply the basic skills learned in this course to take more advanced Python courses or learn other programming languages such as Java. A natural progression from this course is for students to take AP® Computer Science courses or Introduction to Data Science.
             Intro to Java Programming
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: N/A
            • Length: Half year or 1 semester

            • Intro to Java Programming:. Java is one of the most widely used computer languages in the world. This course will teach students Java by having them complete multiple projects, both in the console and user interface, including: mad libs, player vs computer games, battleship, tic tac toe, picture shuffler and many more. This is course is meant to give students lots of experience in Java by creating multiple stand alone programs. This course assumes no coding experience with Java programming and includes self graded quizzes and tests.
              NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
              HTML Text Editor (choose one):
              - TextEdit – For use on Mac – comes with OS
              - Notepad – For use on Windows – comes with OS
              - Text – For use on Chromebook – free app download from the Google Store
              Eclipse: http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/eclipse-packages/

              JavaScript
              • Transcript Category: Elective
              • CA A-G Approval: G
              • NCAA Approved: N/A
              • Length: Half year or 1 semester

              • JavaScript:. In this course, students will learn how to start programming with JavaScript. Students will learn the basics of JavaScript including testing, functions, objects, arrays, loops, conditional code, operators and syntax basics. Students will learn timing and animations, and how to debug. The class will conclude with a robust project that incorporates everything they learned in the semester.
                Students should have a working knowledge of HTML and CSS prior to taking this course.
                NOTE: This course requires the student have access to:
                HTML Text Editor (choose one):
                - TextEdit – For use on Mac – comes with OS
                - Notepad – For use on Windows – comes with OS
                - Text – For use on Chromebook – free app download from the Google Store
                Image Editing Software (choose one):
                - Pixlr – https://pixlr.com/editor/ (in-browser)
                - GIMP – http://www.gimp.org/downloads/ (downloadable program)
                Webhosting and basic in-browser FTP:
                - Neocities – https://www.neocities.org


                  Python Multiplayer Adventure
                • Transcript Category: Elective
                • CA A-G Approval: G
                • NCAA Approved: N/A
                • Length: Half year or 1 semester

                • Python Multiplayer Adventure: Python is a powerful language designed to do just about anything! This course allows students to learn Python by first completing a text based console game and then turning it into a multiplayer adventure! Students will not only learn Python from going through the individual lessons and video reviews but also understand a client server relationship. They will get to code in their own python web server that allows connections through a browser. Students will gain experience using variables, classes, functions, lists, dictionaries, generators and proper Python formatting. Our Python online course is great for anyone interested in preparing themselves for future coding classes. This course assumes no coding experience and includes self graded quizzes and tests.
                  NOTE: Students will need a Windows PC or MAC with Python Version 3 for this course.

                  * indicates this course is provided by a Stanza Course Partner
    • Advanced Data Science*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 semesters or Full Year
      • The 2Sigma School Advanced Data Science course combines three perspectives: inferential thinking, computational thinking, and real-world relevance. Given data arising from some real-world phenomenon, how does one analyze that data so as to understand that phenomenon? The course teaches critical concepts and skills in computer programming and statistical inference, in conjunction with hands-on analysis of real-world datasets, including economic data, document collections, geographical data, and social networks. It delves into social issues surrounding data analysis such as privacy and design. It teaches practical techniques that apply across many disciplines and also serves as the technical foundation for more advanced courses in data science, statistics, and computer science. No prior programming experience is necessary, but many of the programming techniques covered in this course do not appear in a typical introduction to programming. The programming content of this course focuses on manipulating data tables, rather than building software applications. Therefore, students who take the course after taking other programming courses often learn a new approach to programming that they haven't encountered before. No prior statistics experience is necessary, but many of the statistical inference techniques covered in this course do not appear in an undergraduate statistics curriculum. The techniques in this course rely heavily on sampling and simulation, and they require computers to carry out.  Therefore, students who have taken statistics courses before often learn new methods to complement what they already know.Data science is more than just a combination of programming and statistics. Effective data science requires understanding problem domains and correctly interpreting domain-specific approaches. The examples in this course are largely drawn from real-world data sets, and one of the main goals of this course is to develop the ability to apply analysis and prediction techniques to real-world scenarios.
     
    • Advanced Data Science Honors*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • The Advanced Data Science is equivalent to a 1-semester college level course, adapted for high school. It combines three perspectives: inferential thinking, computational thinking, and real-world relevance. Given data arising from some real-world phenomenon, how does one analyze that data so as to understand the phenomenon and draw conclusions? The course teaches critical concepts and skills in computer programming and statistical inference, in conjunction with hands-on analysis of real-world datasets, including economic data, document collections, geographical data, and social networks. It delves into social issues surrounding data analysis such as privacy and design.Data science is more than just a combination of programming and statistics. Effective data science requires understanding problem domains and correctly interpreting domain-specific approaches. The examples in this course are largely drawn from real-world data sets, and one of the main goals of this course is to develop the ability to apply analysis and prediction techniques to real-world scenarios.This is an advanced course meant for students who have experience with Python programming or who have previously taken the AP Computer Science A class. At the end of the course, students will have a portfolio of their data science work to showcase their newly developed knowledge and understanding.
     
    • Data Structures and Algorithms*
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • The Data Structures and Algorithms course helps students build their understanding of the basics of data structures and how algorithms are implemented in high-level programming languages. We will explore common algorithms to the practice problems programmers face every day. These practical applications include sorting and searching, divide and conquer, greedy algorithms, and dynamic programming. A good algorithm usually comes together with a set of good data structures that allow the algorithm to manipulate the data efficiently. This course goes deeper into the theory about how to break a large problem into pieces and solve them recursively.This course provides students with practice problems that will allow them to solidify their understanding of the new data structures and algorithms. During every unit students will be given challenges where they need to deconstruct a series of open-ended problems into smaller components (inputs, outputs, series of functions). Students will also get a chance to build larger programs through projects that leverage the new ideas and methods that they learn in each unit. By the end of the course students will be able to identify which data structure and algorithm best fits their programming needs. This is one of the most advanced courses at 2Sigma School, and students are required to have taken an advanced programming course such as AP Computer Science A, or Advanced Computer Science with Python before enrolling in this course. It is also recommended that students have completed Precalculus as there are many connections to math problem solving throughout the course.
      Information Technology Applications
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    • Information Technology Applications prepares students to work in the field of Information Technology. Students will be able to demonstrate digital literacy through basic study of computer hardware, operating systems, networking, the Internet, web publishing, spreadsheets and database software. Through a series of hand-on activities, students will learn what to expect in the field of Information Technology and begin exploring career options in the field.
      Information Technology Applications is an introductory level Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in information technology as well as other career clusters. This course is built to state and national standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue the Microsoft® Office Specialist certifications in Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access, as well as IC3 certification.

      Intro to Artificial Intelligence
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • Intro to Artificial Intelligence teaches what every student should know about Artificial Intelligence. AI is a fast-moving technology with impacts and implications for both our individual lives and society as a whole. In this course, students will get a basic introduction to the building blocks and components of artificial intelligence, learning about concepts like algorithms, machine learning, and neural networks. Students will also explore how AI is already being used, and evaluate problem areas of AI, such as bias. The course also contains a balanced look at AI’s impact on existing jobs, as well as its potential to create new and exciting career fields in the future. Students will leave the course with a solid understanding of what AI is, how it works, areas of caution, and what they can do with the technology.

        • Introduction to Data Science*
          • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: C
          • NCAA Approved: No
          • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
          • In this course students will learn to understand, ask questions of, and represent data through project-based units. The units will give students opportunities to be data explorers through active engagement, developing their understanding of data analysis, sampling, correlation/causation, bias and uncertainty, modeling with data, making and evaluating data-based arguments, and the importance of data in society. At the end of the course, students will have a portfolio of their data science work to showcase their newly developed knowledge and understanding.This data science course will provide students with opportunities to understand the data science process of asking questions, gathering and organizing data, modeling, analyzing and synthesizing, and communicating. Students will work through this process in a variety of contexts. Students learn through making sense of complex problems, then through an iterative process of formulation and reformulation coming to a reasoned argument for the choices they will make. All of the Standards of Mathematical Practice (SMP) will be addressed in this course.This course is dependent upon the use and application of a variety of technologies. The appropriate and strategic use of these tools will be demonstrated and required throughout the course. The tools required will include Deepnote and Python (https://deepnote.com/), for analyzing and visualizing data, Google Sheets for analyzing and visualizing large amounts of data (on the order of hundreds of data points), the Google Data Commons API (a website wherein students will gather, sort, visualize, and export country data that is freely available to the public, https://www.datacommons.org/). Each tool required is widely accessible and web-based, downloading apps and software is not necessary for the use of this course. This course has several opportunities for students to develop their explanatory writing skills across multiple platforms. Communication at every stage of the data science process is key in making sense of a context, its data, interpretation, and story. Students will revise and refine their writing using self, peer, and teacher feedback.
         
        • Principles of Information Technology
          • Transcript Category: Elective
          • CA A-G Approval: G
          • NCAA Approved: No
          • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
          • Principles of Information Technology prepares students to succeed in the workplace. Students begin by establishing an awareness of the roles essential to an organization's success, and then work to develop an understanding of professional communications and leadership skills. In doing so, students gain proficiency with word processing, email, and presentation management software. Students will also be able to demonstrate digital literacy through basic study of computer hardware, operating systems, networking, the Internet, web publishing, spreadsheets and database software. This course allows students to explore careers in information technology and business while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Through a series of hands-on activities, students will create, analyze, and critique reports, letters, project plans, presentations, and other professional communications. Students will learn what to expect in the field of Information Technology and begin exploring career options in the field. Regular engagement in active learning ensures students can continually refine the skills necessary to prepare them for work. In addition, students will evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers so they can identify opportunities that are of interest to them. Principles of Information Technology is a full-year introductory Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in business, management, and administration; information technology; and other career clusters. This course is built to state and national standards. Students who successfully complete the course will be prepared to pursue the Microsoft® Office Specialist certifications in Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access*, as well as IC3 certification. *Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

            * indicates this course is provided by a Stanza Course Partner
    AP Computer Science Principles
    • Transcript Category: Science or Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: D
    • NCAA Approved: No
    • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
    • AP Computer Science Principles is an introductory college-level computing course that introduces students to the breadth of the field of computer science. Students learn to design and evaluate solutions and to apply computer science to solve problems through the development of algorithms and programs. They incorporate abstraction into programs and use data to discover new knowledge. Students also explain how computing innovations and computing systems—including the internet—work, explore their potential impacts, and contribute to a computing culture that is collaborative and ethical. (Retrieved from https://apcentral.collegeboard.org/courses/ap-computer-science-principles/course)
     
    • AP Computer Science A
      • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: C
      • NCAA Approved: No
      • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
      • AP Computer Science A is an introductory college-level computer science course. Students cultivate their understanding of coding through analyzing, writing, and testing code as they explore concepts like modularity, variables, and control structures.
    Computer Applications
    • Transcript Category: Elective
    • CA A-G Approval: G
    • NCAA Approved: N/A
    • Length: Half year or 1 semester

    • Computer Applications provides an introduction to software applications that prepares students to succeed in the workplace and beyond. Students will develop an understanding of professional communications and leadership skills while gaining proficiency with word processing, email, and presentation management software. Students will also be able to demonstrate digital literacy through basic study web publishing and design, spreadsheets and database software.
      This course allows students to explore careers in the fields of business and information technology while learning skills applicable to any professional setting. Through a series of hands-on activities, students will create, analyze, and critique reports, letters, project plans, presentations, and other professional communications. Regular engagement in active learning ensures students can continually refine the skills necessary to prepare them for work. In addition, students will evaluate the qualifications required for specific careers so they can identify opportunities that are of interest to them.
      Computer Applications is an introductory level Career and Technical Education course applicable to programs of study in Business Management and Administration, Information Technology, and other career clusters. This course is built to state and national standards.

      Computer Basics
      • Transcript Category: Elective
      • CA A-G Approval: G
      • NCAA Approved: N/A
      • Length: Half year or 1 semester

      • In Computer Basics, you will learn how to use productivity and collaboration tools, such as G Suite by Google Cloud to create word processing documents, spreadsheets, surveys and forms such as personal budgets and invitations.

        Cybersecurity (Accelerate)
        • Transcript Category: Elective
        • CA A-G Approval: G
        • NCAA Approved: N/A
        • Length: Half year or 1 semester

        • In the Cybersecurity course, students will learn about the practice of protecting networks, systems, and programs from digital attacks. They will better understand the aim of these attacks, such as destroying information, extorting money and resources, or disrupting business operations. They will learn about the challenges and opportunities that implementing cybersecurity measures can present. As attackers become more innovative, it is more important than ever to have effective cybersecurity channels in place to counter them. Students will learn about countermeasures and role recovery and their integral function in the cybersecurity realm. Additionally, students will learn what makes certain networks and systems more vulnerable to attacks. They will become adept at identifying potential viruses, worms, threats, and malware. The Cybersecurity course acts as a foundation on which to build extensive knowledge about threats to digital security.

          • Cybersecurity*
            • Transcript Category: Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: G
            • NCAA Approved: No
            • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
            • We live in a world where everything from simple facts to the most dynamic and valuable financial assets are just bits and bytes represented in a computer. Changing, falsifying, or simply intercepting such information can be more devastating to individuals, societies, and even nations than physical attacks and wars of the past. The more we democratize access to information for our convenience, the more potential vulnerabilities we expose ourselves to. This can come in the form of phishing attacks to get access to our bank accounts or social engineering to infiltrate highly secure government and corporate networks. It is an imperative that our future generations are aware of how security works in today’s globally interconnected world.This course introduces students to the foundational concepts, principles, and tools of cybersecurity. Students will learn what it means to establish trust in electronic communications between two or more parties, how data is secured during transit and at rest, how we secure entire systems, and the inherent risks of ubiquitous connectivity. They will employ adversarial thinking to analyze threats, vulnerabilities, and attacks, and learn tools used for data encryption in network communications.Students will also appreciate the implications of ethics and judgement through study of historical events in the context of contemporary laws and policies governing the use and treatment of data. The curriculum is based on the High School Cybersecurity Curriculum Guidelines that covers the broad, encompassing areas of importance to cybersecurity. No prior programming experience is necessary, but many of the programming techniques covered in this course do not appear in a typical introduction to programming. The programming content of this course focuses on identifying and mitigating risks in hardware and software systems. Therefore, students who take the course after taking other programming courses often learn a new approach to programming that they haven't encountered before.
           
          • Introduction to Artificial Intelligence*
            • Transcript Category: Math or Elective
            • CA A-G Approval: C
            • NCAA Approved: No
            • Length: 2 Semesters or Full Year
            • The Introduction to Artificial Intelligence course introduces students to the concepts and algorithms at the foundation of modern artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence systems are impacting our daily lives more everyday. This course gives students a solid foundation to build upon by diving into the ideas that give rise to technologies like game-playing engines, machine translation, and handwriting recognition. Students will learn how to identify various types of artificial intelligence systems and even build their own.This course provides students with all the essential knowledge and skills needed to begin a future in the artificial intelligence workforce. Through hands-on projects, students gain exposure to the theory behind graph search algorithms, classification, optimization, reinforcement learning, and other topics in artificial intelligence and machine learning as they build their own Python programs. By the end of this course students will have experience using machine learning libraries as well as knowledge of artificial intelligence principles that enable them to design intelligent systems of their own.Since this is an advanced course, it is highly recommended that students have experience programming in Python. Students should have taken the Introduction to Computer Science course, Computer Science Principles course, or an equivalent course. We won't cover the fundamentals of Python as we will need to spend time working with artificial intelligence specific algorithms and libraries.
            * indicates this course is provided by a Stanza Course Partner

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