Students begin the first semester of this course with a review of how to use basic arithmetic operations with whole numbers, integers, fractions, mixed numbers, and decimals. More complex concepts are built on these basics. Students revisit simplifying order of operation problems. They will also learn how to apply the properties of addition and multiplication, as well as the distributive property, to equation solving. This semester ends with a review of solving inequalities in one- and two-steps.
In the second semester of the Math Essentials online course, students apply all of their first semester knowledge to a variety of relevant topics. They learn the relationship among ratios, rates, and proportions, and solve daily problems using proportional reasoning. Students also look at the connection between fractions, decimal numbers, and percentages. They solve problems related to tipping, commissions, interest, and percentage increase or decrease. Next students revisit their coordinate plane and linear function knowledge, expanding their horizons by applying these concepts to other function families. The course then moves to everyday geometric concepts such as perimeter, area, and volume. Students end their year of study with a critical look at scatterplots in the real-world.